William Cowper

A 1792 portrait by [[Lemuel Francis Abbott]]<ref>{{Citation | first = Lemuel Francis | last = Abbott | type = portrait | title = Cowper | author-link = Lemuel Francis Abbott | year = 1792}}</ref> William Cowper ( ; 26 November 1731 – 25 April 1800)}} was an English poet and hymnodist. One of the most popular poets of his time, Cowper changed the direction of 18th century nature poetry by writing of everyday life and scenes of the English countryside. In many ways, he was one of the forerunners of Romantic poetry. Samuel Taylor Coleridge called him "the best modern poet", whilst William Wordsworth particularly admired his poem ''Yardley-Oak''.

After being institutionalised for insanity, Cowper found refuge in a fervent evangelical Christianity. He continued to suffer doubt and, after a dream in 1773, believed that he was doomed to eternal damnation. He recovered and wrote more religious hymns.

His religious sentiment and association with John Newton (who wrote the hymn "Amazing Grace") led to much of the poetry for which he is best remembered, and to the series of Olney Hymns. His poem "Light Shining out of Darkness" gave English the phrase: "God moves in a mysterious way/His wonders to perform."

He also wrote a number of anti-slavery poems and his friendship with Newton, who was an avid anti-slavery campaigner, resulted in Cowper being asked to write in support of the Abolitionist campaign. Cowper wrote a poem called "The Negro's Complaint" (1788) which rapidly became very famous, and was often quoted by Martin Luther King Jr. during the 20th century civil rights movement. He also wrote several other less well known poems on slavery in the 1780s, many of which attacked the idea that slavery was economically viable. Provided by Wikipedia

1
by Cowper, William
Published 1786
printed for J. Johnson, No 72, St. Paul's Church-Yard

2
by Cowper, William
Published 1749
printed by Eliz. Adams; and sold by the booksellers in that city

3
by Cowper, William
Published 1792
Printed by Thomas C. Cushing, for D. West, Marlborough-Street, and E. Larkin, Jun. Cornhill, Boston

4
by Cowper, William
Published 1787
Printed for Thomas Dobson, bookseller, in Second-Street, second door above Chesnut-Street

5
by Cowper, William
Published 1787
Printed for Thomas Dobson, bookseller, in Second-Street, second door above Chesnut-Street
Other Authors: '; ...Cowper, William...

6
by Cowper, William
Published 1796
Printed by William Durell, for I. Patterson, I. Buel, and W. Knox

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by Cowper, William
Published 1766
printed and sold by E. Cook, at the Royal Exchange
Subjects: '; ...Cowper, William / 1568-1619 / Early works to 1800...

8
by Cowper, William
Published 1793
printed for J. Johnson, St. Paul's Church-Yard

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by Cowper, William
Published 1794
s.n

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by Cowper, William
Published 1791
Printed at Boston By I. Thomas and E.T. Andrews, Faust's Statue, no. 45, Newbury Street. Sold at their bookstore, by D. West, in Marlborough Street, E. Larkin, Jun. Cornhill, and at Worcester, by I. Thomas
Other Authors: '; ...Cowper, William...

11
by Cowper, William
Published 1786
Printed for J. Johnson, No. 72, St. Paul's Church-Yard

12
by Cowper, William
Published 1786
Printed for J. Johnson, No. 72, St. Paul's Church Yard

13
by Cowper, William
Published 1798
printed for J. Johnson

14
by Cowper, William
Published 1798
printed for J. Johnson

15
by Cowper, William
Published 1798
printed for J. Johnson

16
by Cowper, William
Published 1793
printed by T. Bensley, for J. Johnson, St. Paul's Church-Yard

17
by Cowper, William
Published 1798
printed for J. Johnson, In ST. Paul's Church-Yard

18
by Cowper, William
Published 1724
printed for Robert Knaplock, and William and John Innys, in St. Paul's Church-Yard; and Jacob Tonson, in the Strand

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by Cowper, William
Published 1788
printed for J. Johnson

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by Cowper, William
Published 1794
printed for J. Johnson