Bank of England

''Sealing of the Bank of England Charter (1694)'', by Lady Jane Lindsay, 1905 The Bank of England is the central bank of the United Kingdom and the model on which most modern central banks have been based. Established in 1694 to act as the English Government's banker, and still one of the bankers for the Government of the United Kingdom, it is the world's eighth-oldest bank. It was privately owned by stockholders from its foundation in 1694 until it was nationalised in 1946 by the Attlee ministry.

In 2009, a request made to HM Treasury under the Freedom of Information Act sought details about the 3% Bank of England stock owned by unnamed shareholders whose identity the Bank is not at liberty to disclose. In a letter of reply dated 15 October 2009, HM Treasury explained that. '''Some of the 3% Treasury stock which was used to compensate former owners of Bank stock has not been redeemed. However, interest is paid out twice a year and it is not the case that this has been accumulating and compounding.'''

The Bank became an independent public organisation in 1998, wholly owned by the Treasury Solicitor on behalf of the government, but with independence in setting monetary policy.

The Bank is one of eight banks authorised to issue banknotes in the United Kingdom, has a monopoly on the issue of banknotes in England and Wales and regulates the issue of banknotes by commercial banks in Scotland and Northern Ireland.

The Bank's Monetary Policy Committee has a devolved responsibility for managing monetary policy. The Treasury has reserve powers to give orders to the committee "if they are required in the public interest and by extreme economic circumstances", but such orders must be endorsed by Parliament within 28 days. The Bank's Financial Policy Committee held its first meeting in June 2011 as a macroprudential regulator to oversee regulation of the UK's financial sector.

The Bank's headquarters have been in London's main financial district, the City of London, on Threadneedle Street, since 1734. It is sometimes known as ''The Old Lady of Threadneedle Street'', a name taken from a satirical cartoon by James Gillray in 1797. The road junction outside is known as Bank junction.

As a regulator and central bank, the Bank of England has not offered consumer banking services for many years, but it still does manage some public-facing services such as exchanging superseded bank notes. Until 2016, the bank provided personal banking services as a privilege for employees. Provided by Wikipedia

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The gentleman, tradesman, and traveller's pocket library : Containing 1. A Short System of Geography. 2. The Political History of Europe. 3. A View of the Constitution of Great-Britains 4. A List of the House of Peers. 5. Of Superscriptions and Forms of Address. 6. A List of the Places at Court, with their respective Salaries. 7. A Description of England. 8. The most remarkable Curiosities in Great-Britain and Ireland. 9. A Description of London, with a List of the Companies. 10. The Postage of Letters to and from the General and Penny-Post-Office. 11. Rates of Hackney-Coachmen, Chairmen, Casmen, and Watermen. 12. The History and Rationale of the Stocks or public Funds. 13. Forms of Receipts, Notes, Inland and Foreign Bills of Exchange. &c. 14. Law Forms of general Use. 15. The Weight and Value of Foreign Gold and Silver Coins. 16. Of the Knowledge of Mankind. 17. The Prices of the different Works of Bricklayers, Masons, Carpenters, Joiners, Carvers, Plumbers, Slaters, Painters, Plaisterers, Paviors, and Smiths. 18. Of the Management of Horses, particularly when on a Journey, and Receipts for curing the Diseases to which they are subject. 19. A Est of the Stage-Coaches and Carriers in Great-Britain. 20. Directions for those who travel into Foreign Countries, with Dialogues in several European Languages for their Use. 21. Some Account of the Principal Curiosities in Europe, Asia, Africa and America. By a gentleman of the Bank of England. To which are added, correct tables for the use of all who...
by Gentleman of the Bank of England
Published 1753
printed for the author, and sold by J. Newbery, at the Bible and Sun, in St. Paul's-Churchyard

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by Macardy, Joseph
Published 1834
J. Pigot
Subjects: '; ...Banks and banking / England...

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Published 1711
s.n
...Bank of England...

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Published 1709
Subjects: '; ...Bank of England / Finance...

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Published 1747
Subjects: '; ...Bank of England...

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by Morice, Catherine
Published 1737
s.n
...Bank of England...

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Published 1721
printed by John Humfreys
Subjects: '; ...Bank of England / Early works to 1800...

9
Published 1791
Printed for Francis Walsh: and also by Hughes and Walsh, stationers, Inner-Temple-Lane: Wells, Grosvenor, and Chater, Cornhill; H.D. Symonds, Pater-Noster-Row; J. Edwards, No. 17, Conduit-street, Hanover-square; and J. Blackbourn, at the Stock Exchange
...Bank of England...

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Published 1797
s.n
Subjects: '; ...Bank of England...

11
Published 1791
printed for Francis Walsh, of the Unclaimed Dividend office at the Bank, and sold by Hughes and Walsh, Stationers, Inner-Temple-Lane; Welles, Grosvenor, and Chater, Cornhill; H.D. Symonds, Pater-Noster-Row; J. Edwards, No. 17, Conduit-Street, Hanover-Square; and J. Blackbourn, at the Stock Exchange. Where may be had Former List of Unclaimed Dividends to the Year 1789
Subjects: '; ...Banks and banking / England / London...

12
Published 1791
printed for Francis Walsh: and sold by Hughes and Walsh, Stationers, Inner-Temple-Lane; Wells, Grosvenor, and Chater, Cornhill; H. D. Symonds, Pater Noster-Row; J. Edwards, No. 17, Conduit-Street, Hanover square and J. Blackbourn, at the Stock Exchange
Subjects: '; ...Banks and banking / England / London...

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Published 1727
Subjects: '; ...Bank of England / Charters...

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Published 1797
Subjects: '; ...Bank of England...

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Published 1800
printed by Bunney and Gold, Shoe-Lane, for Francis Walsh, of the Unclaimed Dividend Office at the Bank; and sold by Hughes, Walsh, and Son, Stationers, Inner Temple-Lane; Grosvenor, Chater, and Grosvenor, Cornhill; and H.D. Symonds, Paternoster-Row
Subjects: '; ...Bank of England / Registers / Early works to 1800...

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Published 1713
...Bank of England...

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Published 1758
Subjects: '; ...Bank of England / Charters...

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Published 1803
J. March
Subjects: '; ...Bank of England / Registers...

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by A. B.
Published 1818
Printed for the editor of the British Press
Subjects: '; ...Bank of England...