Gentleman

''The Complete English Gentleman'' (1630), by Richard Brathwait, shows the exemplary qualities of a gentleman. A gentleman (Old French: ''gentilz hom'', gentle + man) is any man of good and courteous conduct. Originally, a gentleman was the lowest rank of the landed gentry of England, ranking below an esquire and above a yeoman; by definition, the rank of ''gentleman'' comprised the younger sons of the younger sons of peers, and the younger sons of a baronet, a knight, and an esquire, in perpetual succession. As such, the connotation of the term ''gentleman'' captures the common denominator of gentility (and often a coat of arms); a right shared by the peerage and the gentry, the constituent classes of the British nobility.

Therefore, the English social category of ''gentleman'' corresponds to the French ''gentilhomme'' (nobleman), which in Great Britain meant the peerage of England. In that context, the historian Maurice Keen said that the social category of gentleman is "the nearest, contemporary English equivalent of the ''noblesse'' of France." In the 14th century, the term ''gentlemen'' comprised the hereditary ruling class, which is whom the rebels of the Peasants' Revolt (1381) meant when they repeated:

In the 17th century, in ''Titles of Honour'' (1614), the jurist John Selden said that the title ''gentleman'' likewise speaks of "our English use of it" as convertible with ''nobilis'' (nobility by rank or personal quality) and describes the forms of a man's elevation to the nobility in European monarchies. In the 19th century, James Henry Lawrence explained and discussed the concepts, particulars, and functions of social rank in a monarchy, in the book ''On the Nobility of the British Gentry, or the Political Ranks and Dignities of the British Empire, Compared with those on the Continent'' (1827). Provided by Wikipedia

1
by Gentleman
Published 1704
[s.n.]

2
by Gentleman
Published 1755
Printed, and sold by Mrs. Johnson and Mr. Jones

4
by Gentleman
Published 1765
Printed by Joseph Cooper, for J. Gardner

5
by Gentleman
Published 1769
Printed by S. Powell, for Samuel Watson

6
by Gentleman
Published 1767
Printed for the author, and sold by Mr. Dodsley, Mr. Longman, and Mr. Robson

8
by Gentleman
Published 1753
[Printed for C. Davis ... [et al.]

9
by Gentleman
Published 1698
Printed, and sold by John Nutt

12
by Gentleman
Published 1717
printed for John Wyat at the Rose in St. Paul's Church-Yard

13
by Gentleman
Published 1717
printed for John Wyat at the Rose in St. Paul's Church-Yard

14
by Gentleman
Published 1725
printed for John Clark and Richard Hett, at the Bible and Crown in the Poultry

16
by Gentleman
Published 1745
printed for M. Cooper, in Pater-Noster-Row

19
by Gentleman
Published 1702
printed for Tho. Parkhurst

20
by Gentleman
Published 1753
printed for C. Davis, opposite Gray's-Inn-Gate, Holborn; M. Cooper, in Pater-Noster-Row; and J. Barnes, opposite the Hay-Market, Charing-Cross