Elizabeth Raffald

Engraving of Elizabeth Raffald, from the 1782 edition of her cookery book Elizabeth Raffald (1733 – 19 April 1781) was an English author, innovator and entrepreneur.

Born and raised in Doncaster, Yorkshire, Raffald went into domestic service for fifteen years, ending as the housekeeper to the Warburton baronets at Arley Hall, Cheshire. She left her position when she married John, the estate's head gardener. The couple moved to Manchester, Lancashire, where Raffald opened a register office to introduce domestic workers to employers; she also ran a cookery school and sold food from the premises. In 1769 she published her cookery book ''The Experienced English Housekeeper'', which contains the first recipe for a "Bride Cake" that is recognisable as a modern wedding cake. She is possibly the inventor of the Eccles cake.

In August 1772 Raffald published ''The Manchester Directory'', a listing of 1,505 traders and civic leaders in Manchester—the first such listing for the up-and-coming town. The Raffalds went on to run two important post houses in Manchester and Salford before running into financial problems, possibly brought on by John's heavy drinking. Raffald began a business selling strawberries and hot drinks during the strawberry season. She died suddenly in 1781, just after publishing the third edition of her directory and while still updating the eighth edition of her cookery book.

After her death there were fifteen official editions of her cookery book, and twenty-three pirated ones. Her recipes were heavily plagiarised by other authors, notably by Isabella Beeton in her bestselling ''Mrs Beeton's Book of Household Management'' (1861). Raffald's recipes have been admired by several modern cooks and food writers, including Elizabeth David and Jane Grigson. Provided by Wikipedia

4
by Raffald, Elizabeth
Published 1778
Printed for the author, and sold by R. Baldwin, No. 47, in Pater-noster-Row

6
by Raffald, Elizabeth
Published 1781
printed for, and sold by the author, and J. Harrop, opposite the Exchange

7
by Raffald, Elizabeth
Published 1775
printed for the author, and sold by R. Baldwin, No. 47, in Pater-Noster-Row

8
by Raffald, Elizabeth
Published 1771
printed for the author, and sold by R. Baldwin, No. 47, Pater-Noster-Row

12
by Raffald, Elizabeth
Published 1800
published for the booksellers ; and printed and sold by H. and G. Mozley, Market-Place, Gainsbrough

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by Raffald, Elizabeth
Published 1780
printed for the author, and sold by R. Baldwin, No. 47, in Pater-Noster-Row

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by Raffald, Elizabeth
Published 1773
printed for the author, and sold by R. Baldwin, No. 47, in Pater-Noster-Row

18
by Raffald, Elizabeth
Published 1771
printed for the author, and sold by R. Baldwin, No. 47, in Pater-Noster Row