Individual Choice or Policies? Drivers of Female Employment in Europe

Female labor force participation has increased markedly in many European countries during the past decades. Nonetheless, participation rates remain low in some economies, and a significant gender gap persists in most countries. Using micro-level data to control for factors that influence personal ch...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Author: Christiansen, Lone Engbo
Other Authors: Lin, Huidan, Pereira, Joana, Topalova, Petia
Format: eBook
Language:English
Published: Washington, D.C. International Monetary Fund 2016
Series:IMF Working Papers
Subjects:
Online Access:
Collection: International Monetary Fund - Collection details see MPG.ReNa
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245 0 0 |a Individual Choice or Policies? Drivers of Female Employment in Europe  |c Lone Engbo Christiansen, Huidan Lin, Joana Pereira, Petia Topalova, Rima Turk 
260 |a Washington, D.C.  |b International Monetary Fund  |c 2016 
300 |a 44 pages 
651 4 |a Germany 
653 |a Women 
653 |a Gender diversity 
653 |a Gender studies; women & girls 
653 |a Labour; income economics 
653 |a Employment; Economic theory 
653 |a Economics of Gender 
653 |a Non-labor Discrimination 
653 |a Aggregate Labor Productivity 
653 |a Unemployment 
653 |a Aggregate Human Capital 
653 |a Gender studies, gender groups 
653 |a Labor 
653 |a Labor Economics: General 
653 |a Labor force participation 
653 |a Gender Studies 
653 |a Labor market 
653 |a Macroeconomics 
653 |a Sex role 
653 |a Wages 
653 |a Intergenerational Income Distribution 
653 |a Labor Standards: Labor Force Composition 
653 |a Women''s Studies' 
653 |a Employment 
653 |a Labor economics 
653 |a Gender 
700 1 |a Lin, Huidan 
700 1 |a Pereira, Joana 
700 1 |a Topalova, Petia 
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520 |a Female labor force participation has increased markedly in many European countries during the past decades. Nonetheless, participation rates remain low in some economies, and a significant gender gap persists in most countries. Using micro-level data to control for factors that influence personal choice, we re-examine the determinants of female employment in Europe. The results highlight the importance of positive attitudes towards women working and individual characteristics such as years of education and number of children. However, even after controlling for these factors, policies are also key drivers of female employment