Protestantism

Door displaying the ''[[Ninety-five Theses Protestantism is the second-largest form of Christianity with a total of 800 million to 1 billion adherents worldwide or about 37% of all Christians. while a report by Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary – 961,961,000 (with inclusion of independents as defined in this article) in mid-2015.}} It originated with the 16th century Reformation, a movement against what its followers perceived to be errors in the Catholic Church. Protestants reject the Roman Catholic doctrine of papal supremacy and sacraments, but disagree among themselves regarding the real presence of Christ in the Eucharist and matters of church polity and apostolic succession. They emphasize the priesthood of all believers, justification by faith alone (') rather than also by good works, and the highest authority of the Bible alone (rather than also with sacred tradition) in faith and morals ('). The "five solae" summarise basic theological differences in opposition to the Catholic Church.

Protestantism began in Germany.}} in 1517, when Martin Luther published his ''Ninety-five Theses'' as a reaction against abuses in the sale of indulgences by the Catholic Church, which purported to offer the remission of the temporal punishment of sins to their purchasers. The term, however, derives from the letter of protestation from German Lutheran princes in 1529 against an edict of the Diet of Speyer condemning the teachings of Martin Luther as heretical. Although there were earlier breaks and attempts to reform the Catholic Church—notably by Peter Waldo, John Wycliffe, and Jan Hus—only Luther succeeded in sparking a wider, lasting, and modern movement. In the 16th century, Lutheranism spread from Germany into Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Latvia, Estonia, and Iceland. Reformed (or Calvinist) denominations spread in Germany, Hungary, the Netherlands, Scotland, Switzerland and France by Protestant Reformers such as John Calvin, Huldrych Zwingli, and John Knox. The political separation of the Church of England from the pope under King Henry VIII began Anglicanism, bringing England and Wales into this broad Reformation movement.

Protestants have developed their own culture, with major contributions in education, the humanities and sciences, the political and social order, the economy and the arts, and many other fields. Protestantism is diverse, being more divided theologically and ecclesiastically than the Catholic Church, the Eastern Orthodox Church, or Oriental Orthodoxy. Without structural unity or central human authority, Protestants developed the concept of an invisible church, in contrast to the Catholic, the Eastern Orthodox Church, the Oriental Orthodox Churches, the Assyrian Church of the East and the Ancient Church of the East, which all understand themselves as the one and only original church—the one true church—founded by Jesus Christ. Some denominations do have a worldwide scope and distribution of membership, while others are confined to a single country. A majority of Protestants are members of a handful of Protestant denominational families: Adventists, Anabaptists, Anglicans, Baptists, Calvinist/Reformed, It includes Presbyterianism, Congregationalism, many of United and uniting churches, as well as historic Reformed churches in France, Switzerland, Germany, and Hungary.}} Lutherans, Methodists, and Pentecostals. Nondenominational, Charismatic, Evangelical, Independent, and other churches are on the rise, and constitute a significant part of Protestantism. Proponents of the branch theory consider Protestantism one of the four major divisions of Christianity, together with the Catholic Church, the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Oriental Orthodox Churches. Provided by Wikipedia

1
by Protestant
Published 1730
Printed by S. Hyde in Dame-street
Subjects: '; ...Protestant churches / Catechisms / Early works to 1800...

2
by Protestant
Published 1792
printed by White, 20, Dame-Street
Subjects: '; ...Protestants / Ireland / Early works to 1800...

4
by Protestant
Published 1749
printed by J. Oliver; and sold by B. Dod, bookseller to the Society for promoting Christian knowledge, at the Bible and Key in Ave-Mary Lane, near Stationers Hall
Subjects: '; ...Protestantism / Apologetic works / Early works to 1800...

5
by Protestant
Published 1714
printed for John Clark, at the Bible and Crown in the Old Change, near St. Paul's

6
by Protestant
Published 1723
printed by William Brown and company. And sold by the said William Brown, at his Shop in the Parliament-Close

7
by Protestant
Published 1734
printed by and for S. Hide in Dame-Street

8
by Protestant
Published 1728
printed for John Clark and Richard Hett, at the Bible and Crown in the Poultry

10
by Protestant
Published 1769
printed for T. Field and Co. in Leadenhall-Street, booksellers to the Society for promoting religious knowledge among the poor

11
by Protestant
Published 1735
printed for M. Downing in Bartholomew-Close, near West-Smithfield
Subjects: '; ...Protestantism / Apologetic works / Early works to 1800...

12
by Protestant
Published 1792
Sold by White, 80, Dame-Street
Subjects: '; ...Protestants / Ireland / Early works to 1800...

14
by Protestant
Published 1778
Printed for W. and H. Whitestone, No. 29, Caple-Street

15
by Protestant
Published 1730
Printed by and for S. Hyde in Dame-Street

16
by Protestant
Published 1780
Printed for T. Field, in Leadenhall-Street, bookseller to the Society for Promoting Religious Knowledge among the Poor

17
by Protestant
Published 1714
Printed for Mrs. Ogston, in the Parliament-closs

19
by Protestant
Published 1775
Printed for John Colles, No 65, Dame-Street, corner of Temple-Lane

20
by Protestant
Published 1714
Re-printed by Dan. Tompson in Cole's Alley, Castle-street