Aristotle

Roman copy in marble of a Greek bronze [[Bust (sculpture)|bust]] of Aristotle by [[Lysippos]], [[Circa|c.]] 330 BC, with modern [[alabaster]] [[mantle (clothing)|mantle]] Aristotle (; ''Aristotélēs'', ; 384–322 BC)}} was a Greek philosopher during the Classical period in Ancient Greece, the founder of the Lyceum and the Peripatetic school of philosophy and Aristotelian tradition. Along with his teacher Plato, he has been called the "Father of Western Philosophy". His writings cover many subjects – including physics, biology, zoology, metaphysics, logic, ethics, aesthetics, poetry, theatre, music, rhetoric, psychology, linguistics, economics, politics and government. Aristotle provided a complex synthesis of the various philosophies existing prior to him, and it was above all from his teachings that the West inherited its intellectual lexicon, as well as problems and methods of inquiry. As a result, his philosophy has exerted a unique influence on almost every form of knowledge in the West and it continues to be a subject of contemporary philosophical discussion.

Little is known about his life. Aristotle was born in the city of Stagira in Northern Greece. His father, Nicomachus, died when Aristotle was a child, and he was brought up by a guardian. At seventeen or eighteen years of age, he joined Plato's Academy in Athens and remained there until the age of thirty-seven (c. 347 BC). Shortly after Plato died, Aristotle left Athens and, at the request of Philip II of Macedon, tutored Alexander the Great beginning in 343 BC. He established a library in the Lyceum which helped him to produce many of his hundreds of books on papyrus scrolls. Though Aristotle wrote many elegant treatises and dialogues for publication, only around a third of his original output has survived, none of it intended for publication.

Aristotle's views on physical science profoundly shaped medieval scholarship. Their influence extended from Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages into the Renaissance, and were not replaced systematically until the Enlightenment and theories such as classical mechanics. Some of Aristotle's zoological observations found in his biology, such as on the hectocotyl (reproductive) arm of the octopus, were disbelieved until the 19th century. His works contain the earliest known formal study of logic, studied by medieval scholars such as Peter Abelard and John Buridan. Aristotle's influence on logic also continued well into the 19th century.

He influenced Islamic thought during the Middle Ages, as well as Christian theology, especially the Neoplatonism of the Early Church and the scholastic tradition of the Catholic Church. Aristotle was revered among medieval Muslim scholars as "The First Teacher" and among medieval Christians like Thomas Aquinas as simply "The Philosopher". His ethics, though always influential, gained renewed interest with the modern advent of virtue ethics, such as in the thinking of Alasdair MacIntyre and Philippa Foot. Provided by Wikipedia

1
by Aristotle
Published 1771
printed and sold by the booksellers
...Aristotle's compleat master-piece...

2
by Aristotle
Published 1776
printed, and sold by the booksellers

3
by Aristotle
Published 1704
printed for W.B. and to be sold by most booksellers in London and Westminster
...Aristotle's compleat master-piece...

4
by Aristotle
Published 1715
printed, and sold by the booksellers

5
by Aristotle
Published 1725
printed for John Marshall, at the Bible in Gracechurch-Street

6
by Aristotle
Published 1741
Printed for John Marshall, at the Bible in Gracechurch-street

7
by Aristotle
Published 1776
Printed for T. Payne, at the Mews Gate; B. White, in Fleet-street; and T. Cadell, in the Strand

8
by Aristotle
Published 1799
...Aristotle's Masterpiece...

9
by Aristotle
Published 1792
...Aristotle's compleat master-piece...

10
by Aristotle
Published 1775
Printed for J. Dodsley in Pall-Mall, and Messrs. Richardson and Urquhart, at the Royal Exchange

11
by Aristotle
Published 1749
Printed for R. Ware, on Ludgate-Hill, C. Hitch, in Pater-noster-Row, and J. Hodges, on London-Bridge
...Aristotle's compleat master-piece. Abridgments...

12
by Aristotle
Published 1749

13
by Aristotle
Published 1785
typis academicis excudebat J. Archdeacon. Prostant venales apud J. & J. Merrill, Cantabrigiæ; T. Cadell, B. White, P. Elmsly, et G. & T. Wilkie, Londini; J. & J. Fletcher, et D. Prince & J. Cooke, Oxoniæ

14
by Aristotle
Published 1753
Printed and sold by the booksellers
...Aristotle's compleat master-piece...

15
by Aristotle
Published 1741
Printed and sold by the booksellers
...Aristotle's compleat master-piece...

16
by Aristotle
Published 1709
Printed for D.B. and sold by E. Tracy, at the Three Bibles on London-Bridge

17
by Aristotle
Published 1714
printed for Daniel Browne, William Mears and Jonas Browne

18
by Aristotle
Published 1797
printed for A. Strahan; and T. Cadell jun. and W. Davies
Subjects: '; ...Aristotle / Nicomachean ethics...

19
by Aristotle
Published 1799
printed
...Aristotle's compleat master-piece...

20
by Aristotle
Published 1711
printed for Tho. Norris