Mathematics and modern economics : [Research Reviews]

Mark Blaug (2003), 'The Formalist Revolution of the 1950s', in Warren J. Samuels, Jeff E. Biddle and John B. Davis (eds), A Companion to the History of Economic Thought, Chapter 25, Malden, MA and Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing, 395-410 -- John M. Clark (1947), 'Mathematical Economi...

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Main Author: Hodgson, Geoffrey M.
Corporate Author: Edward Elgar Publishing
Format: eBook
Published: Cheltenham Edward Elgar Pub. Ltd 2012
Series:Elgar research reviews in economics
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Collection: Edward Elgar eBook Archive - Collection details see MPG.ReNa
Summary:Mark Blaug (2003), 'The Formalist Revolution of the 1950s', in Warren J. Samuels, Jeff E. Biddle and John B. Davis (eds), A Companion to the History of Economic Thought, Chapter 25, Malden, MA and Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing, 395-410 -- John M. Clark (1947), 'Mathematical Economists and Others: A Plea for Communicability', Econometrica, 15 (2), April, 75-8 -- Kenneth E. Boulding (1948), 'Samuelson's Foundations: The Role of Mathematics in Economics', Journal of Political Economy, LVI (3), June, 187-99 -- Morris A. Copeland (1951), 'Institutional Economics and Model Analysis', American Economic Review, 41 (2), May, 56-65 -- David Novick (1954), 'Mathematics: Logic, Quantity, and Method', Review of Economics and Statistics, XXXVI (4), November, 357-8 -- Paul A. Samuelson (1954), 'Some Psychological Aspects of Mathematics and Economics', Review of Economics and Statistics, XXXVI (4), November, 380-86
Sraffa, Piero (1960), Production of Commodities by Means of Commodities: Prelude to a Critique of Economic Theory, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. -- Steedman, Ian (1977), Marx After Sraffa, London: NLB. -- Stigler, George J., Stephen M. Stigler and Claire Friedland, (1995), 'The Journals of Economics', Journal of Political Economy, 105(2), 331-59. -- Thomas, Brinley (1991), 'Alfred Marshall on Economic Biology', Review of Political Economy, 3(1), January, 1-14. -- Tinbergen, Jan (1939), Statistical Testing of Business-Cycle Theories, 2 vols, Geneva: League of Nations. -- Tinbergen, Jan (1940a), 'Econometric Business Cycle Research', Review of Economic Studies, 7(2), February, 73-90
Hodgson, Geoffrey M. (2004), The Evolution of Institutional Economics: Agency, Structure and Darwinism in American Institutionalism, London and New York: Routledge. -- Hodgson, Geoffrey M. (2011), 'The Eclipse of the Uncertainty Concept in Mainstream Economics', Journal of Economic Issues, 45(1), March, 159-75. -- Hodgson, Geoffrey M. and Kainan Huang (2012), 'Evolutionary Game Theory and Evolutionary Economics: Are they Different Species?' Journal of Evolutionary Economics, 22, 345-66. -- Hodgson, Geoffrey M. and Thorbjørn Knudsen (2004), 'The Complex Evolution of a Simple Traffic Convention: The Functions and Implications of Habit', Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 54(1), 19-47. -- Hodgson, Geoffrey M. and Thorbjørn Knudsen (2006), 'Balancing Inertia, Innovation, and Imitation in Complex Environments', Journal of Economic Issues, 40(2), June, 287-95. --
Hodgson, Geoffrey M. (1993a), 'The Mecca of Alfred Marshall', Economic Journal, 103(2), March, 406-15. -- Hodgson, Geoffrey M. (1993b), Economics and Evolution: Bringing Life Back Into Economics, Cambridge, UK and Ann Arbor, MI: Polity Press and University of Michigan Press. -- Hodgson, Geoffrey M. (1997), 'The Fate of the Cambridge Capital Controversy', in Philip Arestis and Malcolm C. Sawyer (eds) Capital Controversy, Post Keynesian Economics and the History of Economic Theory: Essays in Honour of Geoff Harcourt, London and New York: Routledge, 95-110. -- Hodgson, Geoffrey M. (1999), Evolution and Institutions: On Evolutionary Economics and the Evolution of Economics, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar. -- Hodgson, Geoffrey M. (2001), How Economics Forgot History: The Problem of Historical Specificity in Social Science, London and New York: Routledge. --
