Church of England

Church of England The Church of England (C of E) is the established church of England. The Archbishop of Canterbury is the most senior cleric, although the monarch is the supreme governor. The Church of England is also the mother church of the international Anglican Communion. It traces its history to the Christian church recorded as existing in the Roman province of Britain by the third century, and to the 6th-century Gregorian mission to Kent led by Augustine of Canterbury.

The English church renounced papal authority when Henry VIII failed to secure an annulment of his marriage to Catherine of Aragon in 1534. The English Reformation accelerated under Edward VI's regents, before a brief restoration of papal authority under Queen Mary I and King Philip. The Act of Supremacy 1558 renewed the breach, and the Elizabethan Settlement charted a course enabling the English church to describe itself as both catholic and reformed: * ''Catholic'' in that it views itself as a part of the universal church of Jesus Christ in unbroken continuity with the early apostolic church. This is expressed in its emphasis on the teachings of the early Church Fathers, as formalised in the Apostles', Nicene, and Athanasian creeds. * ''Reformed'' in that it has been shaped by some of the doctrinal principles of the 16th-century Protestant Reformation, in particular in the Thirty-Nine Articles of Religion and the Book of Common Prayer.

In the earlier phase of the English Reformation there were both Catholic martyrs and radical Protestant martyrs. The later phases saw the Penal Laws punish Roman Catholic and nonconforming Protestants. In the 17th century, the Puritan and Presbyterian factions continued to challenge the leadership of the Church which under the Stuarts veered towards a more catholic interpretation of the Elizabethan Settlement especially under Archbishop Laud and the rise of the concept of Anglicanism as the Via Media. After the victory of the Parliamentarians, the Prayer Book was abolished and the Presbyterian and Independent factions dominated. The Episcopacy was abolished. The Restoration restored the Church of England, episcopacy and the Prayer Book. Papal recognition of George III in 1766 led to greater religious tolerance.

Since the English Reformation, the Church of England has used English in the liturgy. The church contains several doctrinal strands, the main three known as Anglo-Catholic, evangelical, and broad church. Tensions between theological conservatives and progressives find expression in debates over the ordination of women and homosexuality. The church includes both liberal and conservative clergy and members.

The governing structure of the church is based on dioceses, each presided over by a bishop. Within each diocese are local parishes. The General Synod of the Church of England is the legislative body for the church and comprises bishops, other clergy and laity. Its measures must be approved by both Houses of Parliament. Provided by Wikipedia

2
by Divine of the Church of England
Published 1703
printed and sold by Joseph Downing in Bartholomew-Close near West-Smithfield

3
by Member of the Church of England
Published 1717
printed by J. How, at the Seven Stars in Talbot-Court, in Grace-Church-Street, for the author

5
by Minister of the Church of England
Published 1719
printed and sold by J. Downing, in Bartholomew-Close near West-Smithfield

9
by Clergyman of the Church of England
Published 1764
Printed for J. William in Skinner-Row near Fishamble-Street

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by Member of the Church of England
Published 1710
Printed and sold by J. Downing in Bartholomew-Close near West-Smith-Field

14
by Grave divine of the Church of England
Published 1701
Printed for A. Baldwin, near the Oxford-Arms, in Warwick-lane
Subjects: '; ...Church of England / Government / Early works to 1800...

15
by Minister of the Church of England
Published 1702
Printed and sold by J. Downing

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by Clergyman of the Church of England
Published 1796
Printed for B. and J. White, Fleet Street

17
by Minister of the Church of England
Published 1756
Printed for W. Faden in Wine-Office-Court, Fleet-Street

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by Member of the Church of England
Published 1709
Printed and sold by Joseph Downing in Bartholomew-Close near West-Smithfield