Erasmus

Bust by [[Hildo Krop |death_date = |death_place = Basel, Old Swiss Confederacy in the Holy Roman Empire |alma_mater = Queens' College, Cambridge
Collège de Montaigu, Paris
University of Turin |workplaces = University of Leuven |main_interests = Christian philosophy
Renaissance humanism
Criticism of Protestantism
Philosophy of Language |notable_works =

*''In Praise of Folly'' *''Julius Excluded'' *''The Education of a Christian Prince''

|notable_ideas =

*Erasmian pronunciation

|influences =

*Epicureanism *Cicero *Socrates *Plato *Aristotle *Saint Augustine *St. Thomas Aquinas *Saint Jerome *Dante *Giovanni Pico della Mirandola *John Colet *Alexander Hegius *Jan Standonck

|influenced = *Thomas More *Pius V *Damião de Góis *Martin Luther *Henry VIII *John Calvin *John Milton *William Tyndale *Jacob Milich *Wolfgang Capito *John Colet *Huldrych Zwingli *John Henry Newman

| honorific_suffix =Prince of the Humanists }}

Desiderius Erasmus Roterodamus (; 28 October 1466 – 12 July 1536), known as Erasmus or Erasmus of Rotterdam, was a Dutch philosopher and Christian humanist who is widely considered to have been the greatest scholar of the northern Renaissance. Originally trained as a Catholic priest, Erasmus was an important figure in classical scholarship who wrote in a pure Latin style. Among humanists he enjoyed the sobriquet "Prince of the Humanists", and has been called "the crowning glory of the Christian humanists". Using humanist techniques for working on texts, he prepared important new Latin and Greek editions of the New Testament, which raised questions that would be influential in the Protestant Reformation and Catholic Counter-Reformation. He also wrote ''On Free Will,'' ''In Praise of Folly'', ''Handbook of a Christian Knight'', ''On Civility in Children'', ''Copia: Foundations of the Abundant Style'', ''Julius Exclusus'', and many other works.

Erasmus lived against the backdrop of the growing European religious Reformation. While he was critical of the abuses within the Catholic Church and called for reform, he nonetheless kept his distance from Luther, Henry VIII, and John Calvin and continued to recognise the authority of the pope, emphasizing a middle way with a deep respect for traditional faith, piety and grace, and rejecting Luther's emphasis on faith alone. Erasmus remained a member of the Catholic Church all his life, remaining committed to reforming the church and its clerics' abuses from within. He also held to the doctrine of free will, which some Reformers (Calvinists) rejected in favor of the doctrine of predestination. His middle road ("''via media''") approach disappointed, and even angered, scholars in both camps.

Erasmus died suddenly in Basel in 1536 while preparing to return to Brabant and was buried in Basel Minster, the former cathedral of the city. A bronze statue of Erasmus was erected in 1622 in his city of birth, replacing an earlier work in stone. Provided by Wikipedia

1
by Erasmus
Published 1985
Huygens instituut/Brill

2
by Erasmus
Published 2003
Huygens instituut/Brill
...His publications mirror his versatileind: he wrote about Erasmus, Rabelais, Grotius, Proust, Valery...

3
by Erasmus
Published 1986
Huygens instituut/Brill
...Der fiinfzehnte Band der neuen Ausgahe der Opera omnia von Erasmus ist der zweite Teil der...

4
by Erasmus
Published 1982
Huygens instituut/Brill

5
by Erasmus
Published 1977
Huygens instituut/Brill

6
by Erasmus
Published 2008
Huygens instituut/Brill

7
by Erasmus
Published 1988
Huygens instituut/Brill

8
by Erasmus, Desiderius
Published 1765
& venit Parisiis, apud Barbou, via Mathurinensium

10
by Erasmus, Desiderius
Published 1791
impensis R. Morison et Fil. et W. Coke, Leith, Bibliopolarum; apud quos veneunt

11
by Erasmus, Desiderius
Published 1770
printed for L. Hawes, W. Clarke, and R. Collins

12
by Erasmus, Desiderius
Published 1773
impensis W. Strahan, J. and F. Rivington, C. Bathurst, W. Johnston, Hawes, Clarke, and Collins, E. Johnson, G. Keith, S. Crowder, T. Caslon, T. Longman, B. Law, G. Robinson, and B. Collins

13
by Erasmus, Desiderius
Published 1725
printed for J. Darby, A. Bettesworth, F. Fayram, J. Pemberton, J. Hooke, C. Rivington, F. Clay, J. Batley, and E. Symon

14
by Erasmus, Desiderius
Published 1733
printed for J.J. and P. Knapton, D. Midwinter and A. Ward, A. Bettesworth and C. Hitch, J Pemberton, J. Osborn and T. Longman, C. Rivington, F. Clay, J. Batley, R. Hett, and T. Hatchett

15
by Erasmus, Desiderius
Published 1711
impensis Guil. Freeman ad Insigne Bibliorum, exadversum Medii Templi Portam, in vico dicto Fleet-Street

16
by Erasmus, Desiderius
Published 1742
printed by A. Reilly, for Edward Exshaw, at the Bible on Cork-Hill

17
by Erasmus, Desiderius
Published 1773
printed by Hugh and James Ramsey, on the Quay

18
by Erasmus, Desiderius
Published 1711
printed for Daniel Brown, Richard Sare, Charles Brome, John Nicholson, Benjamin Tooke, and George Strahan

19
by Erasmus, Desiderius
Published 1712
typis Aaronis Rhami, impensis Joannis Churchill Londinensis, & Eliphalis Dobson Dubliniensis bibliopolarum Bibliopolarum; apud quos prostant venales

20
by Erasmus, Desiderius
Published 1704
typis Lichfieldianis impensis A. & J. Churchil