Miguel de Cervantes

The well-known portrait, supposedly by [[Juan de Jáuregui]], mentioned in the prologue of the [[Exemplary Novels]]. It has not been authenticated, and the names of Cervantes and Jáuregui on it were added centuries after it was painted. No authenticated image of Cervantes exists, and the Jáuregui painting is lost.{{efn|The most reliable and accurate portrait of the writer is that provided by Cervantes himself in the prologue of the [[Exemplary Novels]], complaining that the lost portrait by [[Juan Martínez de Jáuregui y Aguilar]] was not used as a frontispiece.<ref name="Gut">{{cite web Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra The earliest documents signed with Cervantes' two names, ''Cervantes Saavedra'', appear several years after his repatriation. He began adding the second surname ''Saavedra'' to his patronymic in 1586–1587 in official documents related to his marriage to Catalina de Salazar. }} (; ; ; 29 September 1547 (assumed)22 April 1616 NS) was a Spanish writer who is widely regarded as the greatest writer in the Spanish language and one of the world's preeminent novelists. His novel ''Don Quixote'' has been translated into over 140 languages and dialects; it is, after the Bible, the most-translated book in the world.

''Don Quixote'', a classic of Western literature, is sometimes considered both the first modern novel and the best work of fiction ever written. Cervantes' influence on the Spanish language has been so great that the language is often called ''la lengua de Cervantes'' ("the language of Cervantes"). He has also been dubbed ''El príncipe de los ingenios'' ("The Prince of Wits").

In 1569, in forced exile from Castile, Cervantes moved to Rome, where he worked as chamber assistant of a cardinal. Then he enlisted as a soldier in a Spanish Navy infantry regiment and continued his military life until 1575, when he was captured by Barbary pirates. After five years of captivity, he was released on payment of a ransom by his parents and the Trinitarians, a Catholic religious order, and he returned to his family in Madrid.

In 1585, Cervantes published ''La Galatea'', a pastoral novel. He worked as a purchasing agent for the Spanish Armada and later as a tax collector for the government. In 1597, discrepancies in his accounts for three years previous landed him in the Crown Jail of Seville.

In 1605, Cervantes was in Valladolid when the immediate success of the first part of his ''Don Quixote'', published in Madrid, signalled his return to the literary world. In 1607, he settled in Madrid, where he lived and worked until his death. During the last nine years of his life, Cervantes solidified his reputation as a writer, publishing ''Novelas ejemplares'' (''Exemplary Novels'') in 1613, ''Viaje del Parnaso'' (''Journey to Parnassus'') in 1614, and ''Ocho comedias y ocho entremeses'' and the second part of ''Don Quixote'' in 1615. His last work, ''Los trabajos de Persiles y Sigismunda'' (''The Travails of Persiles and Sigismunda''), was published posthumously in 1617. Provided by Wikipedia

1
by Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de
Published 1743
printed for and sold by C. Hitch in Pater-Noster Row, S. Birt in Ave-Mary Lane, J. Brindley, H. Chapelle, and W. Shropshire in New Bond-Street, and J. Atkinson in Lincoln's-Inn Square

2
by Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de
Published 1709
printed for D.Midwinter in St. Paul's Church-Yard, and B. Lintott in Fleet-Street: and sold by J. Morphew near Stationers-Hall

3
by Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de
Published 1716
printed for N. & M. Boddington, at the Golden Ball in Duck-Lane

5
by Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de
Published 1743
printed for D. Midwinter, W. Innys, R. Ware, A. Ward, J. and P. Knapton, T. Longman, D. Browne, C. Hitch, J. Hodges, A. Millar, J. Davidson, J. Hawkins, and J. and R. Tonson

6
by Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de
Published 1709
printed for D. Midwinter in St. Paul's Church-Yard, and B. Lintot in Fleet-Street: and sold by J. Morphew near Stationers-Hall

7
by Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de
Published 1755
printed for A. Millar, over against Catherine-Street, in the Strand; T. Osborn, T. and T. Longman, C. Hitch and L. Hawes, J. Hodges, and J. and J. Rivington

8
by Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de
Published 1781
se hallarán en las librerias de B. White, P. Elmsley, T. y T. Payne, y J. Robson
Subjects: '; ...Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de / 1547-1616 / Dictionaries, indexes, etc...

9
by Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de
Published 1769
printed for the translator; and sold by E. Carpenter and A. Bridgman, At No. 32, Fetter-Lane, Fleet-Street

11
by Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de
Published 1721
printed for D. Pratt, at the Bible and Crown against York-House in the Strand

12
by Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de
Published 1778
printed for F. Newbery, the Corner of St. Paul's Church-Yard

13
by Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de
Published 1728
printed by S. Farley; and sold by F. Wall, Bookseller, on the Tolze); James Warriner, in Bath; Henry Clements, in Oxford; Edw. Score, in Exeter; and John Palmer, in Gloucester

16
by Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de
Published 1792
printed for F. and C. Rivington, T. Longman, B. Law, G. G. J. and J. Robinson, J. Johnson, T. Cadell, R. Baldwin, W. Richardson, W. Goldsmith, J. Murray, J. Sewell, S. Hayes, W. Lowndes, J. Debrett, W. Fox, D. Ogilvy, and Co. and W. Miller

18
by Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de
Published 1786
printed for W. Longman, J. Caslon, T. Law, T. Nicol, W. Baldwin, and T. Fox