George Berkeley

Portrait of Berkeley by [[John Smybert]], 1727 George Berkeley (; 12 March 168514 January 1753) – known as Bishop Berkeley (Bishop of Cloyne) – was an Irish philosopher whose primary achievement was the advancement of a theory he called "immaterialism" (later referred to as "subjective idealism" by others). This theory denies the existence of material substance and instead contends that familiar objects like tables and chairs are only ideas in the minds of perceivers and, as a result, cannot exist without being perceived. Berkeley is also known for his critique of abstraction, an important premise in his argument for immaterialism.

Berkeley was the namesake of the city of Berkeley, California, which is most famous as the home of the University of California, Berkeley.

In 1709, Berkeley published his first major work, ''An Essay towards a New Theory of Vision'', in which he discussed the limitations of human vision and advanced the theory that the proper objects of sight are not material objects, but light and colour. This foreshadowed his chief philosophical work, ''A Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge'', in 1710, which, after its poor reception, he rewrote in dialogue form and published under the title ''Three Dialogues between Hylas and Philonous'' in 1713.

In this book, Berkeley's views were represented by Philonous (Greek: "lover of mind"), while Hylas (Greek: "matter") embodies the Irish thinker's opponents, in particular John Locke. Berkeley argued against Isaac Newton's doctrine of absolute space, time and motion in ''De Motu'' (On Motion), published 1721. His arguments were a precursor to the views of Mach and Einstein. In 1732, he published ''Alciphron'', a Christian apologetic against the free-thinkers, and in 1734, he published ''The Analyst'', a critique of the foundations of calculus, which was influential in the development of mathematics.

His last major philosophical work, ''Siris'' (1744), begins by advocating the medicinal use of tar water and then continues to discuss a wide range of topics, including science, philosophy, and theology. Interest in Berkeley's work increased after World War II because he tackled many of the issues of paramount interest to philosophy in the 20th century, such as the problems of perception, the difference between primary and secondary qualities, and the importance of language. Provided by Wikipedia

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by Berkeley, George
Published 1750
Printed for W. Inney ... [et al], and sold by M. Cooper
Other Authors: '; ...Berkeley, George...

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by Berkeley, George
Published 1737
Printed and sold by G. Faulkner

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by Berkeley, George
Published 1784
Printed for G. Robinson; and for C. Elliot, Edinburgh

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by Berkeley, George
Published 1789
Printed for Elliot and Kay, opposite Somerset-House, Strand; and sold by T. Cadell, and J. Gardner, Strand; and J. Murray, Fleet-Street; Simmons, Canterbury; Prince, Oxford; T. & J. Merrill, Cambridge; Todd, York; Smart, Worcester; Raikes, Gloucester; Pote, Eton; and Cruttwell, Bath

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by Berkeley, George
Published 1732
printed by J. Downing, in Bartholomew-Close, near West-Smithfield

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by Berkeley, George
Published 1732
printed for J. Tonson in the Strand

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by Berkeley, George
Published 1732
printed for J. Tonson in the Strand

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by Berkeley, George
Published 1752
printed for J. and R. Tonson and S. Draper in the Strand

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by Berkeley, George
Published 1784
Printed by J. Exshaw
Subjects: '; ...Berkeley, George / 1685-1753...

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by Berkeley, George
Published 1749
[s.n.]

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by Berkeley, George
Published 1724
Printed by H. Woodfall

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by Berkeley, George
Published 1721
Printed and sold by J. Roberts

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by Berkeley, George
Published 1725
[Printed for G. Risk ... [et al.]

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by Berkeley, George
Published 1736
Printed for J. Roberts

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by Berkeley, George
Published 1751
Printed and sold by R. & A. Foulis
Other Authors: '; ...Berkeley, George...

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by Berkeley, George
Published 1744
Dublin printed, London re-printed, for W. Innys, C. Hitch, and C. Davis

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by Berkeley, George
Published 1744
Dublin printed, London re-printed, for W. Innys, C. Hitch, and C. Davis

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by Berkeley, George
Published 1752
Printed for J. and R. Tonson and S. Draper

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by Berkeley, George
Published 1992
Springer Netherlands

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by Berkeley, George
Published 1725
printed by H. Woodfall, at Elzevir's-Head without Temple-Bar: and sold by J. Roberts, near the Oxford-Arms in Warwick-Lane