Daniel Webster

Daniel Webster Daniel Webster (January 18, 1782 – October 24, 1852) was an American lawyer and statesman who represented New Hampshire and Massachusetts in the U.S. Congress and served as the U.S. Secretary of State under Presidents William Henry Harrison, John Tyler, and Millard Fillmore. He was one of the most prominent American lawyers of the 19th century, and argued over 200 cases before the U.S. Supreme Court between 1814 and his death in 1852. Throughout his career, he was a member of the Federalist Party, the National Republican Party, and the Whig Party.

Born in New Hampshire in 1782, Webster established a successful legal practice in Portsmouth, New Hampshire after undergoing a legal apprenticeship. He emerged as a prominent opponent of the War of 1812 and won election to the United States House of Representatives, where he served as a leader of the Federalist Party. Webster left office after two terms and relocated to Boston, Massachusetts. He became a leading attorney before the Supreme Court of the United States, winning cases such as ''Dartmouth College v. Woodward'', ''McCulloch v. Maryland'', and ''Gibbons v. Ogden''. Webster returned to the House in 1823 and became a key supporter of President John Quincy Adams. He won election to the United States Senate in 1827 and worked with Henry Clay to build the National Republican Party in support of Adams.

After Andrew Jackson defeated Adams in the 1828 presidential election, Webster became a leading opponent of Jackson's domestic policies. He strongly objected to the theory of nullification espoused by John C. Calhoun, and his ''Second Reply to Hayne'' speech is widely regarded as one of the greatest speeches ever delivered in Congress. Webster supported Jackson's defiant response to the Nullification Crisis, but broke with the president due to disagreements over the Second Bank of the United States. Webster joined with other Jackson opponents in forming the Whig Party, and unsuccessfully ran in the 1836 presidential election. He supported Harrison in the 1840 presidential election and was appointed secretary of state after Harrison took office. Unlike the other members of Harrison's Cabinet, he continued to serve under President Tyler after Tyler broke with congressional Whigs. As secretary of state, Webster negotiated the Webster–Ashburton Treaty, which settled border disputes with Britain.

Webster returned to the Senate in 1845 and resumed his status as a leading congressional Whig. During the Mexican–American War, he emerged as a leader of the "Cotton Whigs," a faction of Northern Whigs that emphasized good relations with the South over anti-slavery policies. In 1850, President Fillmore appointed Webster as secretary of state, and Webster contributed to the passage of the Compromise of 1850, which settled several territorial issues and enacted a new fugitive slave law. The Compromise proved unpopular in much of the North and undermined Webster's standing in his home state. Webster sought the Whig nomination in the 1852 presidential election, but a split between supporters of Fillmore and Webster led to the nomination of General Winfield Scott. Webster is widely regarded as an important and talented attorney, orator, and politician, but historians and observers have offered mixed opinions on his moral qualities and ability as a national leader. Provided by Wikipedia

1
by Webster, Daniel
Published 1854
W.M. Hayward
Subjects: '; ...Webster, Daniel / 1782-1852...

2
by Webster, Daniel
Published 1821
Printed by order of the Convention [by] Russell and Gardner

3
by Webster, Daniel
Published 1882
A.F. & C.W. Lewis
Subjects: '; ...Webster, Daniel / 1782-1852...

4
by Webster, Daniel
Published 1851
C.C. Little and J. Brown

5
by Webster, Daniel
Published 1855
Dartmouth Press

6
by Webster, Daniel
Published 1882
A. Williams

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by Webster, Daniel
Published 1821
Wells and Lilly

8
by Webster, Daniel
Published 1832
Stimpson & Clapp

10
by Webster, Daniel
Published 1824
Wells and Lilly

12
by Webster, Daniel
Published 1848
Harper & Bros

13
by Webster, Daniel
Published 1903
Little, Brown
Subjects: '; ...Webster, Daniel / 1782-1852...

17
by Webster, Daniel
Published 1825
Cummings, Hilliard

18
by Webster, Daniel
Published 1821
Wells and Lilly

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by Webster, Daniel
Published 1824
Cummings, Hilliard