James Hutton

Hutton painted by [[Henry Raeburn|Sir Henry Raeburn]] (1776) James Hutton (; 3 June 1726 – 26 March 1797) was a Scottish geologist, physician, chemical manufacturer, naturalist, and experimental agriculturalist. He contributed to what was later called uniformitarianism—a fundamental principle of geology—that explains the features of the Earth's crust by means of natural processes over geologic time. Hutton's work helped to establish geology as a science, and as a result he is often referred to as the "Father of Modern Geology", though these principles were already in use by others including Buffon.

Through observation and carefully reasoned geological arguments, Hutton came to believe that the Earth was perpetually being formed; he recognised that the history of Earth could be determined by understanding how processes such as erosion and sedimentation work in the present day. His theories of geology helped to establish geologic time, also called deep time, but unlike modern concepts, Hutton's "system of the habitable Earth" was a deistic mechanism to keep the world eternally suitable for humans. Provided by Wikipedia

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by Hutton, James
Published 1795
printed for Messrs Cadell, Junior, and Davies, London; and William Creech, Edinburgh

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by Hutton, James
Published 1755
printed for J. Robinson in Ludgate-Street, W. Owen at Temple-Bar, and G. Woodfall, at Charing Cross

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by Hutton, James
Published 1777
printed for, and sold by C. Elliot, Parliament-Square, and Richardson and Urquhart, London

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by Hutton, James
Published 1794
printed for Messrs Cadell, Junior, and Davies, London

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by Hutton, James
Published 1850
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by Hutton, James Harriman
Published 1797
printed by R. Trewman and Son

9
by Smith, Adam
Published 1795
Printed for T. Cadell and W. Davies
Other Authors: '; ...Hutton, James...