Lucian

Lucian of Samosata; , ''''; }} ( 125 – after 180 AD) was an Assyrian satirist and rhetorician who is best known for his characteristic tongue-in-cheek style, with which he frequently ridiculed superstition, religious practices, and belief in the paranormal. Although his native language was probably Syriac, all of his extant works are written entirely in Ancient Greek (mostly in the Atticized dialect popular during the Second Sophistic period).

Everything that is known about Lucian's life comes from his own writings, which are often difficult to interpret because of his extensive use of sarcasm. According to his oration ''The Dream'', he was the son of a lower middle class family from the village of Samosata along the banks of the Euphrates in the remote Roman province of Syria. As a young man, he was apprenticed to his uncle to become a sculptor, but, after a failed attempt at sculpting, he ran away to pursue an education in Ionia. He may have become a travelling lecturer and visited universities throughout the Roman Empire. After acquiring fame and wealth through his teaching, Lucian finally settled down in Athens for a decade, during which he wrote most of his extant works. In his old age, he may have been appointed as a highly-paid government official in Egypt, after which point he disappears from the historical record.

Lucian's works were wildly popular in antiquity, and more than eighty writings attributed to him have survived to the present day, a considerably higher quantity than for most other classical writers. His most famous work is ''A True Story'', a tongue-in-cheek satire against authors who tell incredible tales, which is regarded by some as the earliest known work of science fiction. Lucian invented the genre of the comic dialogue, a parody of the traditional Platonic dialogue. His dialogue ''The Lover of Lies'' makes fun of people who believe in the supernatural and contains the oldest known version of "The Sorcerer's Apprentice". Lucian wrote numerous satires making fun of traditional stories about the gods including ''The Dialogues of the Gods'', ''Icaromenippus'', ''Zeus Rants'', ''Zeus Catechized'', and ''The Parliament of the Gods''. His ''Dialogues of the Dead'' focuses on the Cynic philosophers Diogenes and Menippus. ''Philosophies for Sale'' and ''The Banquet or Lapiths'' make fun of various philosophical schools, and ''The Fisherman or the Dead Come to Life'' is a defense of this mockery.

Lucian often ridiculed public figures, such as the Cynic philosopher Peregrinus Proteus in his letter ''The Passing of Peregrinus'' and the fraudulent oracle Alexander of Abonoteichus in his treatise ''Alexander the False Prophet''. Lucian's treatise ''On the Syrian Goddess'' satirizes cultural distinctions between Greeks and Syrians and is the main source of information about the cult of Atargatis. Lucian had an enormous, wide-ranging impact on Western literature. Works inspired by his writings include Sir Thomas More's ''Utopia'', the works of François Rabelais, William Shakespeare's ''Timon of Athens'' and Jonathan Swift's ''Gulliver's Travels''. Provided by Wikipedia

1
by Lucian
Published 1781
printed for T. Cadell, in the Strand

2
by Lucian
Published 1780
printed for T. Cadell, in the Strand

3
by Lucian
Published 1710
printed for Sam. Briscoe, and sold by J. Woodward in Scalding-Alley against Stocks-Market, and J. Morphew near Stationers-Hall
Subjects: '; ...Lucian / of Samosata...

4
by Lucian
Published 1773
jussu et sumptibus Academiæ excudebat T. Ewing
Subjects: '; ...Lucian / of Samosata / Translations into Latin / Early works to 1800...

5
by Lucian
Published 1799
ex ædibus Academicis excudebant R. E. Mercier et Socius, Academiæ typographi
Subjects: '; ...Lucian / of Samosata / Translations into Latin / Early works to 1800...

6
by Lucian
Published 1716
typis T. W.& T. S. impensis M. Wotton, J. Walthoe, G. Conyers, J. & B. Sprint, B. Took, D. Midwinter, T. Ballard, B. Cowse, W. Innis
Subjects: '; ...Lucian / of Samosata / Translations into Latin / Early works to 1800...

7
by Lucian
Published 1709
typis T. Hodgkin; impensis R. Chiswell, B. Walford, M. Wotton, G. Conyers, J. Walthoe, J. Nicholson, S. Sprint, & T. Ballard
Subjects: '; ...Lucian / of Samosata / Translations into Latin / Early works to 1800...

8
by Lucian
Published 1789
Printed by Joseph James, Chesnut-Street

9
by Lucian
Published 1736
Typis T. Wood, impensis G. Conyers, R. Wilkins, D. Midwinter, B. Sprint, W. Innys & R. Manby, & A. Ward

10
by Lucian
Published 1785
Printed by William M'kenzie, No. 63, Dame-Street

11
by Lucian
Published 1785
Printed by William Makenzie, No. 63, Dame-street

12
by Lucian
Published 1730
typis Academicis

13
by Lucian
Published 1774
printed in the year 1774 for W. Flexney Holborn
Subjects: '; ...Lucian / of Samosata / Translations into English / Early works to 1800...

14
by Lucian
Published 1746
London printed, and Dublin re-printed: for Edward Exshaw, at the Bible on Cork-Hill, Bookseller

15
by Lucian
Published 1771
London printed, and Dublin reprinted: by John Exshaw, in Dame-Street

16
by Lucian
Published 1776
e tygrapheo Clarendoniano. Impensis J. & J. Fletcher

17
by Lucian
Published 1726
impensis J. & B. Sprint, & G. Conyers, in vico dicto Little-Britain; R. Wilkins, & W. & J. Innys in Coemeterio Divi Pauli
Subjects: '; ...Lucian / of Samosata / Translations into Latin / Early works to 1800...

18
by Lucian
Published 1757
apud J. Rivington, & G. Johnston, in Coemeterio Paulino; J. Rivington & J. Fletcher, in Pater-Noster Row; & T. Pote, in Fleet-Street; Bibliopolas: Etonæ, apud Jos. Pote, Bibliopolam

19
by Lucian
Published 1739
printed by R. Reilly on Cork-Hill; for George Risk, George Ewing, and William Smith, Booksellers in Dame-Street
Subjects: '; ...Lucian / of Samosata / Translations into English / Early works to 1800...

20
by Lucian
Published 1704
ex officina Jo. Hayes Celeberrimæ Academiæ Typographi. Impensis R. Clavel, S. Smith & B. Walford, Bibliop. Londinens
Subjects: '; ...Lucian / of Samosata / Translations into Latin / Early works to 1800...