Mirowski, Philip (2002), Machine Dreams: Economics Becomes a Cyborg Science, Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press. -- Mirowski, Philip (forthcoming) 'The Unreasonable Efficacy of Mathematics in Modern Economics', in Dov M. Gabbay, Paul Thagard and John Woods (general eds) and Uskali Mäki (volume ed.) (forthcoming) Handbook of the Philosophy of Science. Volume 13: Philosophy of Economics, Amsterdam: Elsevier. -- Mises, Ludwig von (1949), Human Action: A Treatise on Economics, 1st ednn., London and New Haven: William Hodge and Yale University Press. -- Mitchell, Wesley C. (1927), Business Cycles: The Problem and its Setting, New York: National Bureau of Economic Research. -- Morgan, Mary S. (1990), The History of Econometric Ideas, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. -- Nelson, Richard R. and Sidney G. Winter, (1982), An Evolutionary Theory of Economic Change, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. --
Roger E. Backhouse (1998), 'If Mathematics is Informal, Then Perhaps We Should Accept that Economics Must be Informal Too', Economic Journal, 108 (451), November, 1848-58 -- Victoria Chick (1998), 'On Knowing One's Place: The Role of Formalism in Economics', Economic Journal, 108 (451), November, 1859-69 -- Robert Sugden (2000), 'Credible Worlds: The Status of Theoretical Models in Economics', Journal of Economic Methodology, 7 (1), 1-31 -- James M. Buchanan (2001), 'Game Theory, Mathematics, and Economics', Journal of Economic Methodology, 8 (1), 27-32 -- Victoria Chick and Sheila C. Dow (2001), 'Formalism, Logic and Reality: A Keynesian Analysis', Cambridge Journal of Economics, 25 (6), 705-21 -- Ken Dennis (2002), 'Nominalising the Numeric: An Alternative to Mathematical Reduction in Economics', Cambridge Journal of Economics, 26 (1), January, 63-80 --
The appropriate role of mathematics in economics has been controversial for two hundred years, and has been a matter of ongoing debate as economics became more mathematical after the Second World War. Controversy has been heightened after extensive criticisms of models used for analysis, prediction and risk assessment prior to the great financial crash of 2008. In this topical collection, Professor Hodgson brings together the seminal classic and recent essays published since 1945 on the role of mathematics in economics, by leading authors including six Nobel Laureates, and from a variety of perspectives
Blaug, Mark (1999), 'The Formalist Revolution or What Happened to Orthodox Economics After World War II?', in Roger E. Backhouse, and John Creedy (eds) (1999), From Classical Economics to the Theory of the Firm: Essays in Honour of D. P. O'Brien, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, 257-80. -- Boland, Lawrence A. (1989), The Methodology of Economic Model Building: Methodology after Samuelson, London and New York: Routledge. -- Bowen, Howard R. (1953), 'Graduate Education in Economics', American Economic Review Supplement, Graduate Education in Economics, 43(4), Part 2, September, pp. ii-xv, 1-223. -- Brems, Hans (1975), 'Marshall on Mathematics', Journal of Law and Economics, 18(2), October, 583-5. -- Brock, William A., David A. Hsieh and Blake LeBaron (1991), Nonlinear Dynamics, Chaos, and Instability: Statistical Theory and Economic Evidence, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. --
