Benjamin Rush

Portrait by [[Charles Willson Peale]], ''circa'' 1818 Benjamin Rush (April 19, 1813) was a signer of the United States Declaration of Independence and a civic leader in Philadelphia, where he was a physician, politician, social reformer, humanitarian, and educator and the founder of Dickinson College. Rush attended the Continental Congress. His later self-description there was: "He aimed right." He served as Surgeon General of the Continental Army and became a professor of chemistry, medical theory, and clinical practice at the University of Pennsylvania.

Rush was a leader of the American Enlightenment and an enthusiastic supporter of the American Revolution. He was a leader in Pennsylvania's ratification of the Constitution in 1788. He was prominent in many reforms, especially in the areas of medicine and education. He opposed slavery, advocated free public schools, and sought improved education for women and a more enlightened penal system. As a leading physician, Rush had a major impact on the emerging medical profession. As an Enlightenment intellectual, he was committed to organizing all medical knowledge around explanatory theories, rather than rely on empirical methods. Rush argued that illness was the result of imbalances in the body's physical system and was caused by malfunctions in the brain. His approach prepared the way for later medical research, but Rush himself undertook none of it. He promoted public health by advocating clean environment and stressing the importance of personal and military hygiene. His study of mental disorder made him one of the founders of American psychiatry. In 1965 the American Psychiatric Association recognized Rush as the "father of American psychiatry". Provided by Wikipedia

1
by Rush, Benjamin
Published 1773
Printed by John Dunlap

3
by Rush, Benjamin
Published 1799
Printed by Budd and Bartram, for Thomas Dobson, at the stone house, no 41, South Second Street

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by Rush, Benjamin
Published 1773
Printed by James Humphreys, Junior, in Front-Street

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by Rush, Benjamin
Published 1784
Printed by Hall and Sellers

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by Rush, Benjamin
Published 1786
Printed by Melchior Steiner, in Race-Street, between Second-and Third-Streets

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by Rush, Benjamin
Published 1790
by Thomas and Andrews. At Faust's Statue, no. 45, Newbury Street

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by Rush, Benjamin
Published 1793
Philadelphia printed: London reprinted: and sold by J. Johnson, St. Paul's Church Yard, and J. Phillips, George Yard, Lombard Street

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by Rush, Benjamin
Published 1794
Philadelphia, printed. London, reprinted for C. Dilly, in the Poultry

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by Rush, Benjamin
Published 1768
apud Balfour, Auld, et Smellie, Academiae Typographos

11
by Rush, Benjamin
Published 1792
Philadelphia printed: London reprinted: by J. Phillips, George-Yard, Lombard-Street

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by Rush, Benjamin
Published 1787
Philadelphia, printed: London, reprinted for C. Dilly

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by Rush, Benjamin
Published 1786
Philadelphia, printed: London, reprinted; for C. Dilly, in the Poultry

15
by Rush, Benjamin
Published 1789
Philadelphia, printed. London, reprinted for C. Dilly, in the Poultry

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by Rush, Benjamin
Published 1772
printed for Edward and Charles Dilly, in the Poultry

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by Rush, Benjamin
Published 1796
printed by John Moir, Paterson's Court. for J. Symington, Bookseller, Royal Exchange

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by Rush, Benjamin
Published 1770
Printed for T. Cadell, and D. Wilson and G. Nicoll, in the Strand; and J. Johnson, Numb. 72, in St. Paul's Chruch Yard