Massachusetts

The [[Mayflower wild turkey | Fish = Cod | Flower = Mayflower | Insect = Ladybug | Mammal = Right whale, Morgan horse, Tabby cat, Boston Terrier | Reptile = Garter snake | Tree = American elm | Beverage = Cranberry juice | Colors = Blue, green, cranberry | Dance = Square dance | Food = Cranberry, corn muffin, navy bean, Boston cream pie, chocolate chip cookie, Boston cream doughnut | Fossil = Dinosaur Tracks | Gemstone = Rhodonite | Mineral = Babingtonite | Poem = [http://www.masshome.com/mapoem.html "Blue Hills of Massachusetts"] | Rock = Roxbury Puddingstone | Shell = New England Neptune, ''Neptunea lyrata decemcostata'' | Ships = ''Schooner Ernestina'' | Slogan = ''Make It Yours'',
''The Spirit of America'' | Soil = Paxton | Sport = Basketball | Route Marker = MA Route 28.svg | Quarter = 2000 MA Proof.png | QuarterReleaseDate = 2000 }}

Massachusetts (, ), officially known as the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is the most populous state in the New England region of the northeastern United States. It borders on the Atlantic Ocean to the east, the states of Connecticut and Rhode Island to the south, New Hampshire and Vermont to the north, and New York to the west. The state is named after the Massachusett tribe, which once inhabited the east side of the area, and is one of the original thirteen states. The capital of Massachusetts is Boston, which is also the most populous city in New England. Over 80% of the population of Massachusetts lives in the Greater Boston metropolitan area, a region influential upon American history, academia, and industry. Originally dependent on agriculture, fishing and trade, Massachusetts was transformed into a manufacturing center during the Industrial Revolution. During the 20th century, Massachusetts's economy shifted from manufacturing to services. Modern Massachusetts is a global leader in biotechnology, engineering, higher education, finance, and maritime trade.

Plymouth was the site of the second colony in New England after Popham Colony in 1607 in what is now Maine. Plymouth was founded in 1620 by the Pilgrims, passengers of the ''Mayflower''. In 1692, the town of Salem and surrounding areas experienced one of America's most infamous cases of mass hysteria, the Salem witch trials. In 1777, General Henry Knox founded the Springfield Armory, which during the Industrial Revolution catalyzed numerous important technological advances, including interchangeable parts. In 1786, Shays' Rebellion, a populist revolt led by disaffected American Revolutionary War veterans, influenced the United States Constitutional Convention. In the 18th century, the Protestant First Great Awakening, which swept the Atlantic World, originated from the pulpit of Northampton preacher Jonathan Edwards. In the late 18th century, Boston became known as the "Cradle of Liberty" for the agitation there that led to the American Revolution.

The entire Commonwealth of Massachusetts has played a powerful commercial and cultural role in the history of the United States. Before the American Civil War, Massachusetts was a center for the abolitionist, temperance, and transcendentalist movements. In the late 19th century, the sports of basketball and volleyball were invented in the western Massachusetts cities of Springfield and Holyoke, respectively. In 2004, Massachusetts became the first U.S. state to legally recognize same-sex marriage as a result of the decision in ''Goodridge v. Department of Public Health'' by the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court. Many prominent American political dynasties have hailed from the state, including the Adams and Kennedy families. Harvard University in Cambridge is the oldest institution of higher learning in the United States, with the largest financial endowment of any university, and Harvard Law School has educated a contemporaneous majority of Justices of the Supreme Court of the United States. Kendall Square in Cambridge has been called "the most innovative square mile on the planet", in reference to the high concentration of entrepreneurial start-ups and quality of innovation which have emerged in the vicinity of the square since 2010. Both Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, also in Cambridge, have been ranked among the most highly regarded academic institutions in the world. Massachusetts' public-school students place among the top tier in the world in academic performance, and the state has been ranked as one of the top states in the United States for citizens to live in, as well as one of the most expensive. Provided by Wikipedia

1
by Massachusetts
Published 1905
Geo. H. Ellis Co., Printers
Subjects: '; ...Judges / Massachusetts / Biography...

2
by Farmer of Massachusetts
Published 1792
By Isaiah Thomas & Leonard Worcester, for Isaiah Thomas. Sold at his bookstore in Worcester, and by said Thomas, and Andrews, in Boston

4
by Citizen of Massachusetts
Published 1882
James Campbell

5
by Massachusetts man
Published 1836
Printed by Perkins & Marvin

6
by Citizen of Massachusetts
Published 1837
Printed for the author

7
by Massachusetts farmer
Published 1813
s.n

8
by Member of the Massachusetts Bar
Published 1870
S. Walker

9
by Chitty, Joseph
Published 1827
Wells and Lilly
Other Authors: '; ...Member of the Massachusetts Bar...

10
Published 1786
Printed by Adams and Nourse, printers to the Honorable General Court
Subjects: '; ...Massachusetts / Militia...

11
by Bell, Charles Upham
Published 1890
The Commonwealth
Subjects: '; ...Massachusetts / Constitution...

12
Published 1897
Wright & Potter Printing Co
Subjects: '; ...Law / Massachusetts...

13
by Kellen, William Vail
Published 1888
Wright & Potter Printing Co., state printers
Subjects: '; ...Massachusetts / Laws, etc. (Compiled statutes : 1882) / Indexes...

14
Published 1778
Printed by J. Gill, in Court-Street
Subjects: '; ...Massachusetts / Militia...

15
Published 1724
Printed by John Baskett
Subjects: '; ...Massachusetts / Charters / Early works to 1800...

16
Published 1814
Printed and published by T.B. Wait and Co
...Massachusetts...

17
by Spalding, Warren Foster
Published 1908
Massachusetts Prison Association
...Massachusetts Prison Association...

18
by Chitty, Joseph
Published 1831
J. Grigg
Other Authors: '; ...Member of the Massachusetts Bar...

19
by Allen, Charles
Published 1882
Rand, Avery, & Company, Printers to the Commonwealth
Subjects: '; ...Law / Massachusetts...

20
by Fairbanks, Lorenzo Sayles
Published 1882
Soule & Bugbee
Subjects: '; ...Divorce / Massachusetts...