U.S. global defense posture, 1783-2011

Debates over the U.S. global defense posture are not new. As policymakers today evaluate the U.S. forward military presence, it is important that they understand how and why the U.S. global posture has changed in the past. Today's posture is under increasing pressure from a number of sources, i...

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Main Author: Pettyjohn, Stacie L.
Format: eBook
Language:English
Published: Santa Monica, California RAND 2012, 2012
Series:Rand Corporation monograph series
Subjects:
Online Access:
Collection: JSTOR Open Access Books - Collection details see MPG.ReNa
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100 1 |a Pettyjohn, Stacie L. 
245 0 0 |a U.S. global defense posture, 1783-2011  |h Elektronische Ressource  |c Stacie L. Pettyjohn 
260 |a Santa Monica, California  |b RAND  |c 2012, 2012 
300 |a xx, 124 pages  |b illustrations (some color), maps (some color), color charts 
505 0 |a Includes bibliographical references (pages 111-124) 
505 0 |a Framework for U.S. posture -- Extent of the U.S. overseas military presence -- Operational orientation of American forces -- Continental defense, 1783-1815 -- Continental defense and commercialism, 1815-1898 -- Transition period, 1898-1905 -- Oceanic posture -- Hemispheric defense (hemispheric anti-access/area denial) -- Perimeter defense in-depth, 1943-1949 -- Consolidated defense-in-depth -- Transitioning from perimeter defense-in-depth to consolidated defense-in-depth -- Expeditionary defense-in-depth -- Comparing the GDPR to perimeter defense-in-depth -- Findings and recommendations -- Recommendations -- Concluding thoughts 
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653 |a TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Military Science 
653 |a HISTORY / Military / Other 
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653 |a Military readiness 
653 |a Armed Forces 
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520 |a Debates over the U.S. global defense posture are not new. As policymakers today evaluate the U.S. forward military presence, it is important that they understand how and why the U.S. global posture has changed in the past. Today's posture is under increasing pressure from a number of sources, including budgetary constraints, precision-guided weapons that reduce the survivability of forward bases, and host-nation opposition to a U.S. military presence. This monograph aims to describe the evolution of the U.S. global defense posture from 1783 to the present and to explain how the United States has grown from a relatively weak and insular regional power that was primarily concerned with territorial defense into the preeminent global power, with an expansive system of overseas bases and forward-deployed forces that enable it to conduct expeditionary operations around the globe. This historical overview has important implications for current policy and future efforts to develop an American military strategy, in particular the scope, size, and type of military presence overseas. As new and unpredictable threats emerge, alliance relationships are revised, and resources decline, past efforts at dealing with similar problems yield important lessons for future decisions. The author draws recommendations out of these lessons that touch on the importance of strategic planning; the need to think globally; the desirability of a lighter, more agile footprint overseas; and more