William Shakespeare

William Shakespeare ( 26 see § Early life below.}} April 1564 – 23 April 1616)}} was an English playwright, poet and actor. He is widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world's pre-eminent dramatist. He is often called England's national poet and the "Bard of Avon" (or simply "the Bard"). His extant works, including collaborations, consist of some 39 plays, 154 sonnets, three long narrative poems, and a few other verses, some of uncertain authorship. His plays have been translated into every major living language and are performed more often than those of any other playwright. Shakespeare remains arguably the most influential writer in the English language, and his works continue to be studied and reinterpreted.

Shakespeare was born and raised in Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire. At the age of 18, he married Anne Hathaway, with whom he had three children: Susanna, and twins Hamnet and Judith. Sometime between 1585 and 1592, he began a successful career in London as an actor, writer, and part-owner ("sharer") of a playing company called the Lord Chamberlain's Men, later known as the King's Men after the ascension of King James VI of Scotland to the English throne. At age 49 (around 1613), he appears to have retired to Stratford, where he died three years later. Few records of Shakespeare's private life survive; this has stimulated considerable speculation about such matters as his physical appearance, his sexuality, his religious beliefs, and even certain fringe theories as to whether the works attributed to him were written by others.

Shakespeare produced most of his known works between 1589 and 1613. His early plays were primarily comedies and histories and are regarded as some of the best works produced in these genres. He then wrote mainly tragedies until 1608, among them ''Hamlet'', ''Romeo and Juliet'', ''Othello'', ''King Lear'', and ''Macbeth'', all considered to be among the finest works in the English language. In the last phase of his life, he wrote tragicomedies (also known as romances) and collaborated with other playwrights.

Many of Shakespeare's plays were published in editions of varying quality and accuracy during his lifetime. However, in 1623, John Heminges and Henry Condell, two fellow actors and friends of Shakespeare's, published a more definitive text known as the First Folio, a posthumous collected edition of Shakespeare's dramatic works that includes 36 of his plays. Its Preface was a prescient poem by Ben Jonson, a former rival of Shakespeare, that hailed Shakespeare with the now famous epithet: "not of an age, but for all time". Provided by Wikipedia

by Shakespeare, William
Published 1765
printed for J. and R. Tonson, H. Woodfall, J. Rivington, R. Baldwin, L. Hawes, Clark and Collins, T. Longman, W. Johnston, T. Caslon, C. Corbet, T. Lownds, and the Executors of B. Dodd

by Shakespeare, William
Published 1780
printed for Harrison and Co. No 18, Paternoster-Row; and sold, likewise, by J. Wenman, Fleet-Street; and all other booksellers

by Shakespeare, William
Published 1800
printed for G. Kearsley, F. & C. Rivington, J. Walker, Scatchard & Co. Lackington Allen & Co. T. Hurst, & B. Crosby

by Shakespeare, William
Published 1734
printed by R. Walker, at Shakespear's-Head, in Turn-Again Lane, by the Ditch-Side

by Shakespeare, William
Published 1750
printed for J. Exshaw, at the Bible on Cork-Hill, and, S. Price, opposite Crane-Lane in Dame-Street, Booksellers

by Shakespeare, William
Published 1714
printed for J. Tonson: and are to be sold by J. Knapton and D. Midwinter, A. Betsworth [sic], W. Taylor, T. Varnam and J. Osborn, and J. Browne

by Shakespeare, William
Published 1771
printed by Alexander Donaldson. Sold at his shop, No. 48, East corner of St. Paul's Church-Yard, London; and at Edinburgh

by Shakespeare, William
Published 1721
re-printed by George Grierson, at the Two Bibles, in Essex-Street

by Shakespeare, William
Published 1776
printed and sold by H. Whitworth, No. 3, Play-House-Yard, Black-Friars, where Letter-Press and Copper-Plate Printing are carried on with the utmost Dispatch, on the most reasonable Terms

by Shakespeare, William
Published 1778
printed, and sold by D. Brown , No. 6, Catherine-Street, Strand ; and all the booksellers in town and country

by Shakespeare, William
Published 1735
printed by R. Walker , at Shakespear's Head in Turn-Again-Lane, by the Ditch-Side ; and may be had at his shop, the Sign of Shakespear's-Head, in Change-Alley, Cornhill