Heuristic Reasoning

How can we advance knowledge? Which methods do we need in order to make new discoveries? How can we rationally evaluate, reconstruct and offer discoveries as a means of improving the ‘method’ of discovery itself? And how can we use findings about scientific discovery to boost funding policies, thus...

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Corporate Author: SpringerLink (Online service)
Other Authors: Ippoliti, Emiliano (Editor)
Format: eBook
Language:English
Published: Cham Springer International Publishing 2015, 2015
Edition:1st ed. 2015
Series:Studies in Applied Philosophy, Epistemology and Rational Ethics
Subjects:
Online Access:
Collection: Springer eBooks 2005- - Collection details see MPG.ReNa
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300 |a V, 191 p. 11 illus., 1 illus. in color  |b online resource 
505 0 |a Introductory essay -- Why should the logic of discovery be revived? A reappraisal -- Are Heuristics Knowledge-Enhancing?Abduction, Models, and Fictions in Science -- Heuristic Appraisal at the Frontier of Research -- Why do Scientific Revolutions begin? -- Withstanding Tensions: Scientific Disagreement and Epistemic Tolerance -- Heuristics as Methods:  Validity, Reliability and Velocity -- Dynamic generation of hypotheses: Mandelbrot, Soros and Far-From-Equilibrium 
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653 |a Operations research 
653 |a Engineering 
653 |a Logic 
653 |a Epistemology 
653 |a Logic 
653 |a Computational Intelligence 
653 |a Science / Philosophy 
653 |a Operations Research/Decision Theory 
653 |a Genetic epistemology 
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520 |a How can we advance knowledge? Which methods do we need in order to make new discoveries? How can we rationally evaluate, reconstruct and offer discoveries as a means of improving the ‘method’ of discovery itself? And how can we use findings about scientific discovery to boost funding policies, thus fostering a deeper impact of scientific discovery itself? The respective chapters in this book provide readers with answers to these questions. They focus on a set of issues that are essential to the development of types of reasoning for advancing knowledge, such as models for both revolutionary findings and paradigm shifts; ways of rationally addressing scientific disagreement, e.g. when a revolutionary discovery sparks considerable disagreement inside the scientific community; frameworks for both discovery and inference methods; and heuristics for economics and the social sciences