Michel Foucault

Paul-Michel Foucault (; 15 October 1926 – 25 June 1984), generally known as Michel Foucault (), was a French philosopher, historian of ideas, social theorist, and literary critic.

Foucault's theories primarily address the relationship between power and knowledge, and how they are used as a form of social control through societal institutions. Though often cited as a post-structuralist and postmodernist, Foucault rejected these labels. His thought has influenced academics, especially those working in communication studies, anthropology, sociology, cultural studies, literary theory, feminism, and critical theory. Activist groups have also found his theories compelling.

Born in Poitiers, France, into an upper-middle-class family, Foucault was educated at the Lycée Henri-IV, at the École Normale Supérieure, where he developed an interest in philosophy and came under the influence of his tutors Jean Hyppolite and Louis Althusser, and at the University of Paris (Sorbonne), where he earned degrees in philosophy and psychology. After several years as a cultural diplomat abroad, he returned to France and published his first major book, ''The History of Madness'' (1961). After obtaining work between 1960 and 1966 at the University of Clermont-Ferrand, he produced ''The Birth of the Clinic'' (1963) and ''The Order of Things'' (1966), publications which displayed his increasing involvement with structuralism, from which he later distanced himself. These first three histories exemplified a historiographical technique Foucault was developing called "archaeology".

From 1966 to 1968, Foucault lectured at the University of Tunis before returning to France, where he became head of the philosophy department at the new experimental university of Paris VIII. Foucault subsequently published ''The Archaeology of Knowledge'' (1969). In 1970, Foucault was admitted to the Collège de France, a membership he retained until his death. He also became active in a number of left-wing groups involved in campaigns against racism and human rights abuses and for penal reform. Foucault later published ''Discipline and Punish'' (1975) and ''The History of Sexuality'' (1976), in which he developed archaeological and genealogical methods which emphasized the role that power plays in society.

Foucault died in Paris of HIV/AIDS; he became the first public figure in France to die from the disease. His partner Daniel Defert founded the AIDES charity in his memory. Provided by Wikipedia

1
by Foucault, Michel
Published 2010
Palgrave Macmillan UK

2
by Foucault, Michel
Published 1999
El Colegio de México

3
by Foucault, Michel
Published 1965
Pantheon Books

4
by Foucault, Michel
Published 1975
Gallimard

5
by Foucault, Michel
Published 1972
Pantheon Books
Other Authors: '; ...Foucault, Michel...

6
by Foucault, Michel
Published 1975
Vintage Books

7
by Foucault, Michel
Published 1978
Pantheon Books
Other Authors: '; ...Foucault, Michel...

8
by Foucault, Michel
Published 1971
Pantheon Books

9
by Foucault, Michel
Published 1979
Vintage Books

10
by Foucault, Michel
Published 1972
Gallimard

11
by Foucault, Michel
Published 1976
Gallimard

12
by Foucault, Michel
Published 1969
Gallimard

13
by Foucault, Michel
Published 1971
Gallimard

14
by Foucault, Michel
Published 1966
Gallimard