Non-Polysaccharide Plant Polymeric Materials

Plants are the most important renewable source of feedstock for polymeric materials. They are a resource of monomers and macromolecules after the appropriate chemical treatment. By analogy with the petrochemistry industry, plant macromolecules are depolymerized into simpler units which are generally...

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Main Author: Jose Alejandro Heredia-Guerrero
Other Authors: Athanassia Athanassiou
Format: eBook
Published: Frontiers Media SA 2016
Subjects:
Online Access:
Collection: Directory of Open Access Books - Collection details see MPG.ReNa
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100 1 |a Jose Alejandro Heredia-Guerrero 
245 0 0 |a Non-Polysaccharide Plant Polymeric Materials  |h Elektronische Ressource 
260 |b Frontiers Media SA  |c 2016 
300 |a 1 electronic resource (61 p.) 
653 |a Kerogen 
653 |a Chemistry 
653 |a suberin 
653 |a Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) 
653 |a Science (General) 
653 |a CORK 
653 |a Plant polymers 
653 |a Materials of engineering and construction. Mechanics of materials 
653 |a Cutin 
653 |a sporopollenin 
653 |a Agro-waste 
700 1 |a Athanassia Athanassiou 
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520 |a Plants are the most important renewable source of feedstock for polymeric materials. They are a resource of monomers and macromolecules after the appropriate chemical treatment. By analogy with the petrochemistry industry, plant macromolecules are depolymerized into simpler units which are generally chemically modified and re-bound to produce new polymers. The properties of these polymers are usually tailored by small chemical changes in their molecular structure, or by the polymerization of plant monomers with other molecules. Another interesting strategy for the formation of polymeric materials is the direct use of plant macromolecules in the form of blends, composites, grafted polymers, multilayer systems, etc. The interactions and assemblies of the different components allow the control of the final features of such materials. Traditionally, polysaccharides, with cellulose as the main protagonist, have been the most used substances. However, as consequence of a growing demand of functional plastics, other plant macromolecules, habitually considered wastes, have started to become valuable raw materials. Lignin and plant proteins (mainly, soy protein, wheat gluten, and zein) are classical examples. Also, suberin has been highlighted in this field. Other plant polymers such as the cutin and the sporopollenin are promising alternatives. Furthermore, other minority plant polymers, e.g. cutan or algaenan, could be potential sources of materials. The different chemistry, structure, intrinsic properties and functions of these macromolecules in the plants are a strong inspiration for the development of novel and interesting polymeric materials. Here, in this Research Topic, we welcome the submission of manuscripts related to the production, extraction, processability, synthesis, characterization and applications of non-polysaccharides plant materials