Edward Coke

Sir Edward Coke ( "cook", formerly ; 1 February 1552 – 3 September 1634) was an English barrister, judge, and politician. He is often considered the greatest jurist of the Elizabethan and Jacobean eras.

Born into an upper-class family, Coke was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge, before leaving to study at the Inner Temple, where he was called to the Bar on 20 April 1578. As a barrister, he took part in several notable cases, including ''Slade's Case'', before earning enough political favour to be elected to Parliament, where he served first as Solicitor General and then as Speaker of the House of Commons. Following a promotion to Attorney General he led the prosecution in several notable cases, including those against Robert Devereux, Sir Walter Raleigh, and the Gunpowder Plot conspirators. As a reward for his services he was first knighted and then made Chief Justice of the Common Pleas.

As Chief Justice, Coke restricted the use of the ''ex officio'' (Star Chamber) oath and, in the ''Case of Proclamations'' and ''Dr. Bonham's Case'', declared the King to be subject to the law, and the laws of Parliament to be void if in violation of "common right and reason". These actions eventually led to his transfer to the Chief Justiceship of the King's Bench, where it was felt he could do less damage. Coke then successively restricted the definition of treason and declared a royal letter illegal, leading to his dismissal from the bench on 14 November 1616. With no chance of regaining his judicial posts, he instead returned to Parliament, where he swiftly became a leading member of the opposition. During his time as a Member of Parliament he wrote and campaigned for the Statute of Monopolies, which substantially restricted the ability of the monarch to grant patents, and authored and was instrumental in the passage of the Petition of Right, a document considered one of the three crucial constitutional documents of England, along with the Magna Carta and Bill of Rights 1689.

Coke is best known in modern times for his ''Institutes'', described by John Rutledge as "almost the foundations of our law", and his ''Reports'', which have been called "perhaps the single most influential series of named reports". Historically, he was a highly influential judge; within England and Wales, his statements and works were used to justify the right to silence, while the Statute of Monopolies is considered to be one of the first actions in the conflict between Parliament and monarch that led to the English Civil War. In America, Coke's decision in ''Dr. Bonham's Case'' was used to justify the voiding of both the Stamp Act 1765 and writs of assistance, which led to the American War of Independence; after the establishment of the United States his decisions and writings profoundly influenced the Third and Fourth amendments to the United States Constitution while necessitating the Sixteenth. Provided by Wikipedia

by Coke, Edward
Published 1776
printed for J. and F. Rivington, in St. Paul's Church-Yard; W. Owen, G. Kearsly, and M. Waller, in Fleet-Street; W. Flexney, in Holborn; and G. Robinson, in Pater-Noster Row

by Coke, Edward
Published 1736
In the Savoy: printed by E. and R. Nutt, and R. Gosling, (assigns of Edw. Sayer, Esq;) for T. Osborne, in Gray's Inn

by Coke, Edward
Published 1711
Printed by the assignee of Edward Sayer Esq; and are to be sold by John Walthoe

by Coke, Edward
Published 1703
printed by William Rawlins, and Samuel Roycroft, assigns of Richard Atkins and Edward Atkins, Esquires. And are to be sold by Charles Harper at the Flower-de-Luce against St. Dunstan's Church in Fleet-Street and J. Walthoe in Vine-Court Middle-Temple, adjoyning to the Cloysters

by Coke, Edward
Published 1719
In the Savoy: printed by Eliz. Nutt and R. Gosling (assigns of Edw. Sayer, Esq;) for John Walthoe

by Coke, Edward
Published 1742
In the Savoy: printed by Henry Lintot, (assignee of Edward Sayer, Esq;) for T. Osborne

by Coke, Edward
Published 1719
Printed by Eliz. Dutt and R. Gosling, (Assigns of Edward Sayer Esq;) and are to be sold by B. Lintott, at the Cross-Keys, R. Gosling, at the Mitre and Crown, in Fleetstreet; and T. Ward, in the Inner-Temple-Lane

by Coke, Edward
Published 1668
Printed by John Streater, James Flesher, and Henry Twyford, assigns of Richard Atkyns and Edward Atkyns