Advanced Nuclear Systems Consuming Excess Plutonium

A survey of recent developments in the field of plutonium disposal by the application of advanced nuclear systems, both critical and subcritical. Current national R&D plans are summarized. The actinide-fuelled critical reactors are associated with control problems, since they tend to have a smal...

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Corporate Author: SpringerLink (Online service)
Other Authors: Merz, E.R. (Editor), Walter, Carl E. (Editor)
Format: eBook
Language:English
Published: Dordrecht Springer Netherlands 1997, 1997
Edition:1st ed. 1997
Series:Nato Science Partnership Subseries: 1, Disarmament Technologies
Subjects:
Online Access:
Collection: Springer Book Archives -2004 - Collection details see MPG.ReNa
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100 1 |a Merz, E.R.  |e [editor] 
245 0 0 |a Advanced Nuclear Systems Consuming Excess Plutonium  |h Elektronische Ressource  |c edited by E.R. Merz, Carl E. Walter 
246 3 1 |a Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop, Moscow, Russia, 13-16 October 1996 
250 |a 1st ed. 1997 
260 |a Dordrecht  |b Springer Netherlands  |c 1997, 1997 
300 |a XIII, 362 p  |b online resource 
505 0 |a 26. Problems of radiochemical reprocessing, related to Plutonium utilization -- 27. French Law on waste management research - General view on the partitioning program and current state of partitioning studies -- 28. Self-regulating processes in nuclear reactor -- SUMMARIES of the PAPERS PRESENTED at the WORKSHOP -- WORKSHOP SUMMARY and EVALUATION. 
505 0 |a 14. Advanced CANDU Systems for Plutonium destruction -- 15. Advanced systems for Plutonium utilization -- 16. Burning of weapon-grade Plutonium in WER and HTGR reactors -- 17. Utilization of excess Plutonium in molten salt reactors -- 18. Accelerator-driven systems - a new perspective on Fission Energy -- 19. On solving the fissionable Materials non-proliferation problem in the closed Uranium-Thorium cycle -- 20. Destruction of Plutonium and other nuclear waste materials using the accelerator-driven transmutation of waste concept -- 21. Environmental & safety problems in Plutonium utilization & power generation -- 22. Accelerator-driven transmutation system with liquid Lead cooling-Basic conditions, layout goals and results -- 23. Plutonium problem and one of the solution techniques -- 24. The utilitarian approach to the disposition of Plutonium -- 25. Neutron spectrum concerning ex-weapon plutonium degradation and Plutonium utilization in the future --  
505 0 |a 1. Introduction to the workshop -- 2. View on the problem of the Plutonium utilization in Russia -- 3. Safety aspects of advanced nuclear systems consuming Plutonium -- 4. Problems of excess Plutonium utilization in nuclear reactors -- 5. Recent neutron physics investigations on the incineration of Plutonium and other Transurania elements -- 6. The benefits of an advanced fast reactor fuel cycle for Plutonium management -- 7. Experience of SSC RF RINR on usage of Uranium-Plutonium oxide fuel in nuclear reactors -- 8. Energy source for the human demand -- 9. Plutonium-based nuclear power and nonproliferation -- 10. The cost of weapons Plutonium disposition through MOX utilisation in existing commercial LWRs -- 11. A realistic Plutonium elimination scheme with fast energy amplifiers and Thorium-Plutonium fuel -- 12. Weapons grade Plutonium destruction in the gas turbine modular helium reactor (GT-MHR) -- 13. Accelerator driven systems - some safety and fuel cycle considerations --  
653 |a Reliability 
653 |a Industrial safety 
653 |a Quality Control, Reliability, Safety and Risk 
653 |a Environmental management 
653 |a Waste management 
653 |a Nuclear Energy 
653 |a Quality control 
653 |a Environmental Management 
653 |a Waste Management/Waste Technology 
653 |a Nuclear energy 
700 1 |a Walter, Carl E.  |e [editor] 
710 2 |a SpringerLink (Online service) 
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490 0 |a Nato Science Partnership Subseries: 1, Disarmament Technologies 
856 |u https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-0860-0?nosfx=y  |x Verlag  |3 Volltext 
082 0 |a 333.7924 
520 |a A survey of recent developments in the field of plutonium disposal by the application of advanced nuclear systems, both critical and subcritical. Current national R&D plans are summarized. The actinide-fuelled critical reactors are associated with control problems, since they tend to have a small delayed neutron fraction coupled with a small Doppler effect and a positive void coefficient. Current thinking is turning to accelerator-driven subcritical systems for the transmutation of actinides. The book's conclusion is that the various systems proposed are technically feasible, even though not yet technically mature. The book presents a unique summary and evaluation of all relevant possibilities for burning surplus plutonium, presented by experts from a variety of different disciplines and interests, including the defence establishment. The obvious issue - the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons - is vital, but the matter represents a complex technological challenge that also requires an assessment in economic terms