Merchant

Merchants from Holland and the Middle East trading. A merchant is a person who trades in commodities produced by other people. Historically, a merchant is anyone who is involved in business or trade. Merchants have operated for as long as industry, commerce, and trade have existed. In 16th-century Europe, two different terms for merchants emerged: ''meerseniers'' referred to local traders (such as bakers and grocers) and ''koopman'' () referred to merchants who operated on a global stage, importing and exporting goods over vast distances and offering added-value services such as credit and finance.

The status of the merchant has varied during different periods of history and among different societies. In ancient Rome and Greece merchants could become wealthy, but lacked high social status. In contrast, in the Middle East, where markets were an integral part of the city, merchants enjoyed high status. In modern times, the term ''merchant'' has occasionally been used to refer to a businessperson or someone undertaking activities (commercial or industrial) for the purpose of generating profit, cash flow, sales, and revenue utilizing a combination of human, financial, intellectual and physical capital with a view to fueling economic development and growth.

Merchants have been known for as long as humans have engaged in trade and commerce. Merchants and merchant networks operated in ancient Babylonia and Assyria, China, Egypt, Greece, India, Persia, Phoenicia, and Rome. During the European medieval period, a rapid expansion in trade and commerce led to the rise of a wealthy and powerful merchant class. The European age of discovery opened up new trading routes and gave European consumers access to a much broader range of goods. From the 1600s, goods began to travel much further distances as they found their way into geographically dispersed market-places. Following the opening of Asia to European trade and the discovery of the New World, merchants imported goods over very long distances: calico cloth from India, porcelain, silk and tea from China, spices from India and South-East Asia and tobacco, sugar, rum and coffee from the New World. By the eighteenth century, a new type of manufacturer-merchant had started to emerge and modern business practices were becoming evident. Provided by Wikipedia

1
by Merchant
Published 1800
printed by J. F. Foot, No. 3, Spread-Eagle Court, Finch Lane, Cornhill; and sold by J. S. Jordan, Fleet Street

2
by Merchant
Published 1748
printed in the year

3
by Merchant
Published 1768
printed by John Exshaw, in Dame-Street

6
by Merchant
Published 1749
printed in the year

7
by Merchant
Published 1717
s.n

11
by Merchant
Published 1745
Printed by James Esdall, at the Corner of Copper-Alley on Cork-Hill

12
by Merchant
Published 1748
Dublin printed: London reprinted, for J. Robinson at the Golden Lion in Ludgate-Street

13
by Merchant
Published 1720
printed for J. Roberts in Warwick-Lane
Subjects: '; ...Company of Merchants of England Trading to the Levant...

14
by Merchant
Published 1787
printed and sold by M. Haydon and Son; sold also by R. Trewman, Exeter; R. Goadby and Co. Sherborne; T. Lockett, Dorchester; B. Law, Ave-Maria-Lane, R. Faulder, New-Bond-Street, and Mount and Page, Tower-Hill, London

15
by Merchant
Published 1769
printed by R. Hett; and sold by T. Cadell, in the Strand; and J. Buckland, in Pater-Noster-Row

18
by Merchant
Published 1837
S. Highly

19
by Merchant
Published 1841
W.E. Painter

20
by Merchant
Published 1830
Printed for T. and G. Underwood