Austria

The [[Battle of Vienna Austria (, ; ), officially the Republic of Austria (, ), is a land-locked East Alpine country in the south part of Central Europe. It is composed of nine federated states (''Bundeslände''r), one of which is Vienna, Austria's capital and its largest city. It is bordered by Germany to the northwest, the Czech Republic to the north, Slovakia to the northeast, Hungary to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west. Austria occupies an area of and has a population of nearly 9 million people. While German is the country's official language, many Austrians communicate informally in a variety of Bavarian dialects.

Austria initially emerged as a margraviate around 976 and developed into a duchy and archduchy. In the 16th century, Austria started serving as the heart of the Habsburg Monarchy and the junior branch of the House of Habsburg – one of the most influential royal dynasties in history. As an archduchy, it was a major component and administrative centre of the Holy Roman Empire. Following the Holy Roman Empire's dissolution, Austria established its own empire in the 19th century, which became a great power and the leading force of the German Confederation. After its abolishment, the Austrian Empire pursued its own course independent of the affairs of other German States. Following the Austro-Prussian War and the compromise with Hungary, the Dual Monarchy was established.

Austria was involved in World War I under Emperor Franz Joseph following the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand, the presumptive successor to the Austro-Hungarian throne. After the defeat and the dissolution of the Monarchy, the Republic of German-Austria was proclaimed with the intent of the union with Germany, which eventually failed because of the Allied Powers and the state remained unrecognized. In 1919 the First Austrian Republic became the legal successor of Austria. In 1938, the Austrian-born Adolf Hitler, who became the Chancellor of the German Reich, achieved the annexation of Austria by the Anschluss. Following the defeat of Nazi Germany in 1945 and an extended period of Allied occupation, Austria was re-established as a sovereign and self-governing democratic nation known as the Second Republic.

Austria is a parliamentary representative democracy with a directly elected Federal President as head of state and a Chancellor as head of the federal government. Major urban areas of Austria include Graz, Linz, Salzburg and Innsbruck. Austria is consistently ranked in the top 20 richest countries in the world by GDP per capita terms. The country has achieved a high standard of living and in 2018 was ranked 20th in the world for its Human Development Index. Vienna consistently ranks in the top internationally on quality-of-life indicators.

The Second Republic declared its perpetual neutrality in foreign political affairs in 1955. Austria has been a member of the United Nations since 1955 and joined the European Union in 1995. It plays host to the OSCE and OPEC and is a founding member of the OECD and Interpol. Austria also signed the Schengen Agreement in 1995, and adopted the euro currency in 1999. Provided by Wikipedia

1
by Schwabe, Vincenz
Published 1844
Aus der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Hof- und Staats-Aerarial Druckerei
Subjects: '; ...Pensions / Law and legislation / Austria...

2
Published 1556
Gedruckt durch H. Syngriener
Subjects: '; ...Coin design / Law and legislation / Austria...

3
Published 1560
Gedruckt durch M. Zimmerman
Subjects: '; ...Coin design / Law and legislation / Austria...

4
Published 1758
Per Giuseppe Richino Malatesta
Subjects: '; ...Austria / Foreign economic relations...

5
Published 1724
Gedruckt bey J.P. Van Ghelen
Subjects: '; ...Animal industry / Law and legislation / Austria...

6
by Isabella Clara Eugenia
Published 1607
By Rutgeert Delphius
Other Authors: '; ...Albert, Archduke of Austria...

7
by Kaltenbaeck, Johann Paul
Published 1846
[s.n.]
Subjects: '; ...Money / Austria...

8
Published 1756
s.n
Subjects: '; ...Finance, Public / Law and legislation / Austria...

10
Published 1770
s.n
Subjects: '; ...Lotteries / Law and legislation / Austria...

11
Published 1847
s.n
Subjects: '; ...Meat / Prices / Austria / Vienna...

12
Published 1686
Gedruckt bey H.F. Sibilla
Subjects: '; ...Italy / Commerce / Austria...

13
Published 1850
C. Gerold
Subjects: '; ...Austria / Commerce / Statistics...

14
Published 1785
Bei S. Hartl
Subjects: '; ...Turkey / Commerce / Austria...

15
Published 2017
Austrian Academy of Sciences Press
...International SEECHAC Colloquium ( 2013, Vienna, Austria)...

16
Published 1742
Printed for T. Cooper
...Austria Sovereign (1740-1780 : Maria Theresa)...

17
Published 1843
[s.n.]
Subjects: '; ...Austria / Commerce...

18
Published 1775
Gedruckt bey Johann Thomas Edlen von Trattnern
Subjects: '; ...Tariff / Law and legislation / Austria...

19
Published 1837
s.n
Subjects: '; ...Industries / Austria / Exhibitions...

20
Published 1764
s.n
Subjects: '; ...Austria / Commercial policy...