Recommended readings (Machine generated): Acemoglu, Daron, Simon Johnson and James A. Robinson (2002), 'Reversal of Fortune: Geography and Institutions in the Making of the Modern Income Distribution', Quarterly Journal of Economics, 117(4), November, 1231-94. -- Aoki, Masahiko (1990), 'Towards an Economic Model of the Japanese Firm', Journal of Economic Literature, 26(1), March, 1-27. -- Aspromourgos, Tony (2000), 'New Light on the Economics of William Petty (1623-1687): Some Findings From Previously Undisclosed Manuscripts', Contributions to Political Economy, 19, 53-70. -- Backhouse, Roger E. (1998), 'The Transformation of U.S. Economics, 1920-1960, Viewed through a Survey of Journal Articles', in Mary S. Morgan, and Malcolm H. Rutherford (eds) (1998), The Transformation of American Economics: From Interwar Pluralism to Postwar Neoclassicism, Annual Supplement to Volume 30 of History of Political Economy, Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 85-107. --
McCombie, John S. L. (1981), 'What Still Remains of Kaldor's Laws?', Economic Journal, 91(1), March, 206-16. -- Menger, Carl (1871), Grundsätze der Volkwirtschaftslehre, 1st ednn. (Tübingen: J. C. B. Mohr). Published in English in 1981 as Principles of Economics, New York: New York University Press. -- Menger, Carl (1883), Untersuchungen über die Methode der Sozialwissenschaften und der politischen Ökonomie insbesondere (Tübingen: J. C. B. Mohr). Published in English in 1985 as Investigations into the Method of the Social Sciences with Special Reference to Economics,, New York: New York University Press. -- Mirowski, Philip (1989), More Heat Than Light: Economics as Social Physics, Physics as Nature's Economics, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. -- Mirowski, Philip (1991a), 'Postmodernism and the Social Theory of Value', Journal of Post Keynesian Economics, 13(4), Summer, 565-82. --
Pareto, Vilfredo (1897), 'The New Theories of Economics', Journal of Political Economy, 5(4), September, 485-502. -- Pessali, Huascar F. (2006), 'The Rhetoric of Oliver Williamson's Transaction Cost Economics', Journal of Institutional Economics, 2(1), April, 45-65. -- Pigou, Arthur C. (ed.) (1925), Memorials of Alfred Marshall, London: Macmillan. -- Potts, Jason (2000), The New Evolutionary Microeconomics: Complexity, Competence and Adaptive Behaviour, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar. -- Quine, Willard van Orman (1951), 'Two Dogmas of Empiricism', Philosophical Review, 60(1), January, 20-43. Reprinted in Willard van Orman Quine (1953), From a Logical Point of View, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 721. -- Radzicki, Michael J. (1990), 'Institutional Dynamics, Deterministic Chaos, and Self-Organizing Systems', Journal of Economic Issues, 24(1), March, 57-102. --
Munir Quddus and Salim Rashid (1994), 'The Overuse of Mathematics in Economics: Nobel Resistance', Eastern Economic Journal, 20 (3), Summer, 251-65 -- Robert W. Clower (1995), 'Axiomatics in Economics', Southern Economic Journal, 62 (2), October, 307-19 -- Mark Blaug (1997), 'Ugly Currents in Modern Economics', Policy Options, 18 (17), September, 3-8 -- Peter J. Boettke (1997), 'Where Did Economics Go Wrong? Modern Economics as a Flight from Reality', Critical Review, 11 (1), Winter, 11-64 -- Paul Krugman (1998), 'Two Cheers for Formalism', Economic Journal, 108 (451), November, 1829-36
Walras, Léon (1874), Éléments d'économie politique pure, ou théorie de la richesse sociale, Lausanne: Rouge. -- Ward, Benjamin (1972), What's Wrong With Economics?, London: Macmillan. -- Weintraub, E. Roy (2002), How Economics Became a Mathematical Science, Durham, NC: Duke University Press. -- Whitaker, John K. (ed.) (1996), The Correspondence of Alfred Marshall, 3 vols, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. -- Wilber, Charles K. and Robert S. Harrison (1978), 'The Methodological Basis of Institutional Economics: Pattern Model, Storytelling, and Holism', Journal of Economic Issues, 12(1), March, 61-89. -- Wilson, Matthew C. (2005), 'Institutionalism, Critical Realism and the Critique of Mainstream Economics', Journal of Institutional Economics, 1(2), December, 217-31. --
