E-interventions for alcohol misuse

Thus, electronic interventions (e-interventions) may prove a useful way to extend the reach of traditional interventions for alcohol misuse or AUD. Eighty-seven percent of the U.S. population uses the Internet. Thus, e-interventions have the potential to reach those individuals with drinking problem...

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Main Author: Dedert, Eric
Corporate Authors: Quality Enhancement Research Initiative (U.S.), United States Department of Veterans Affairs, Durham VA Medical Center Evidence-based Synthesis Program Center
Format: eBook
Language:English
Published: Washington, DC Department of Veterans Affairs September 2014, 2014
Series:Evidence-based synthesis program
Online Access:
Collection: National Center for Biotechnology Information - Collection details see MPG.ReNa
Summary:Thus, electronic interventions (e-interventions) may prove a useful way to extend the reach of traditional interventions for alcohol misuse or AUD. Eighty-seven percent of the U.S. population uses the Internet. Thus, e-interventions have the potential to reach those individuals with drinking problems who wish to remain anonymous; those who live at great distance from, cannot afford, or have little time for traditional therapy; and shift workers who need treatment to be available during non-standard business hours. Given that Veterans can encounter most, if not all, of these barriers to accessing care for alcohol misuse, e-interventions may prove a promising new avenue, especially for the younger, more Internet-savvy Veterans returning from Iraq and Afghanistan.
Although prior reviews have evaluated computer-based interventions for alcohol misuse, our study includes a broader array of e-interventions, evaluates effects separately for student and non-student populations, and focuses on studies that report longer term, clinically important outcomes. In order to inform policy on alcohol misuse for VHA, we offer a systematic review of the randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing CD-ROM-based, web-based, interactive voice response (IVR), or mobile applications of e-interventions for alcohol misuse. We assess for changes in alcohol consumption, effects on medical health, and social or legal consequences of alcohol misuse
Alcohol misuse is the third leading cause of preventable death in the United States and the third leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The associated costs amount to more than 1% of the gross national product in high- and middle-income countries. Substance use disorders, including alcohol use disorder (AUD), are among the most common and most costly conditions in Veterans presenting for treatment in the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) system. Traditional treatment for AUD--intensive, but time-limited initial interventions, then less intensive follow-up care--can be prohibitive because of barriers such as sufficient funding, time, and adequately trained personnel. Even screening and brief interventions for less severe alcohol misuse, which have been recommended by the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF), require financial and clinical resource investments that can be problematic.
Item Description:Title from PDF title page
Physical Description:1 online resource (1 PDF file (iv, 96 pages)) illustrations