The Contribution of the Special Court for Sierra Leone to the Development of International Humanitarian Law

The Special Court marked a new approach by the international community to violations of international humanitarian law. Its mode of creation i.e. through an agreement between the UN and the Government of Sierra Leone – as compared to the UN aad hoc Tribunals that were established pursuant to Chapter...

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Main Author: Njikam, Ousman
Format: eBook
Language:English
Published: Berlin Duncker & Humblot 2013, 2013
Edition:1., neue Ausg
Series:Beiträge zum Internationalen und Europäischen Strafrecht
Online Access:
Collection: Duncker & Humblot eBooks 2007- - Collection details see MPG.ReNa
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245 0 0 |a The Contribution of the Special Court for Sierra Leone to the Development of International Humanitarian Law  |h Elektronische Ressource  |c Ousman Njikam 
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502 |a Diss.--Universität Göttingen, 2011 
505 0 |a Introduction; Chapter 2: Politico-Historical Context of Sierra Leone priorto during the Conflict; I. Pre-Colonial Phase; II. Post-Colonial Phase; III. The Peace Settlements; IV. The Parties to the Conflict; 1. The Republic of Sierra Leone Military Forces and Assimilated; a) Republic of Sierra Leone Military Forces; b) The Armed Forces Revolutionary Council; 2. The Revolutionary United Front; 3. The National Patriotic Front for Liberia; 4. The Civil Defence Force; 5. Private Military Companies 
505 0 |a The Special Court's Case Law on War Crimes; I. The Notion of War Crimes 
505 0 |a Objective, Establishment, Jurisdiction and Organization of the Special Court; I. The Objective / Aim of the Special Court; 1. Political Objective; 2. Humanitarian Objective; 3. Legal Objective; II. Establishment; III. Organization of the Special Court; 1. The Chambers; 2. The Office of the Prosecutor; 3. The Registry; IV. Jurisdiction (Concurrent, Primary and Complementary); 1. General Remarks; a) Genuine Unwillingness or Inability of Sending State; b) Security Council Authorization; c) Security Council Authorization based on any State Proposal 
505 0 |a II. The Special Court's Definition and Rationale of Crimes against HumanityIII. The Contextual Elements (Part of a Widespread or Systematic Attack against any Civilian Population); 1. A widespread or Systematic Attack; a) The Word Attack; b) The Phrase Widespread or Systematic; 2. Any Civilian Population; 3. ‚Part of'; IV. The Mental Element (mens rea); 1. The Discriminatory Element; V. The Elements of the Acts Enumerated in Article 2 SCSL Statute; 1. Murder; 2. Extermination; 3. Enslavement; 4. Deportation; 5. Imprisonment; 6. Torture 
505 0 |a The Special Court's Case on Law Crimes against Humanity; I. Notion and Development of Crimes against Humanity 
505 0 |a II. The Regulation of International and Non-international Armed Conflicts 
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520 |a The Special Court marked a new approach by the international community to violations of international humanitarian law. Its mode of creation i.e. through an agreement between the UN and the Government of Sierra Leone – as compared to the UN aad hoc Tribunals that were established pursuant to Chapter VII of the UN Charter – was a particularity of the Court. It is the only international court that possesses concurrent, primary and complimentary jurisdiction. The objective of this thesis is to provide a comprehensive analysis of the contribution of the Special Court to the development of international humanitarian law. Similar to its predecessors (ad hoc Tribunals), the Special Court consolidated the principle under international law of individual criminal responsibility. -- Ousman Njikam evaluates the Special Court's mandate to »prosecute those who ›bear the greatest responsibility‹« as being in itself a contribution to the development of international humanitarian law since the ICTY and ICTR at the time of their inception did not have this limitation rationae personae / prosecutorial discretion. -- The author assesses some of the interesting and challenging issues dealt with such as the recruitment of child soldiers, amnesty for international crimes, head of state immunity and the crime of forced marriage. He concludes that the Special Court contributed albeit to a limited extent to the development of international humanitarian law