Tony Lawson (2004), 'Reorienting Economics: On Heterodox Economics, Themata and the Use of Mathematics in Economics', Journal of Economic Methodology, 11 (3), September, 329-40 -- Uskali Mäki (2005), 'Models are Experiments, Experiments are Models', Journal of Economic Methodology, 12 (2), June, 303-15 -- K. Vela Velupillai (2005), 'The Unreasonable Ineffectiveness of Mathematics in Economics', Cambridge Journal of Economics, 29 (6), November, 849-72 -- D. Wade Hands (2007), '2006 HES Presidential Address: A Tale of Two Mainstreams: Economics and Philosophy of Natural Science in the Mid-Twentieth Century', Journal of the History of Economic Thought, 29 (1), March, 1-13 -- Geoffrey M. Hodgson (2006), 'The Problem of Formalism in Economics', in Economics in the Shadows of Darwin and Marx: Essays on Institutional and Evolutionary Themes, Chapter 7, Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar, 116-34 --
Peter E. Earl (2010), 'Economics Fit for the Queen: A Pessimistic Assessment of its Prospects', Prometheus, 28 (3), September, 209-25 -- Geoffrey Hodgson (2011), 'Reforming Economics after the Financial Crisis', Global Policy, 2 (2), May, 190-95
Rizvi, S. Abu Turab (1994), 'The Microfoundations Project in General Equilibrium Theory', Cambridge Journal of Economics, 18(4), August, 357-77. -- Robinson, Joan (1975), 'What has Become of the Keynesian Revolution?', in Milo Keynes (ed.) Essays on John Maynard Keynes, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 123-31. -- Rodrik, Dani and Francesco Trebbi (2004), 'Institutions Rule: The Primacy of Institutions Over Geography and Integration in Economic Development', Journal of Economic Growth, 9, 131-65. -- Rosenberg, Alexander (1992), Economics - Mathematical Politics or Science of Diminishing Returns?, Chicago: University of Chicago Press. -- Rosser, J. Barkley, Jr (1991), From Catastrophe to Chaos: A General Theory of Economic Discontinuities, Dordrecht: Kluwer. -- Rutherford, Malcolm H. (2011), The Institutionalist Movement in American Economics, 1918-1947: Science and Social Control, Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press. --
Goodwin, Richard M. (1990), Chaotic Economic Dynamics, Oxford: Oxford University Press. -- Grandmont, Jean-Michel (1986), 'Stabilizing Competitive Business Cycles', Journal of Economic Theory, 40(1), October, 57-76. -- Hands, D. Wade (2001), Reflection Without Rules: Economic Methodology and Contemporary Science Theory, Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press. -- Hart, Oliver D. and John Moore (1990) 'Property Rights and the Nature of the Firm', Journal of Political Economy, 98(6), December, 1119-58. -- Hayek, Friedrich A. (1945), 'The Ue of Knowledge in Society', American Economic Review, 35(4), September, 519-30
Samuelson, Paul A. (1947), Foundations of Economic Analysis, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. -- Schefold, Bertram (1989), Mr Sraffa on Joint Production and other Essays, London: Unwin and Hyman. -- Shackle, George L. S. (1955), Uncertainty in Economics, London: Cambridge University Press. -- Shackle, George L. S. (1976), 'Time and Choice', Proceedings of the British Academy, 66, 309-29. -- Reprinted in George L. S. Shackle, (1990), Time, Expectations and Uncertainty in Economics: Selected Essays of G. L. S. Shackle, (ed.) J. L. Ford, Aldershot: Edward Elgar. -- Silva, Sandra Tavares and Aurora A. C. Teixeira, (2009), 'On the Divergence of Evolutionary Research Paths in the Past 50 years: A Comprehensive Bibliometric Account', Journal of Evolutionary Economics, 19(5), October, 605-42. -- Simon, Herbert A. (1987), 'Making Management Decisions: The Role of Intutition and Emotion', Academy of Management Execitive, 1(11), 57-64. --
