Homer

Roman bust of Homer from the second century AD, portrayed with traditional [[iconography Homer (; , ''Hómēros'') is the legendary author of the ''Iliad'' and the ''Odyssey'', two epic poems that are the central works of ancient Greek literature. The ''Iliad'' is set during the Trojan War, the ten-year siege of the city of Troy by a coalition of Greek kingdoms. It focuses on a quarrel between King Agamemnon and the warrior Achilles lasting a few weeks during the last year of the war. The ''Odyssey'' focuses on the ten-year journey home of Odysseus, king of Ithaca, after the fall of Troy. Many accounts of Homer's life circulated in classical antiquity, the most widespread being that he was a blind bard from Ionia, a region of central coastal Anatolia in present-day Turkey. Modern scholars consider these accounts legendary.

The Homeric Question – concerning by whom, when, where and under what circumstances the ''Iliad'' and ''Odyssey'' were composed – continues to be debated. Broadly speaking, modern scholarly opinion falls into two groups. One holds that most of the ''Iliad'' and (according to some) the ''Odyssey'' are the works of a single poet of genius. The other considers the Homeric poems to be the result of a process of working and reworking by many contributors, and that "Homer" is best seen as a label for an entire tradition. It is generally accepted that the poems were composed at some point around the late eighth or early seventh century BC.

The poems are in Homeric Greek, also known as Epic Greek, a literary language which shows a mixture of features of the Ionic and Aeolic dialects from different centuries; the predominant influence is Eastern Ionic. Most researchers believe that the poems were originally transmitted orally. From antiquity until the present day, the influence of the Homeric epics on Western civilization has been great, inspiring many of its most famous works of literature, music, art and film. The Homeric epics were the greatest influence on ancient Greek culture and education; to Plato, Homer was simply the one who "has taught Greece" – ''ten Hellada pepaideuken''. Provided by Wikipedia

1
by Homer
Published 1795
Printed for J. Crukshank, W. Young, M. Carey, H. & P. Rice, T. Dobson, J. Ormrod, J. McCulloch, P. Stuart

2
by Homer
Published 1773
printed for T. Becket and P. A. de Hondt in the Strand; and sold also by T. Cadell, in the Strand; J. Robson, in Bond Street; Brotherton and Sewell, in Cornhill; and E. and C. Dilly, in the Poultry

3
by Homer
Published 1731
printed for Bernard Lintot, between the Temple-Gates, in Fleet-Street

4
by Homer
Published 1714
printed for Bernard Lintott at the Cross-Keys between the Two Temple-Gates

5
by Homer
Published 1722
printed by H. Woodfall, for Bernard Lintot, at the Cross-Keys between the Two Temple-Gates

6
by Homer
Published 1734
printed by H. Woodfall, for Bernard Lintot, at Temple-Bar; and sold by John Osborn, at the Golden-Ball, in Pater-Noster-Row

7
by Homer
Published 1712
printed by G. James, for Bernard Lintott, at the Cross-Keys between the Two Temple-Gates

8
by Homer
Published 2014
De Gruyter
...Main description: Die rätselhafte Gestalt des Dichters und Rhapsoden Homer ragt aus den dunklen...

10
by Homer
Published 1717
printed for Bernard Lintot, between the Temple-Gates

11
by Homer
Published 1735
impensis Jacobi, Johannis & Pauli Knapton

12
by Homer
Published 1747
in aedibus academicis excudebant Robertus et Andreas Foulis academiae typographi

13
by Homer
Published 1788
printed for J. Johnson, No. 72, St. Paul's-Church-Yard

14
by Homer
Published 1736
printed for J. Wilford, behind the Chapter-House. in St. Paul's Church-Yard

15
by Homer
Published 1717
printed by Thomas Hume, for George Grierson, at the Two Bibles in Essex-Street

16
by Homer
Published 1781
printed for J. Robson

17
by Homer
Published 1797
[de l'imprimerie de W. & C. Spilsbury]

18
by Homer
Published 1725
printed for Bernard Lintot

19
by Homer
Published 1758
impensis A. Millar; J. Whiston et B. White; et J. Pote, Etonæ

20
by Homer
Published 1771
printed for J. Whiston Baker, and Leigh, W. Strahan, T. Payne, J. and F. Rivington, T. Davies, Hawes Clarke and Collins, R. Horsfield, W. Johnston, B. White, T. Caslon, S. Crowder, T. Loncman, B. Law, C. Rivington, R. Withy, T. Pote, Robinson and Roberts, T. Cadell, G. Pearch, R. Baldwin, C. Marsh, T. Becket, and Wilson and Nicol