Massachusetts General Court

Old State House The Massachusetts General Court (formally styled the General Court of Massachusetts) is the state legislature of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. The name "General Court" is a hold-over from the earliest days of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, when the colonial assembly, in addition to making laws, sat as a judicial court of appeals. Before the adoption of the state constitution in 1780, it was called the ''Great and General Court,'' but the official title was shortened by John Adams, author of the state constitution. It is a bicameral body. The upper house is the Massachusetts Senate which is composed of 40 members. The lower body, the Massachusetts House of Representatives, has 160 members. (Until 1978, it had 240 members.) It meets in the Massachusetts State House on Beacon Hill in Boston.

The current President of the Senate is Karen Spilka, and the Speaker of the House is Robert DeLeo. Since 1959, Democrats have controlled both houses of the Massachusetts General Court, often by large majorities. The Democrats enjoyed veto-proof supermajorities in both chambers for part of the 1990s (i.e., enough votes to override vetoes by a governor) and also presently hold supermajorities in both chambers.

State Senators and Representatives both serve two-year terms. There are no term limits; a term limit was enacted by initiative in Massachusetts in 1994, but in 1997 this was struck down by the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court, which ruled that it was an unconstitutional attempt to provide additional qualifications for office by statute, rather than constitutional amendment.

The legislature is a full-time legislature, although not to the extent of neighboring New York or some other states.

As of 2018, the General Court was composed of 75 percent male and 25 percent female representation. Provided by Wikipedia

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Published 1729
Printed by T. Fleet, in Pudding-Lane
...Massachusetts General Court...

2
by Parsons, David
Published 1788
printed by Adams & Nourse
...Massachusetts General Court...

3
by Robbins, Chandler
Published 1791
printed by Thomas Adams, printer to the Honourable the General Court
...Massachusetts General Court...

4
by Gordon, William
Published 1775
Printed and sold by Benjamin Edes
...Massachusetts General Court...

5
by Danforth, Samuel
Published 1714
Printed by B. Green: sold by Samuel Gerrish, at his shop on the north side of the town-house
...Massachusetts General Court...

6
by Williams, William
Published 1726
Printed by B. Green, printer to His Excellency the governour & Council, for Daniel Henchman at his shop
...Massachusetts General Court...

7
by Russel, Jonathan
Published 1704
Printed by Bartholomew Green, for Benjamin Eliot, at his shop under the west end of the Town-House
...Massachusetts General Court...

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by Rogers, John
Published 1706
Printed by B. Green: Sold by Benj. Eliot under the west end of the Town-House
...Massachusetts General Court...

9
by Sewall, Joseph
Published 1762
Printed by John Draper, printer to His Excellency the governor, and the Honourable His Majesty's Council: and, by Edes and Gill, printers to the Honourable House of Representatives
...Massachusetts General Court...

10
by Tappan, David
Published 1792
At the State Press, by Thomas Adams, printer to the Honourable the General Court
...Massachusetts General Court...

11
by Belcher, Joseph
Published 1701
Printed by B. Green, and J. Allen. Sold by Samuel Sewall Junior
...Massachusetts General Court...

12
by Foxcroft, Thomas
Published 1727
Printed for S. Gerrish, at the lower end of Cornhill
...Massachusetts General Court...

13
by Payson, Phillips
Published 1778
Printed by John Gill, printer to the General Assembly
...Massachusetts General Court...

14
by Stillman, Samuel
Published 1779
printed by T. and J. Fleet, and J. Gill
...Massachusetts General Court...

15
by Thacher, Peter
Published 1800
--Printed by Young & Minns
...Massachusetts General Court...

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by Mayhew, Jonathan
Published 1754
Printed by Samuel Kneeland, printer to the Honourable House of Representatives
...Massachusetts General Court...

17
by Stevens, Benjamin
Published 1761
Printed by John Draper, printer to His Excellency the governor and the Honorable His Majesty's Council
...Massachusetts General Court...

18
by Hutchinson, Thomas
Published 1773
Printed by Edes and Gill, in Queen-Street
...Massachusetts General Court...

19
by Appleton, Nathaniel
Published 1757
Printed by John Draper, printer to the Honourable His Majesty's Council
...Massachusetts General Court...

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by Williams, John
Published 1707
Printed by B. Green. Sold by Samuel Gerrish at his shop near the Old-Meeting-House
...Massachusetts General Court...