Rural healthcare workforce a systematic review

Approximately 20 percent of the US total population lives in rural areas. Patients living in rural areas are often underserved with regard to healthcare access. The complexity of rural healthcare provision requires careful and systematic evaluation of individual contributing factors. The purpose of...

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Main Authors: Hempel, Susanne, Shekelle, Paul G. (Author)
Corporate Author: West Los Angeles VA Medical Center Evidence-Based Synthesis Program Center
Format: eBook
Language:English
Published: [Washington, D.C.] Department of Veterans Affairs, Health Services Research & Development Service December 2015, 2015
Subjects:
Online Access:
Collection: National Center for Biotechnology Information - Collection details see MPG.ReNa
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100 1 |a Hempel, Susanne 
245 0 0 |a Rural healthcare workforce  |h Elektronische Ressource  |b a systematic review  |c principal investigator: Susanne Hempel, Paul Shekelle ; co-investigators: Melinda Maggard Gibbons, Jesus G. Ulloa, Ian T. Macqueen ; research associates: Isomi M. Miake-Lye, Jessica M. Beroes, Roberta Shanman 
260 |a [Washington, D.C.]  |b Department of Veterans Affairs, Health Services Research & Development Service  |c December 2015, 2015 
300 |a 1 PDF file (iii, 136 pages)  |b illustrations 
505 0 |a Includes bibliographical references 
653 |a United States 
653 |a Rural Health Services 
653 |a Rural Health Services / supply & distribution 
653 |a Health Services Needs and Demand 
653 |a Health Workforce 
700 1 |a Shekelle, Paul G.  |e [author] 
710 2 |a West Los Angeles VA Medical Center  |b Evidence-Based Synthesis Program Center 
041 0 7 |a eng  |2 ISO 639-2 
989 |b NCBI  |a National Center for Biotechnology Information 
500 |a At head of title: QUERI. 
856 |u http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK409505  |3 Volltext 
082 0 |a 610 
520 |a Approximately 20 percent of the US total population lives in rural areas. Patients living in rural areas are often underserved with regard to healthcare access. The complexity of rural healthcare provision requires careful and systematic evaluation of individual contributing factors. The purpose of this review is to examine the current literature quantifying current and projected health provider need, to explore geographic provider choices, to synthesize evidence on interventions to increase rural provider recruitment and provider retention, and to document the efficacy of student training for current rural healthcare in the US. This topic was developed in response to a nomination by the Office of Rural Health (ORH). The Key Questions (KQ) are:1. What are the current versus projected healthcare provider needs by numbers and disciplines in the next 20 years in rural areas? 2. What factors influence healthcare providers' geographic choices for practice? 3. What interventions have been shown to increase rural healthcare provider recruitment? 4. What interventions have been shown to increase rural healthcare provider retention? 5. What is the efficacy of current rural-specific resident and healthcare profession student training and education efforts?