Biomaterials An Introduction

This book is intended as a general introduction to the uses of artificial materials in the human body for the purposes of aiding healing, correcting deformities, and restoring lost function. It is an outgrowth of an undergraduate course for senior students in biomedical engineering, and it is offere...

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Main Authors: Lakes, Roderic S., Park, Joon B. (Author)
Corporate Author: SpringerLink (Online service)
Format: eBook
Language:English
Published: New York, NY Springer US 1992, 1992
Edition:2nd ed. 1992
Subjects:
Online Access:
Collection: Springer Book Archives -2004 - Collection details see MPG.ReNa
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245 0 0 |a Biomaterials  |h Elektronische Ressource  |b An Introduction  |c by Roderic S. Lakes, Joon B. Park 
250 |a 2nd ed. 1992 
260 |a New York, NY  |b Springer US  |c 1992, 1992 
300 |a XIII, 394 p. 250 illus  |b online resource 
505 0 |a Joints and Teeth -- 14.1. Joint Replacements -- 14.2. Dental Implants -- 14.3. Interface Problems in Orthopedic Implants -- Problems -- Definitions -- 15 • Transplants -- 15.1. Overview -- 15.2. Immunological Considerations -- 15.3. Blood Transfusions -- 15.4. Individual Organs -- 15.5. Regeneration -- 15.6. Ethical Considerations -- Problems -- Definitions -- References -- Appendixes -- Appendix I: Physical Constants and Conversions -- Appendix II: SI Units -- Appendix III: Common Prefixes -- Appendix IV: Properties of Selected Elements -- Appendix V: Properties of Selected Engineering Materials (20°C) -- Name Index 
505 0 |a 1 • Introduction to Biomaterials -- 1.1. Historical Background -- 1.2. Performance of Biomaterials -- Problems -- Symbols/Definitions -- 2 • The Structure of Solids -- 2.1. Atomic Bonding -- 2.2. Crystal Structure -- 2.3. Imperfections in Crystalline Structures -- 2.4. Long-Chain Molecular Compounds (Polymers) -- 2.5. Supercooled and Network Solids -- 2.6. Composite Material Structure -- Problems -- Symbols/ Definitions -- 3 • Characterization of Materials I -- 3.1. Mechanical Properties -- 3.2. Thermal Properties -- 3.3. Phase Diagrams -- 3.4. Strengthening by Heat Treatments -- 3.5. Surface Properties and Adhesion -- Problems -- Symbols/Definitions -- 4 • Characterization of Materials II -- 4.1. Electrical Properties -- 4.2. Optical Properties -- 4.3. X-Ray Absorption -- 4.4. Density and Porosity -- 4.5. Acoustic and Ultrasonic Properties -- 4.6. Diffusion Properties -- Problems -- Symbols/Definitions -- 5 • Metallic Implant Materials -- 5.1. Stainless Steels --  
505 0 |a 5.2. Co-Based Alloys -- 5.3. Ti and Ti-Based Alloys -- 5.4. Dental Metals -- 5.5. Other Metals -- 5.6. Corrosion of Metallic Implants -- Problems -- Symbols/Definitions -- 6 • Ceramic Implant Materials -- 6.1. Structure-Property Relationship of Ceramics -- 6.2. Aluminum Oxides -- 6.3. Calcium Phosphate -- 6.4. Glass-Ceramics -- 6.5. Other Ceramics -- 6.6. Carbons -- 6.7. Deterioration of Ceramics -- Problems -- Definitions -- 7 • Polymeric Implant Materials -- 7.1. Polymerization -- 7.2. Effect of Structural Modification and Temperature on Properties -- 7.3. Polymeric Implant Materials -- 7.4. High-Strength Thermoplastics -- 7.5. Deterioration of Polymers -- Problems -- Definitions -- 8 • Composites as Biomaterials -- 8.1. Structure -- 8.2. Mechanics of Composites -- 8.3. Applications of Composite Biomaterials -- Problems -- Symbols/ Definitions -- 9 • Structure-Property Relationships of Biological Materials -- 9.1. Proteins -- 9.2. Polysaccharides --  
505 0 |a Sutures, Skin, and Maxillofacial Implants -- 11.1. Sutures, Surgical Tapes, and Adhesives -- 11.2. Percutaneous and Skin Implants -- 11.3. Maxillofacial and Other Soft-Tissue Augmentation -- Problems -- Definitions -- 12 • Soft Tissue Replacement II: Blood-Interfacing Implants -- 12.1. Vascular Implants -- 12.2. Heart Valve Implants -- 12.3. Heart and Lung Assist Devices -- 12.4. Artificial Organs -- Problems -- Definitions -- 13 • Hard Tissue Replacement I: Long Bone Repair -- 13.1. Wires, Pins, and Screws -- 13.2. Fracture Plates -- 13.3. Intramedullary Devices -- 13.4. Spinal Fixation Devices -- 13.5. Fracture Healing by Electrical and Electromagnetic Stimulation --  
653 |a Cell biology 
653 |a Biomedical Engineering and Bioengineering 
653 |a Biomedical engineering 
653 |a Biomaterials 
653 |a Materials science 
653 |a Characterization and Evaluation of Materials 
653 |a Cell Biology 
653 |a Biomaterials 
700 1 |a Park, Joon B.  |e [author] 
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082 0 |a 620.11 
520 |a This book is intended as a general introduction to the uses of artificial materials in the human body for the purposes of aiding healing, correcting deformities, and restoring lost function. It is an outgrowth of an undergraduate course for senior students in biomedical engineering, and it is offered as a text to be used in such courses. Topics include biocompatibility, techniques to minimize cor­ rosion or other degradation of implant materials, principles of materials science as it relates to the use of materials in the body, and specific uses of materials in various tissues and organs. It is expected that the student will have successively completed elementary courses in the mechanics of deformable bodies and in anatomy and physiology, and preferably also an introductory course in materials science prior to undertaking a course in biomaterials. Many quantitative examples are included as exercises for the engineering student. We recognize that many of these involve unrealistic simplifications and are limited to simple mechanical or chemical aspects of the implant problem. We offer as an apology the fact that biomaterials engineering is still to a great extent an empirical discipline that is complicated by many unknowns associated with the human body. In recognition of that fact, we have endeavored to describe both the successes and the failures in the use of materials in the human body. Also included are many photographs and illustrations of implants and devices as an aid to visualization