Samuel Johnson

Samuel Johnson (18 September 1709  – 13 December 1784), often referred to as Dr. Johnson, was an English writer who made lasting contributions to English literature as a poet, playwright, essayist, moralist, literary critic, biographer, editor, and lexicographer. He was a devout Anglican. Politically, he was a committed Tory. The ''Oxford Dictionary of National Biography'' describes Johnson as "arguably the most distinguished man of letters in English history". He is the subject of James Boswell's ''The Life of Samuel Johnson'', described by Walter Jackson Bate as "the most famous single work of biographical art in the whole of literature".

Born in Lichfield, Staffordshire, Johnson attended Pembroke College, Oxford, for just over a year, but a lack of funds forced him to leave. After working as a teacher, he moved to London, where he began to write for ''The Gentleman's Magazine''. His early works include the biography ''Life of Mr Richard Savage'', the poems ''London'' and ''The Vanity of Human Wishes'', and the play ''Irene''.

After nine years of work, Johnson's ''A Dictionary of the English Language'' was published in 1755. It had a far-reaching effect on Modern English and has been acclaimed as "one of the greatest single achievements of scholarship". This work brought Johnson popularity and success. Until the completion of the ''Oxford English Dictionary'' 150 years later, Johnson's was the pre-eminent British dictionary. His later works included essays, an influential annotated edition of ''The Plays of William Shakespeare'', and the widely read tale ''The History of Rasselas, Prince of Abissinia''. In 1763, he befriended James Boswell, with whom he later travelled to Scotland; Johnson described their travels in ''A Journey to the Western Islands of Scotland''. Towards the end of his life, he produced the massive and influential ''Lives of the Most Eminent English Poets'', a collection of biographies and evaluations of 17th- and 18th-century poets.

Johnson was a tall and robust man. His odd gestures and tics were disconcerting to some on first meeting him. Boswell's ''Life'', along with other biographies, documented Johnson's behaviour and mannerisms in such detail that they have informed the posthumous diagnosis of Tourette syndrome, a condition not defined or diagnosed in the 18th century. After a series of illnesses, he died on the evening of 13 December 1784, and was buried in Westminster Abbey. In the years following his death, Johnson began to be recognised as having had a lasting effect on literary criticism, and he was claimed by some to be the only truly great critic of English literature. Provided by Wikipedia

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by Johnson, Samuel
Project Gutenberg

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by Johnson, Samuel
Published 1746
Printed and sold by Rogers and Fowle in Queen-Street next to the prison

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by Johnson, Samuel
Published 1768
Printed [by Robert Bell] for every purchaser

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by Johnson, Samuel
Published 1760
Printed by W. Weyman, in Broad-Street, not far from the Exchange

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by Johnson, Samuel
Published 1759
printed for G. and A. Ewing, and H. Bradley, Booksellers in Dame-Street

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by Johnson, Samuel
Published 1788
printed for Messrs. R. Moncrieffe, L. White, P. Byrne, P. Wogan, W. Porter, H. Colbert, J. Moore, J. Jones
Subjects: '; ...Johnson, Samuel / 1709-1784 / Correspondence / Early works to 1800...

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by Johnson, Samuel
Published 1761
Printed and sold by James Parker and Comp. at the new printing-office in Beaver-Street

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by Johnson, Samuel
Published 1786
printed for Harrison and Co. No 18, Paternoster Row

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by Johnson, Samuel
Published 1785
printed by D. Graisberry, for Luke White

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by Johnson, Samuel
Published 1767
Printed for W. Faden, near Shoe-Lane, Fleet-Street

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by Johnson, Samuel
Published 1744
printed by Isaac Jackson in Meath street, at the instance of J. White, Esq; captain to one of his Majesty's troops of horse, who subscribed for a large Number, for general Service

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by Johnson, Samuel
Published 1759
printed for R. and J. Dodsley; and W. Johnston

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by Johnson, Samuel
Published 1760
printed for R. and J. Dodsley; and W. Johnston

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by Johnson, Samuel
Published 1766
printed for W. Strahan, W. Johnston, and J. Dodsley

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by Johnson, Samuel
Published 1783
printed for W. Strahan, J. Dodsley, and T. Longman

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by Johnson, Samuel
Published 1786
printed for J.F. and C. Rivington, J. Dodsley, T. Longman, and G. and T. Wilkie

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by Johnson, Samuel
Published 1790
printed for J.F. and C. Rivington, J. Dodsley, T. Longman, and G. and T. Wilkie

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by Johnson, Samuel
Published 1793
printed for J. F. and C. Rivington, J. Dodsley, T. Longman, and G. and T. Wilkie

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by Johnson, Samuel
Published 1798
printed for F. and C. Rivington, T. N. Longman, G. Wilkie, J. Walker, and Lee and Hurst