Growing (Un)equal : Fiscal Policy and Income Inequality in China and BRIC+

This paper investigates the empirical characteristics of income inequality in China and a panel of BRIC+ countries over the period 1980-2013, with a focus on the redistributive contribution of fiscal policy. Using instrumental variable techniques to deal with potential endogeneity, we find evidence...

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Main Author: Cevik, Serhan
Other Authors: Correa-Caro, Carolina
Format: eBook
Language:English
Published: Washington, D.C. International Monetary Fund 2015, 2015
Series:IMF Working Papers; Working Paper
Subjects:
Online Access:
Collection: International Monetary Fund - Collection details see MPG.ReNa
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520 |a This paper investigates the empirical characteristics of income inequality in China and a panel of BRIC+ countries over the period 1980-2013, with a focus on the redistributive contribution of fiscal policy. Using instrumental variable techniques to deal with potential endogeneity, we find evidence supporting the hypothesis of the existence of a Kuznets curve-an inverted Ushaped relationship between income inequality and economic development-in China and the panel of BRIC+ countries. In the case of China, the empirical results indicate that government spending and taxation have opposing effects on income inequality. While government spending appears to have a worsening impact, taxation improves income distribution. Even though the redistributive effect of fiscal policy in China appears to be stronger than what we identify in the BRIC+ panel, it is not large enough to compensate for the adverse impact of other influential factors