Martin Luther

''Martin Luther'' (1529) by [[Lucas Cranach the Elder]] Martin Luther, , (; ; 10 November 1483 – 18 February 1546) was a German professor of theology, composer, priest, monk, and a seminal figure in the Protestant Reformation.

Luther was ordained to the priesthood in 1507. He came to reject several teachings and practices of the Roman Catholic Church; in particular, he disputed the view on indulgences. Luther proposed an academic discussion of the practice and efficacy of indulgences in his ''Ninety-five Theses'' of 1517. His refusal to renounce all of his writings at the demand of Pope Leo X in 1520 and the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V at the Diet of Worms in 1521 resulted in his excommunication by the pope and condemnation as an outlaw by the Holy Roman Emperor.

Luther taught that salvation and, consequently, eternal life are not earned by good deeds but are received only as the free gift of God's grace through the believer's faith in Jesus Christ as redeemer from sin. His theology challenged the authority and office of the Pope by teaching that the Bible is the only source of divinely revealed knowledge, and opposed sacerdotalism by considering all baptized Christians to be a holy priesthood. Those who identify with these, and all of Luther's wider teachings, are called Lutherans, though Luther insisted on ''Christian'' or ''Evangelical'' (German: ''evangelisch'') as the only acceptable names for individuals who professed Christ.

His translation of the Bible into the German vernacular (instead of Latin) made it more accessible to the laity, an event that had a tremendous impact on both the church and German culture. It fostered the development of a standard version of the German language, added several principles to the art of translation, and influenced the writing of an English translation, the Tyndale Bible. His hymns influenced the development of singing in Protestant churches. His marriage to Katharina von Bora, a former nun, set a model for the practice of clerical marriage, allowing Protestant clergy to marry.

In two of his later works, Luther expressed antagonistic views towards Jews. His rhetoric was not directed at Jews alone, but also towards Roman Catholics, Anabaptists, and nontrinitarian Christians. Luther died in 1546 with Pope Leo X's excommunication still effective. Provided by Wikipedia

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by Luther, Martin
Project Gutenberg

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by Luther, Martin
Published 1783
Gedruckt bey Melchior Steiner, in der Rees-Strasse, nahe bey der Dritten-Strasse

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by Luther, Martin
Published 1759
Gedruckt und zu finden bey Christoph Saur
Subjects: '; ...Luther, Martin / 1483-1546 / Portraits...

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by Luther, Martin
Published 1747
Printed by S. Powell in Crane-lane, for J. Torbuck, bookseller and auctioneer, over-against the Bagnio in Essex-street; and sold by the printer hereof

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by Luther, Martin
Published 1749
Printed and sold by William Gray at Magdalen's Chapel, within the Cowgate-head
Subjects: '; ...Luther, Martin / 1483-1546...

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by Luther, Martin
Published 1796
printed and sold by Jones and Crane; and may be had of all booksellers in Great-Britain and Ireland

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by Luther, Martin
Published 1770
Gedruckt und zu finden bey Christoph Saur
Subjects: '; ...Luther, Martin / 1483-1546 / Portraits...

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by Luther, Martin
Published 1777
Gedruckt und zu finden bey Christoph Saur
Subjects: '; ...Luther, Martin / 1483-1546 / Portraits...

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by Luther, Martin
Published 1760
printed and sold by M. Lewis, in Paternoster-Row, near Cheapside

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by Luther, Martin
Published 1786
printed by John Neilson, for Robert Reid, the publisher
Subjects: '; ...Luther, Martin / 1483-1546...

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by Luther, Martin
Published 1791
printed for the proprietor, W. Heptinstal, No. 3, Wood-Street, Spa Fields, Clerkenwell

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by Luther, Martin
Published 1770
printed for the benefit of the poor children, belonging to the said school

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by Luther, Martin
Published 1774
printed and sold by M. Lewis, No 1. Pater-Noster-Row

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by Luther, Martin
Published 1719
printed for, and sold by Joseph Marshall, at the Bible in Newgate-Street; T. Harrison, at the Royal-Exchange; A. Dodd, at the Peacock without Temple-Bar; and J. Roberts, in Warwick-Lane