Hugo Grotius

Portrait of Hugo Grotius<br>by [[Michiel Jansz. van Mierevelt]], 1631 Hugo Grotius (; 10 April 1583 – 28 August 1645), also known as Huig de Groot () or Hugo de Groot (), was a Dutch jurist. Along with the earlier works of Francisco de Vitoria and Alberico Gentili, he laid the foundations for international law, based on natural law. A teenage intellectual prodigy, he was born in Delft and studied at Leiden University. He was imprisoned for his involvement in the intra-Calvinist disputes of the Dutch Republic, but escaped hidden in a chest of books. Grotius wrote most of his major works in exile in France.

It is thought that Hugo Grotius was not the first to formulate the international society doctrine, but he was one of the first to define expressly the idea of one society of states, governed not by force or warfare but by actual laws and mutual agreement to enforce those laws. As Hedley Bull declared in 1990: "The idea of international society which Grotius propounded was given concrete expression in the Peace of Westphalia, and Grotius may be considered the intellectual father of this first general peace settlement of modern times." Additionally, his contributions to Arminian theology helped provide the seeds for later Arminian-based movements, such as Methodism and Pentecostalism; Grotius is acknowledged as a significant figure in the Arminian-Calvinist debate. Because of his theological underpinning of free trade, he is also considered an "economic theologist". Provided by Wikipedia

by Grotius, Hugo
Published 1732
printed by R. Fleming and Company, for the author, and sold by most Booksellers in Town

by Grotius, Hugo
Published 1738
printed for W. Innys and R. Manby, J. and P. Knapton, D. Brown, T. Osborn, and E. Wicksteed

by Grotius, Hugo
Published 1797
re-printed by E. Piercy, in Bull-Street

by Grotius, Hugo
Published 1782
printed for J. Dodsley, Pall-Mall

by Grotius, Hugo
Published 1715
printed for D. Brown; T. Ward; and W. Meares

by Grotius, Hugo
Published 1793
printed for B. Law and Son, W. Otridge, R.Baldwin, and F. and C. Rivington

by Grotius, Hugo
Published 1786
printed for J. F. and C. Rivington, J. Buckland, B. Law, W Ottridge, and R. Baldwin

by Grotius, Hugo
Published 1716
Argraphwyd yn y Mwythig gan John Rhydderch yn y Flwyddyn

by Grotius, Hugo
Published 1703
typis academicis, impensis Tho. Webster, Bibliop. Cantabrigiae

by Grotius, Hugo
Published 1729
printed for James and John Knapton, at the Crown in St. Paul's Church-Yard

by Grotius, Hugo
Published 1711
printed: and sold by John Morphew, near Stationers-Hall

by Grotius, Hugo
Published 1707
excudebant h?redes & successores Andre? Anderson, Regiae Majestatis, Urbis & Academiae Typographi, anno Dom

by Grotius, Hugo
Published 1777
printed for J. F. and C. Rivington, R. Horsefield, B. Law, R. Baldwin, E. Johnston, S. Bladon, and T. Beecroft

by Grotius, Hugo
Published 1745
ex officina Roberti Urie et sociorum, sumtibus Joan. Barry, apud quem veneunt

by Grotius, Hugo
Published 1754
printed for John and Paul Knapton, in Ludgate-Street

by Grotius, Hugo
Published 1719
printed for J. Knapton, at the Crown in St. Paul's Church-Yard

by Grotius, Hugo
Published 1727
impensis Jos. Smith, Guil. Mears, Jos. Pote, & N. Moody, Bibliopolarum Londinensium