Simon Mohun and Roberto Veneziani (2010), 'Reorienting Economics?', Philosophy of the Social Sciences, XX (X), 1-20 and later, March (2012), 42, 126-45, doi: 10.1177/0048393110376218 506 -- David Colander, Hans Föllmer, Armin Haas, Michael Goldberg, Katarina Juselius, Alan Kirman, Thomas Lux and Brigitte Sloth (2008), 'The Financial Crisis and the Systemic Failure of Academic Economics', Kiel Working Paper, 1489, 1-17 -- Tony Lawson (2009), 'The Current Economic Crisis: Its Nature and the Course of Academic Economics', Cambridge Journal of Economics, 33 (4), 759-77 -- Timothy Besley and Peter Hennessy (2009), 'The Global Financial Crisis - Why Didn't Anybody Notice?', British Academy Review, 14, 8-10 -- Sheila C. Dow, Peter E. Earl, John Foster, Geoffrey C. Harcourt, Geoffrey M. Hodgson, J. Stanley Metcalfe, Paul Ormerod, Bridget Rosewell, Malcolm C. Sawyer and Andrew Tylecote (2009), 'Letter to the Queen, 10 August', 1-3 --
King, John E. (1996) An Alternative Macroeconomic Theory: The Kaleckiam Model and Post-Keynesian Economics, Boston, MA: Kluwer. -- Kirman, Alan P. (1983), 'Communication in Markets: A Suggested Approach', Economics Letters, 12, 101-8. -- Kirman, Alan P. (1989), 'The Intrinsic Limits of Modern Economic Theory: The Emperor Has No Clothes', Economic Journal (Conference Papers), 99, 126-139. -- Kirman, Alan P. (1987), 'Graph Theory' in John Eatwell, Murray Milgate and Peter Newman (eds) (1987), The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, London: Macmillan, 2, 558-9. -- Knight, Frank H. (1935), The Ethics of Competition and Other Essays, New York: Harper. -- Krugman, Paul R. (2009), 'How Did Economists Get It So Wrong?' New York Times,, 2 September. -- Kurz, Heinz D. and Neri Salvadori, (1995), Theory of Production: A Long-Period Analysis, Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press. --
Buchanan, James M. (1969), 'Is Economics the Science of Choice?', in Erich Streissler (ed.) (1969), Roads to Freedom: Essays in Honour of Friedrich A. von Hayek, London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 47-64. -- Bullard, James and Alison Butler (1993), 'Nonlinearity and Chaos in Economic Models: Implications for Policy Decisions', Economic Journal, 103(4), July, 849-67. -- Bush, Paul Dale (1983), 'An Exploration of the Structural Characteristics of a Veblen-Ayres-Foster Defined Institutional Domain', Journal of Economic Issues, 17(1), March, 35-66. -- Chatterjee, Amah and Bikas K. Chakrabati (eds) (2007), Econophysics of Markets and Business Networks, Berlin: Springer
Tony Lawson (2009), 'Contemporary Economics and the Crisis', Real-World Economics Review, 50, 122-31 -- David Colander, Hans Foellmer, Armin Haas, Alan Kirman, Katarina Juselius, Brigitte Sloth and Thomas Lux (2009) 'How Should the Collapse of the World Financial System Affect Economics?', Real-World Economics Review, 50, 118-21 -- Philip Mirowski (2010), 'The Great Mortification: Economists' Responses to the Crisis of 2007-(and counting)', Hedgehog Review, 12 (2), Summer, 28-41
Barnett, William A., John Geweke and Karl Shell (eds) (1989), Economic Complexity: Chaos, Sunspots, Bubbles and Nonlinearity, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. -- Baumol, William J. and Jess Benhabib (1989), 'Chaos, Significance, Mechanism, and Economic Applications', Journal of Economic Perspectives, 3(1), Winter, 77-105. -- Baumol, William J. and Stephen M. Goldfield, (eds) (1968), Precursors in Mathematical Economics: An Anthology, London: London School of Economics. -- Baumol, William J. and Richard E. Quandt (1985), 'Chaos Models and Their Implications for Forecasting', Eastern Economic Journal, 11(1), January-March, 3-15. -- Benacerraf, Paul and Hilary Putnam (eds) (1984), Philosophy of Mathematics: Selected Readings, Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press. -- Benhabib, Jess (ed.) (1992), Cycles and Chaos in Economic Equilibrium, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. --
