Genetic Diversity and Erosion in Plants Case Histories

Genetic erosion is the loss of genetic diversity within a species. It can happen very quickly, due to catastrophic events, or changes in land use leading to habitat loss. But it can also occur more gradually and remain unnoticed for a long time. One of the main causes of genetic erosion is the repla...

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Bibliographic Details
Other Authors: Ahuja, M.R. (Editor), Jain, S. Mohan (Editor)
Format: eBook
Language:English
Published: Cham Springer International Publishing 2016, 2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Series:Sustainable Development and Biodiversity
Subjects:
Online Access:
Collection: Springer eBooks 2005- - Collection details see MPG.ReNa
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505 0 |a 1. Genetic diversity, erosion and conservation in oil palm -- 2. Genetic diversity, erosion and conservation in rice -- 3. Genetic diversity and erosion in berries -- 4. Date palm biodiversity erosion and means to control -- 5. Genetic diversity and erosion in passiflora -- 6. Genetic diversity and erosion in rubber -- 7. Estimating genetic erosion using examples of Picea chihuahuana -- 8. Genetic erosion and in situ conservation of Lima bean (Phaseolus lunatus L.) landraces in its Mesoamerican diversity center -- 9. Genetic diversity of Greek Aegilops species using different types of nuclear genome markers -- 10. Genetic Diversity and erosion in olive -- 11. Genetic Diversity, Genetic Erosion, Conservation of Genetic Resources and Cultivation of Medicinal Plants -- 12. Genetic diversity and erosion in cotton 
653 |a Conservation biology 
653 |a Conservation Biology 
653 |a Biodiversity 
653 |a Plant Genetics 
653 |a Ecology  
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520 |a Genetic erosion is the loss of genetic diversity within a species. It can happen very quickly, due to catastrophic events, or changes in land use leading to habitat loss. But it can also occur more gradually and remain unnoticed for a long time. One of the main causes of genetic erosion is the replacement of local varieties by modern varieties. Other causes include environmental degradation, urbanization, and land clearing through deforestation and brush fires. In order to conserve biodiversity in plants, it is important to targets three independent levels that include ecosystems, species and genes. Genetic diversity is important to a species’ fitness, long-term viability, and ability to adapt to changing environmental conditions. Chapters in this book are written by leading geneticists, molecular biologists and other specialists on relevant topics on genetic erosion and conservation genetic diversity in plants. This divisible set of two volumes deals with a broad spectrum of topicson genetic erosion, and approaches to biodiversity conservation in crop plants and trees. Volume 1 deals with indicators and prevention of genetic erosion, while volume 2 covers genetic diversity and erosion in a number of plants species. These two volumes will also be useful to botanists, biotechnologists, environmentalists, policy makers, conservationists, and NGOs working to manage genetic erosion and biodiversity