Fiscal Adjustments in OECD Countries : Composition and Macroeconomic Effects

This paper studies how the composition of fiscal adjustments influences their likelihood of "success", defined as a long lasting deficit reduction, and their macroeconomic consequences. We find that fiscal adjustments which rely primarily on spending cuts on transfers and the government wa...

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Main Author: Alesina, Alberto
Other Authors: Perotti, Roberto
Format: eBook
Language:English
Published: Washington, D.C. International Monetary Fund 1996, 1996
Series:IMF Working Papers; Working Paper
Subjects:
Online Access:
Collection: International Monetary Fund - Collection details see MPG.ReNa
Summary:This paper studies how the composition of fiscal adjustments influences their likelihood of "success", defined as a long lasting deficit reduction, and their macroeconomic consequences. We find that fiscal adjustments which rely primarily on spending cuts on transfers and the government wage bill have a better chance of being successful and are expansionary. On the contrary fiscal adjustments which rely primarily on tax increases and cuts in public investment tend not to last and are contractionary. We discuss alterative explanations for these findings by studying both a full sample of OECD countries and by focusing on three case studies: Denmark, Ireland and Italy
Physical Description:52 p.
ISBN:9781451960433
1451960433