Mäki, Uskali (2003), '"The Methodology of Positive Economics" (1953) Does not Give us the Methodology of Positive Economics', Journal of Economic Methodology, 10(4), December, 495-505. -- Malthus, Thomas Robert (1836), Principles of Political Economy: Considered with a View to Their Practical Application, 2nd edn., London: Pickering. -- Marshall, Alfred (1885), 'The Present Position of Economics', in Arthur C. Pigou (ed.) (1925), Memorials of Alfred Marshall, London: Macmillan), 152-74. -- Marshall, Alfred (1920), Principles of Economics: An Introductory Volume, 8th edn., London: Macmillan. -- McCloskey, Deirdre N. (1994), Knowledge and Persuasion in Economics, Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press
Lachmann, Ludwig M. (1977), Capital, Expectations and the Market Process, edited with an introduction by W. E. Grinder, KansasCity: Sheed Andrews and McMeel. -- Lawson, Tony (1997), Economics and Reality, London and New York: Routledge. -- Lawson, Tony (2006), 'The Nature of Heterodox Economics', Cambridge Journal of Economics, 30(4), July, 483-505. -- Leijonhufvud, Axel (1968), On Keynesian Economics and the Economics of Keynes: A Study in Monetary Theory, London: Oxford University Press. -- Leontief, Wassily W. (1982), Letter in Science, No. 217, 9 July, pp. 104, 107. -- Loasby, Brian J. (1976), Choice, Complexity and Ignorance: An Enquiry into Economic Theory and the Practice of Decision Making, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. -- Magnus, Jan R. and Mary S. Morgan (eds) (1999), Methodology and Tacit Knowledge: Two Experiments in Econometrics, New York and Chichester: John Wiley. --
Edgeworth, Francis Y. (1881), Mathematical Psychics: An Essay on the Application of Mathematics to the Moral Sciences, London: Kegan Paul. -- Ekelund, Robert B. Jr. and Robert F. Hébert, (2002), 'The Origins of Neoclassical Economics', Journal of Economic Perspectives, 16(3), Summer, 197-215. -- Fisher, Irving (1892), Mathematical Investigations in the Theory of Value and Prices, New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. -- Fisher, Irving (1898), 'Cournot and Mathematical Economics', Quarterly Journal of Economics, 12(2), January, 119-38. -- Frantz, Roger S. (2005), Two Minds: Intuition and Analysis in the History of Economic Thought, Berlin: Springer. -- Friedman, Milton (1953), 'The Methodology of Positive Economics', in M. Friedman, Essays in Positive Economics, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 3-43. -- Goodwin, Richard M. (1972), 'A Growth Cycle', in E. K. Hunt, and Jesse G. Schwartz, (eds) (1972), A Critique of Economic Theory, Harmondsworth: Penguin, 442-9. --
Stephen Enke (1955), 'More on the Misuse of Mathematics in Economics: A Rejoinder', Review of Economics and Statistics, XXXVII (2), May, 131-3 -- Wassily Leontief (1971), 'Theoretical Assumptions and Nonobserved Facts', American Economic Review, 61 (1), March, 1-7 -- Alan Coddington (1975), 'Creaking Semaphore and Beyond: A Consideration of Shackle's "Epistemics and Economics"', British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, 26 (2), June, 151-63 -- Alexander Rosenberg (1975), 'The Nomological Character of Microeconomics', Theory and Decision, 6 (1), 1-26 -- Herbert G. Grubel and Lawrence A. Boland (1986), 'On the Efficient Use of Mathematics in Economics: Some Theory, Facts and Results of an Opinion Survey', Kyklos, 39 (3), 419-42 -- Gerard Debreu (1986), 'Theoretic Models: Mathematical Form and Economic Content', Econometrica, 54 (6), November, 1259-70 -- Herbert A. Simon (1986), 'The Failure of Armchair Economics [Interview]', Challenge, 29 (5), November-December, 18-25 --
