Netherlands

Willemstad The Netherlands (, ) is a country located in Northwestern Europe with some overseas territories. In Europe, it consists of 12 provinces that border Germany to the east, Belgium to the south, and the North Sea to the northwest, with maritime borders in the North Sea with those countries and the United Kingdom. Together with three island territories in the Caribbean SeaBonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba—it forms a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The official language is Dutch, but a secondary official language in the province of Friesland is West Frisian.

The five largest cities in the Netherlands are Amsterdam, Rotterdam, The Hague, Utrecht, and Eindhoven. Amsterdam is the country's capital, while The Hague holds the seat of the States General, Cabinet and Supreme Court. The Port of Rotterdam is the largest port in Europe, and the largest in any country outside Asia. The country is a founding member of the EU, Eurozone, G10, NATO, OECD and WTO, as well as a part of the Schengen Area and the trilateral Benelux Union. It hosts several intergovernmental organisations and international courts, many of which are centered in The Hague, which is consequently dubbed 'the world's legal capital'.

''Netherlands'' literally means 'lower countries' in reference to its low elevation and flat topography, with only about 50% of its land exceeding above sea level, and nearly 17% falling below sea level. Most of the areas below sea level, known as ''polders'', are the result of land reclamation that began in the 16th century. With a population of 17.34 million people, all living within a total area of roughly —of which the land area is —the Netherlands is one of the most densely populated countries in the world. Nevertheless, it is the world's second-largest exporter of food and agricultural products (after the United States), owing to its fertile soil, mild climate, and intensive agriculture.

The Netherlands has been a parliamentary constitutional monarchy with a unitary structure since 1848. The country has a tradition of pillarisation and a long record of social tolerance, having legalised abortion, prostitution and human euthanasia, along with maintaining a progressive drug policy. The Netherlands abolished the death penalty in 1870, allowed women's suffrage in 1917, and became the world's first country to legalise same-sex marriage in 2001. Its mixed-market advanced economy had the thirteenth-highest per capita income globally. The Netherlands ranks among the highest in international indexes of press freedom, economic freedom, human development, and quality of life, as well as happiness.}} Provided by Wikipedia

1
by Wetenschappelijke Raad voor het Regeringsbele
Published 2005
Amsterdam University Press
Other Authors: '; ...The Netherlands Scientific Council for Govern...

2
by Philip
Published 1631
Chez la vefue de Hubert Anthoine
...Netherlands...

3
Published 1597
By Rutgeert Velpius
Subjects: '; ...Netherlands / History / Wars of Independence, 1556-1648 / Economic aspects...

4
by Philip
Published 1632
Chez la vefue d'Hubert Antoine dict Velpius
...Netherlands...

5
by Verwer, Adriaen
Published 1730
By Jan Boom
Subjects: '; ...Maritime law / Netherlands / Early works to 1800...

6
Published 1594
By de weduwe van Guiliam van Parijs
Subjects: '; ...Netherlands / History / Wars of Independence, 1556-1648 / Economic aspects...

7
by Philip
Published 1632
Chez la vefue d'Hubert Antoine dict Velpius
Subjects: '; ...Netherlands / History / Wars of Independence, 1556-1648 / Communications...

8
Published 1844
A.C. Kruseman
Subjects: '; ...Taxation / Netherlands...

10
Published 1580
By Christoffel Plantijn
Subjects: '; ...Tariff / Law and legislation / Netherlands / Early works to 1800...

11
Published 1633
Chez Hierosme Verdussen
...Netherlands...

12
Published 1651
Por Domingo Garcia y Morràs
Subjects: '; ...Netherlands / Commerce / Spain / Early works to 1800...

13
by Philip
Published 1627
Chez Hubert Anthoine
...Netherlands...

14
Published 1623
By Huybrecht Anthoon
...Netherlands...

15
Published 1580
By Guilliaem van Parijs
Subjects: '; ...Money / Netherlands / Early works to 1800...

17
by Philip
Published 1626
Chez Hubert Antoine
Subjects: '; ...Netherlands / History / Wars of Independence, 1556-1648 / Communications...

18
by Philip
Published 1627
Chez Hubert Anthoine
...Netherlands...

19
Published 1621
By Hieronymus Verdussen
...Netherlands...

20
Published 1633
By Hieronymus Verdussen
...Netherlands...