Why Are Women Working So Much More in Canada? An International Perspective

This paper analyzes the role of the tax and benefit system in spurring the impressive increase in Canadian female labor participation in the last decade. Using annual panel data for 10 large industrial countries over the period 1980-2001, I find that reforms in the Canadian tax and benefit system in...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Author: Tsounta, Evridiki
Format: eBook
Language:English
Published: Washington, D.C. International Monetary Fund 2006
Series:IMF Working Papers
Subjects:
Online Access:
Collection: International Monetary Fund - Collection details see MPG.ReNa
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653 |a Women 
653 |a Gender studies; women & girls 
653 |a Labour; income economics 
653 |a Public finance & taxation 
653 |a Economics of Gender 
653 |a Non-labor Discrimination 
653 |a Tax wedge 
653 |a Labor markets 
653 |a Demand and Supply of Labor: General 
653 |a Labor 
653 |a Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue: General 
653 |a Labor Economics: General 
653 |a Labor force participation 
653 |a Labor market 
653 |a Macroeconomics 
653 |a Tax administration and procedure 
653 |a Taxation 
653 |a Labor Standards: Labor Force Composition 
653 |a Women''s Studies' 
653 |a Labor economics 
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520 |a This paper analyzes the role of the tax and benefit system in spurring the impressive increase in Canadian female labor participation in the last decade. Using annual panel data for 10 large industrial countries over the period 1980-2001, I find that reforms in the Canadian tax and benefit system in the mid-1990s account for at least one-third of the observed increase in female participation in the period 1995-2001. The analysis indicates that policy initiatives similar to the "family-friendly" policies introduced in Canada could boost female participation in other countries and help policymakers meet the challenges of population aging