Management of acute withdrawal and detoxification for adults who misuse methamphetamine : a review of the clinical evidence and guidelines

Methamphetamine is a highly addictive drug that is created illegally in clandestine laboratories using a variety of household chemicals, including ephedrine or pseudoephedrine, that is extracted from over the counter medications. There is no legally available alternative drug. Methamphetamine comes...

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Main Authors: Clark, Michelle, Featherstone, Robin (Author)
Corporate Author: Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health Rapid Response Service
Format: eBook
Language:English
Published: Ottawa CADTH 2019, February 08, 2019
Edition:Version 1.0
Series:CADTH rapid response report: summary with critical appraisal
Subjects:
Online Access:
Collection: National Center for Biotechnology Information - Collection details see MPG.ReNa
Summary:Methamphetamine is a highly addictive drug that is created illegally in clandestine laboratories using a variety of household chemicals, including ephedrine or pseudoephedrine, that is extracted from over the counter medications. There is no legally available alternative drug. Methamphetamine comes as a white powder or a crystal format and can be sniffed up the nose or mixed with water and injected. The production of methamphetamine is dangerous and produces large volumes of toxic chemical waste. In 2006, Canada introduced new regulations to limit access to the precursor chemicals needed to produce methamphetamine including the move to keep ephedrine-containing products behind the pharmacy counter. The prevalence of methamphetamine use in Canada is low, with about 0.2% of the population reported to use the substance; however, it would appear that the availability of methamphetamine in Canada has recently increased. There was a 590% increase in the number of methamphetamine-related drug offences and seizures between 2010 and 2017
Physical Description:1 PDF file (28 pages) illustrations