Automated real-time nucleic acid amplification technology for rapid and simultaneous detection of tuberculosis and rifampicin resistance : Xpert MTB/RIF system : policy statement

Earlier and improved tuberculosis (TB) case detection - including smear-negative disease, often associated with HIV co-infection - as well as expanded capacity to diagnose multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) are global priorities for TB control. Conventional laboratory methods are slow and cum...

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Corporate Author: World Health Organization
Format: eBook
Language:English
Published: Geneva, Switzerland World Health Organization 2011, 2011
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Collection: National Center for Biotechnology Information - Collection details see MPG.ReNa
Summary:Earlier and improved tuberculosis (TB) case detection - including smear-negative disease, often associated with HIV co-infection - as well as expanded capacity to diagnose multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) are global priorities for TB control. Conventional laboratory methods are slow and cumbersome and novel technologies for rapid detection are therefore the focus of TB research and development. With support from NIH, the Foundation for Innovative New Diagnostics (FIND) has partnered with Cepheid, Inc. (Sunnyvale, CA) and the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey (UMDNJ, Newark, NY) to develop a TB-specific automated, cartridge-based nucleic amplification assay (Xpert MTB/RIF) based on the GeneXpert multi-disease platform, currently unique in its simplification of molecular testing with fully integrated and automated sample preparation, amplification and detection required for real-time polymerase chain reaction. Xpert MTB/RIF detects M. tuberculosis as well as rifampicin resistance-conferring mutations directly from sputum, in an assay providing results within two hours. Data from published papers, large multi-centre laboratory validation and demonstration studies coordinated by FIND, and unpublished data investigator-driven, single-centre studies were recently reviewed by WHO with the aim to develop policy guidance on Xpert MTB/RIF use
Item Description:Title from PDF title page. - "WHO/HTM/TB/2011.4"--Title page verso
Physical Description:1 PDF file (28 pages) illustrations
ISBN:9789241501545