Benjamin Rush

Portrait by [[Charles Willson Peale]], ''circa'' 1818 Benjamin Rush ( – April 19, 1813) was a signer of the Declaration of Independence (U.S.) and a civic leader in Philadelphia, where he was a physician, politician, social reformer, humanitarian, and educator as well as the founder of Dickinson College. Rush attended the Continental Congress. His later self-description there was: "He aimed right." He served as Surgeon General of the Continental Army and became a professor of chemistry, medical theory, and clinical practice at the University of Pennsylvania.

Rush was a leader of the American Enlightenment and an enthusiastic supporter of the American Revolution. He was a leader in Pennsylvania's ratification of the Constitution in 1788. He was prominent in many reforms, especially in the areas of medicine and education. He opposed slavery, advocated free public schools, and sought improved education for women and a more enlightened penal system. As a leading physician, Rush had a major impact on the emerging medical profession. As an Enlightenment intellectual, he was committed to organizing all medical knowledge around explanatory theories, rather than rely on empirical methods. Rush argued that illness was the result of imbalances in the body's physical system and was caused by malfunctions in the brain. His approach prepared the way for later medical research, but Rush himself undertook none of it. He promoted public health by advocating clean environment and stressing the importance of personal and military hygiene. His study of mental disorder made him one of the founders of American psychiatry. Provided by Wikipedia

by Rush, Benjamin
Published 1789
Philadelphia, printed. London, reprinted for C. Dilly, in the Poultry

by Rush, Benjamin
Published 1770
Printed for T. Cadell, and D. Wilson and G. Nicoll, in the Strand; and J. Johnson, Numb. 72, in St. Paul's Chruch Yard

by Rush, Benjamin
Published 1781
Printed by Charles Cist, in Market-Street

by Rush, Benjamin
Published 1794
Printed by Thomas Dobson, at the stone-house, no 41, South Second-Street

by Rush, Benjamin
Published 1793
Printed by T. Dobson, at the stone-house, no. 41, South Second-Street

by Rush, Benjamin
Published 1787
Printed by Joseph James, in Chesnut-Street
Other Authors: '; ...Rush, Benjamin...

by Rush, Benjamin
Published 1773
Philadelphia: printed. Boston: re-printed by John Boyles, for John Langdon, opposite the post-office in Cornhill

by Rush, Benjamin
Published 1785
Printed by Hall and Sellers

by Rush, Benjamin
Published 1797
Printed by Thomas Dobson, at the stone-house, no[.] 41, South Second-Street

by Rush, Benjamin
Published 1792
Printed and sold by Parry Hall, no. 149, Chesnut Street, near Fourth Street

by Rush, Benjamin
Published 1789
Printed and sold by Prichard & Hall, in Market Street near Front Street

by Rush, Benjamin
Published 1799
Printed by Budd and Bartram, for Thomas Dobson, at the stone house, no[.] 41, South Second Street

by Rush, Benjamin
Published 1772
Printed by John Dunlap, in Market-Street

by Rush, Benjamin
Published 1790
by Thomas and Andrews. At Faust's Statue, no. 45, Newbury Street

by Rush, Benjamin
Published 1796
printed by John Moir, Paterson's Court. for J. Symington, Bookseller, Royal Exchange