Gerard Debreu (1991), 'The Mathematization of Economic Theory', American Economic Review, 81 (1), March, 1-7 -- Anne O. Krueger (1991), 'Report of the Commission on Graduate Education in Economics', Journal of Economic Literature, XXIX (3), September, 1035-53 -- Alan S. Blinder (1990), 'Discussion', American Economic Review, 80 (2), May, 445 -- Frank Hahn (1991), 'The Next Hundred Years', Economic Journal, 101 (404), January, 47-50 -- Donald N. McCloskey (1991), 'Economics Science: A Search Through the Hyperspace of Assumptions?', Methodus, 3 (1), June, 6-16 -- Philip Mirowski (1991), 'The When, the How and the Why of Mathematical Expression in the History of Economic Analysis', Journal of Economic Perspectives, 5 (1), Winter, 145-57 -- E. Roy Weintraub and Philip Mirowski (1994), 'The Pure and the Applied: Bourbakism Comes to Mathematical Economics', Science in Context, 7 (2), Summer, 245-72 --
Tinbergen, Jan (1940b), 'On a Method of Statistical Business Cycle Research', Economic Journal, 50(1), No. 197, March, 141-154. -- Urmston, J. O. (1989), 'Deduction', in J. O. Urmston and Jonathan Rée (eds) (1989) The Concise Encyclopedia of Western Philosophy and Philosophers, London: Unwin Hyman, p. 70. -- Veblen, Thorstein B. (1900), 'The Preconceptions of Economic Science: III', Quarterly Journal of Economics, 14(2), February, 240-69. -- Veblen, Thorstein B. (1908), 'The Evolution of the Scientific Point of View', University of California Chronicle, 10(4), October, 395-416. -- Velupillai, Kumaraswamy (1996), 'The Computable Alternative in the Formalization of Economics: A Counterfactual Essay', Kyklos, 49, Fasc. 3, 251-72. -- Velupillai, Kumaraswamy (2000), Computable Economics, Oxford: Oxford University Press. -- Velupillai, Kumaraswamy (2005), 'The Unreasonable Ineffectiveness of Mathematics in Economics', Cambridge Journal of Economics, 29(6), November, 849-72. --
Colander, David C. (2005) 'The Making of an Economist Redux', Journal of Economic Perspectives, 19(1), Winter, 175-98. -- Cook, Simon J. (2009), The Intellectual Foundations of Alfred Marshall's Economic Science: A Rounded Globe of Knowledge, Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press. -- Cornwall, John and Wendy Cornwall (2001), Capitalist Development in the Twentieth Century: An Evolutionary-Keynesian Analysis, Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press. -- Cournot, Augustin (1838), Recherches sur les principes mathématiques de la théorie des richesses, Paris: Hachette. -- Davis, John B. (2006), 'The Turn in Economics: Neoclassical Dominance to Mainstream Pluralism?' Journal of Institutional Economics, 2(1), April, 1-20. -- Day, Richard H. (1983), 'The Emergence of Chaos from Classical Economic Growth', Quarterly Journal of Economics, 98, 201-12. -- Day, Richard H. and Wayne Shafer, (1985), 'Keynesian Chaos', Journal of Macroeconomics, 7, 277-95. --
Keynes, John Maynard (1973), The Collected Writings of John Maynard Keynes, Vol. XIV, The General Theory and After, Part II: Defence and Development, London: Macmillan
Hutchison, Terence W. (2000), On the Methodology of Economics and the Formalist Revolution, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar. -- Jaffé, William (1976), 'Menger, Jevons and Walras De-Homogenized', Economic Inquiry, 14(1), January, 511-24. -- Jevons, William Stanley (1871), The Theory of Political Economy, 1st ednn. London: Macmillan. -- Kauffman, Stuart A. (1995), At Home in the Universe: The Search for Laws of Self-Organization and Complexity, Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. -- Keynes, John Maynard (1936), The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money, London: Macmillan. -- Keynes, John Maynard (1939), 'Professor Tinbergen's Method', Economic Journal, 49(4), September, 558-68. -- Keynes, John Maynard (1940), 'On a Method of Statistical Business Cycle Research: A Comment', Economic Journal, 50(1), March, 154-6. -- Keynes, John Maynard (1972), The Collected Writings of John Maynard Keynes, Vol. X, Essays in Biography, London: Macmillan. --
Radzicki, Michael J. (2003), 'Mr. Hamilton, Mr. Forrester, and a Foundation for Evolutionary Economics', Journal of Economic Issues, 37(1), March, 133-73. -- Raffaelli, Tiziano (2003), Marshall's Evolutionary Economics, London and New York: Routledge
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