Volcanic Processes Monitoring and Hazard Assessment Using Integration of Remote Sensing and Ground-Based Techniques

The monitoring of active volcanoes is a complex task based on multidisciplinary and integrated analyses that use ground, drones and satellite monitoring devices. Over time, and with the development of new technologies and increasing frequency of acquisition, the use of remote sensing to accomplish t...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Author: Calvari, Sonia
Other Authors: Bonaccorso, Alessandro, Cappello, Annalisa, Giudicepietro, Flora
Format: eBook
Language:English
Published: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute 2022
Subjects:
N/a
Fem
Online Access:
Collection: Directory of Open Access Books - Collection details see MPG.ReNa
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245 0 0 |a Volcanic Processes Monitoring and Hazard Assessment Using Integration of Remote Sensing and Ground-Based Techniques  |h Elektronische Ressource 
260 |b MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute  |c 2022 
300 |a 1 electronic resource (322 p.) 
653 |a volcanic hazard 
653 |a primary lahars 
653 |a volcano deformation 
653 |a volcanic deformation 
653 |a 1877 eruption 
653 |a integrated DInSAR and GNSS time series 
653 |a paroxysmal explosive eruptions 
653 |a lava fountains 
653 |a morphological monitoring 
653 |a n/a 
653 |a deformation and gravity joint inversion 
653 |a topography correction 
653 |a classification of mild Strombolian events 
653 |a ground deformation 
653 |a source parameters 
653 |a total erupted mass 
653 |a Long Valley Caldera 
653 |a automated detection 
653 |a mass eruption rate 
653 |a neural networks 
653 |a ground-based thermal imagery 
653 |a intrusion density 
653 |a History of engineering & technology / bicssc 
653 |a ash plume height 
653 |a mass discharge rate time-series 
653 |a digital elevation models 
653 |a lahar hazard assessment 
653 |a Technology: general issues / bicssc 
653 |a extensive parameters 
653 |a heterogenous crust 
653 |a geological mapping 
653 |a paroxysmal explosions 
653 |a heat flux 
653 |a SO2 flux 
653 |a lava delta 
653 |a ground and remote sensing monitoring 
653 |a major explosive events 
653 |a geochemical crisis 
653 |a seismo-acoustic signals 
653 |a plume height 
653 |a eruption precursors 
653 |a drone-imagery 
653 |a effusive activity 
653 |a satellite thermal imagery 
653 |a paroxysmal explosive and effusive episodes 
653 |a Vulcano Island 
653 |a LiDAR 
653 |a tephra 
653 |a remote sensing 
653 |a total grain-size distribution 
653 |a slope failure 
653 |a numerical modeling 
653 |a PLÉIADES 
653 |a repeated bathymetric surveys 
653 |a geodetic dataset 
653 |a Stromboli volcano 
653 |a cinder cone instability 
653 |a FEM 
653 |a ash plume 
653 |a lava fountain 
653 |a Landsat 8 satellite images 
653 |a pyroclastic density currents 
653 |a CO2 flux 
653 |a volcano monitoring 
653 |a Cotopaxi volcano 
653 |a ground-based visible and thermal imagery 
653 |a early warning applications 
653 |a self-organizing map 
653 |a natural hazards 
653 |a Etna volcano 
700 1 |a Bonaccorso, Alessandro 
700 1 |a Cappello, Annalisa 
700 1 |a Giudicepietro, Flora 
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520 |a The monitoring of active volcanoes is a complex task based on multidisciplinary and integrated analyses that use ground, drones and satellite monitoring devices. Over time, and with the development of new technologies and increasing frequency of acquisition, the use of remote sensing to accomplish this important task has grown enormously. This is especially so with the use of drones and satellites for classifying eruptive events and detecting the opening of new vents, the spreading of lava flows on the surface or ash plumes in the atmosphere, the fallout of tephra on the ground, the intrusion of new magma within the volcano edifice, and the deformation preceding impending eruptions, and many other factors. The main challenge in using remote sensing techniques is to develop automated and reliable systems that may assist the decision maker in volcano monitoring, hazard assessment and risk reduction. The integration with ground-based techniques represents a valuable additional aspect that makes the proposed methods more robust and reinforces the results obtained. This collection of papers is focused on several active volcanoes, such as Stromboli, Etna, and Volcano in Italy; the Long Valley caldera and Kilauea volcano in the USA; and Cotopaxi in Ecuador.