Public Expenditures on Social Programs and Household Consumption in China

This paper shows that increasing government social expenditures can make a substantive contribution to increasing household consumption in China. The paper first undertakes an empirical study of the relationship between the savings rate and social expenditures for a panel of OECD countries and provi...

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Main Author: Baldacci, Emanuele
Other Authors: Callegari, Giovanni, Coady, David, Ding, Ding
Format: eBook
Language:English
Published: Washington, D.C. International Monetary Fund 2010, 2010
Series:IMF Working Papers; Working Paper
Subjects:
Online Access:
Collection: International Monetary Fund - Collection details see MPG.ReNa
Summary:This paper shows that increasing government social expenditures can make a substantive contribution to increasing household consumption in China. The paper first undertakes an empirical study of the relationship between the savings rate and social expenditures for a panel of OECD countries and provides illustrative estimates of their implications for China. It then applies a generational accounting framework to Chinese household income survey data. This analysis suggests that a sustained 1 percent of GDP increase in public expenditures, distributed equally across education, health, and pensions, would result in a permanent increase the household consumption ratio of 1 1/4 percentage points of GDP.
Physical Description:28 p.
ISBN:9781451982138
1451982135