Erasmus

''[[Portrait of Erasmus of Rotterdam]]'' (1523)<br/>by [[Hans Holbein the Younger]] Desiderius Erasmus Roterodamus (; 28 October 1466 – 12 July 1536), known as Erasmus or Erasmus of Rotterdam, was a Dutch philosopher and Christian humanist who is widely considered to have been the greatest scholar of the northern Renaissance. Originally trained as a Catholic priest, Erasmus was an important figure in classical scholarship who wrote in a pure Latin style. Among humanists he enjoyed the sobriquet "Prince of the Humanists", and has been called "the crowning glory of the Christian humanists". Using humanist techniques for working on texts, he prepared important new Latin and Greek editions of the New Testament, which raised questions that would be influential in the Protestant Reformation and Catholic Counter-Reformation. He also wrote ''On Free Will,'' ''In Praise of Folly'', ''Handbook of a Christian Knight'', ''On Civility in Children'', ''Copia: Foundations of the Abundant Style'', ''Julius Exclusus'', and many other works.

Erasmus lived against the backdrop of the growing European religious Reformation. While he was critical of the abuses within the Catholic Church and called for reform, he nonetheless kept his distance from Luther, Henry VIII, and John Calvin and continued to recognise the authority of the pope, emphasizing a middle way with a deep respect for traditional faith, piety and grace, and rejecting Luther's emphasis on faith alone. Erasmus remained a member of the Catholic Church all his life, remaining committed to reforming the church and its clerics' abuses from within. He also held to the doctrine of synergism, which some Reformers (Calvinists) rejected in favor of the doctrine of monergism. His middle road ("''via media''") approach disappointed, and even angered, scholars in both camps.

Erasmus died suddenly in Basel in 1536 while preparing to return to Brabant and was buried in Basel Minster, the former cathedral of the city. A bronze statue of Erasmus was erected in 1622 in his city of birth, replacing an earlier work in stone. Provided by Wikipedia

2
by Erasmus, Desiderius
Published 1767
Impensis P. Wilson, et I. Jackson, Bibliop

3
by Erasmus, Desiderius
Published 1708
impensis J. Sprint, ad insigne campana, in vico Little-Britain dicto

4
by Erasmus, Desiderius
Published 1755
Impensis W. Millar et W. Gordon, Bibliopolarum; apud quos veneunt

5
by Erasmus, Desiderius
Published 1785
Printed and sold by J. Barker, near the Pit-Door, in Russell-Court, Drury-Lane, and W. Phorson, Berwick

6
by Erasmus, Desiderius
Published 1789
Printed by R. Raikes; and sold by J.F. and C. Rivington, St. Paul's Church-Yard, and J. Evans, London

7
by Erasmus, Desiderius
Published 1724
Printed for J. Wilford at the Three Flower De Luces in Little Britain

8
by Erasmus, Desiderius
Published 1778
Impensis Gulielmi Wilson, et Roberti Jackson, bibliop

11
by Erasmus, Desiderius
Published 1764
Printed for L. Hawes, W. Clarke, and R. Collins, in Pater-noster-Row

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by Erasmus, Desiderius
Published 1706
impensis Guil. Freeman, ad Insigne Bibliorum, exadversum Medii Templi Portam, in vico dicto Fleet-Street

14
by Erasmus, Desiderius
Published 1727
impensis J. Walthoe, R. Wilkin, J. & J. Bonwicke, T. Ward, S. Birt, & T. Osborne

15
by Erasmus, Desiderius
Published 1722
printed for John Wilford, at the Three Golden Flower-de-Luces, in Little-Britain

16
by Erasmus, Desiderius
Published 1719
printed for J. Leathley, at the Corner of Sycamore-Ally, in Dame-Street

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by Erasmus, Desiderius
Published 1791
impensis R. Morison et Fil. et W. Coke, Leith, Bibliopolarum; apud quos veneunt

20
by Erasmus, Desiderius
Published 1773
impensis W. Strahan, J. and F. Rivington, C. Bathurst, W. Johnston, Hawes, Clarke, and Collins, E. Johnson, G. Keith, S. Crowder, T. Caslon, T. Longman, B. Law, G. Robinson, and B. Collins