World Trade Law and the Emergence of International Electricity Markets

The expansion of cross-border power transmission infrastructures and the regional integration of electricity markets are accelerating on several continents. The internationalization of trade in electric energy is embedded in an even greater transformation: the transition from fossil fuels to renewab...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Author: Frey, Christopher
Format: eBook
Published: Cham Springer International Publishing 2022, 2022
Edition:1st ed. 2022
Series:EYIEL Monographs - Studies in European and International Economic Law
Online Access:
Collection: Springer eBooks 2005- - Collection details see MPG.ReNa
Table of Contents:
  • Part 1: Setting the Scene: The Technical and Regulatory Foundations and the Emergence of International Electricity Markets
  • Introduction
  • Technical Aspects of Electricity Systems
  • Regulatory and Commercial Aspects of the Electricity Sector
  • The Advent of International Electricity Trade
  • Final Conclusions to Part 1
  • Part 2: World Trade Law and the Regulation of Electricity Trade
  • Introduction
  • WTO Law and the Regulation of Electricity Trade
  • The Energy Charter Treaty and the Regulation of Electricity Trade
  • The Relationship between the ECT and the WTO Agreements
  • Electricity in other Preferential Trade Agreements
  • Final Conclusions to Part 2
  • Part 3: Barriers to Electricity Trade and the Role of World Trade Law
  • Introduction
  • A Typology of International Trade Issues in the Electricity Sector
  • Market Structure as an Impediment to International Trade in Electricity: Vertical Integration, Monopolies and State Ownership
  • Interlude: The Role of Private Actors in the Electricity Sector and the Application of WTO Law
  • Quantitative Import and Export Restrictions
  • Transit of Electricity
  • Final Conclusions to Part 3
  • Part 4: Towards a Coherent Regulatory Framework for International Electricity Trade
  • Introduction
  • An Integrated Approach for the Energy Sector or Electricity-Specific Rules?
  • Building Blocks of a Multilateral Regulatory Regime for Electricity Trade
  • Finding the Right Forum: Where Should Electricity-Specific Trade Rules be Defined?
  • Final Conclusions to Part 4
  • General Conclusions