Stochastic transport in complex systems : from molecules to vehicles

The first part of the book provides a pedagogical introduction to the physics of complex systems driven far from equilibrium. In this part we discuss the basic concepts and theoretical techniques which are commonly used to study classical stochastic transport in systems of interacting driven particl...

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Main Author: Schadschneider, A.
Other Authors: Chowdhury, Debashish, Nishinari, Katsuhiro
Format: eBook
Language:English
Published: Amsterdam Elsevier ©2011, 2011
Subjects:
Online Access:
Collection: Elsevier ScienceDirect eBooks - Collection details see MPG.ReNa
Summary:The first part of the book provides a pedagogical introduction to the physics of complex systems driven far from equilibrium. In this part we discuss the basic concepts and theoretical techniques which are commonly used to study classical stochastic transport in systems of interacting driven particles. The analytical techniques include mean-field theories, matrix product ansatz, renormalization group, etc. and the numerical methods are mostly based on computer simulations. In the second part of the book these concepts and techniques are applied not only to vehicular traffic but also to transport and traffic-like phenomena in living systems ranging from collective movements of social insects (for example, ants) on trails to intracellular molecular motor transport. These demonstrate the conceptual unity of the fundamental principles underlying the apparent diversity of the systems and the utility of the theoretical toolbox of non-equilibrium statistical mechanics in interdisciplinary research far beyond the traditional disciplinary boundaries of physics
Physical Description:online resource (xx, 557 pages) illustrations
ISBN:9780444528537
9780080560526
0080560520
0444528539