Gentleman

''The Complete English Gentleman'' (1630), by Richard Brathwait, shows the exemplary qualities of a gentleman. A gentleman (Old French: ''gentilz hom'', gentle + man) is any man of good and courteous conduct. Originally, ''gentleman'' was the lowest rank of the landed gentry of England, ranking below an esquire and above a yeoman; by definition, the rank of ''gentleman'' comprised the younger sons of the younger sons of peers, and the younger sons of a baronet, a knight, and an esquire, in perpetual succession. As such, the connotation of the term ''gentleman'' captures the common denominator of gentility (and often a coat of arms); a right shared by the peerage and the gentry, the constituent classes of the British nobility.

Therefore, the English social category of ''gentleman'' corresponds to the French ''gentilhomme'' (nobleman), which in Great Britain meant a member of the peerage of England. In that context, the historian Maurice Keen said that the social category of gentleman is "the nearest, contemporary English equivalent of the ''noblesse'' of France." In the 14th century, the term ''gentlemen'' comprised the hereditary ruling class, which is whom the rebels of the Peasants' Revolt (1381) meant when they repeated:

In the 17th century, in ''Titles of Honour'' (1614), the jurist John Selden said that the title ''gentleman'' likewise speaks of "our English use of it" as convertible with ''nobilis'' (nobility by rank or personal quality) and describes the forms of a man's elevation to the nobility in European monarchies. In the 19th century, James Henry Lawrence explained and discussed the concepts, particulars, and functions of social rank in a monarchy, in the book ''On the Nobility of the British Gentry, or the Political Ranks and Dignities of the British Empire, Compared with those on the Continent'' (1827). Provided by Wikipedia

1
by Gentleman
Published 1792
printed and sold by John Abraham, at his circulating library, Lombard-Street

2
by Gentleman
Published 1772
printed for H. Saunders, W. Sleater, J. Potts, J. Williams, T. Walker, R. Moncrieffe, and C. Jenkins

3
by Gentleman
Published 1760
printed for D. Browne, without Temple-Bar; G. Keith, in Gracechurch-Street; J. Richardson, in Pater-Noster-Row; and B. Law and Co. in Ave-Mary-Lane

4
by Gentleman
Published 1744
printed for S. Birt, at the Bible and Ball in Ave-Mary-Lane; and D. Browne, at the Black Swan without Temple-Bar

5
by Gentleman
Published 1719
printed for J. Pemberton, at the Buck and Sun against St. Dunstan's Church, in Fleetstreet

6
by Gentleman
Published 1730
printed for John Smith, Bookseller in Daventry, and sold by J. and J. Knapton, A. Bettesworth, and Jos. Hazard, in London

7
by Gentleman
Published 1739
printed, and sold by W. Meadows, at the Angel in Cornhill; J. Clarke, at Homer's Head, the Corner of Essex-Street, in the Strand; R. Partington, next Thavies-Inn Gate, Holbourn; and the Booksellers of London and Westminster

9
by Gentleman
Published 1796
printed for the author

10
by Gentleman
Published 1705
printed, and sold by B. Bragg, at the Blue Ball in Ave-Mary-Lane

11
by Gentleman
Published 1733
printed for T. Osborne, in Gray's Inn, near the Walks

13
by Gentleman
Published 1745

14
by Gentleman
Published 1740
printed for T. Cooper, at the Globe, in Pater-Noster-Row

15
by Gentleman
Published 1788
printed for the author, and sold by C. Forster, No. 41, Poultry

18
by Gentleman
Published 1757
printed for the author, and sold by G. and A. Ewing, at the Angel and Bible in Dame-Street

19
by Gentleman
Published 1717
printed for John Wyat at the Rose in St. Paul's Church-Yard

20
by Gentleman
Published 1717
printed for John Wyat at the Rose in St. Paul's Church-Yard