03074nmm a2200397 u 4500001001200000003002700012005001700039007002400056008004100080020001800121100002600139245012000165250001700285260004800302300003400350505061400384653002600998653002301024653001001047653003901057653001001096653003701106653001201143653002701155653001201182653005001194653001601244653003301260710003401293041001901327989003801346490009301384856007201477082001001549520111701559EB000720738EBX0100000000000000057382000000000000000.0cr|||||||||||||||||||||140122 ||| eng a97894015824831 aEhrlich, P.e[editor]00aReal Numbers, Generalizations of the Reals, and Theories of ContinuahElektronische Ressourcecedited by P. Ehrlich a1st ed. 1994 aDordrechtbSpringer Netherlandsc1994, 1994 aXXXII, 288 pbonline resource0 aThe Late 19th-Century Geometrical Motivation -- Veronese’s Non-Archimedean Linear Continuum -- Review of Hilbert’s Foundations of Geometry (1902): Translated for the American Mathematical Society by E. V. Huntington (1903) -- On Non-Archimedean Geometry. Invited Address to the 4th International Congress of Mathematicians, Rome, April 1908. Translated by Mathieu Marion (with editorial notes by Philip Ehrlich) -- IV. Extensions and Generalizations of the Reals: Some 20th-Century Developments -- Calculation, Order and Continuity -- The Hyperreal Line -- All Numbers Great and Small -- Rational and Real aPhilosophy of Science aMathematical logic aLogic aMathematical Logic and Foundations aLogic aHistory of Mathematical Sciences aHistory aPhilosophy and science aAlgebra aOrder, Lattices, Ordered Algebraic Structures aMathematics aOrdered algebraic structures2 aSpringerLink (Online service)07aeng2ISO 639-2 bSBAaSpringer Book Archives -20040 aSynthese Library, Studies in Epistemology, Logic, Methodology, and Philosophy of Science uhttps://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-015-8248-3?nosfx=yxVerlag3Volltext0 a511.3 aSince their appearance in the late 19th century, the Cantor--Dedekind theory of real numbers and philosophy of the continuum have emerged as pillars of standard mathematical philosophy. On the other hand, this period also witnessed the emergence of a variety of alternative theories of real numbers and corresponding theories of continua, as well as non-Archimedean geometry, non-standard analysis, and a number of important generalizations of the system of real numbers, some of which have been described as arithmetic continua of one type or another. With the exception of E.W. Hobson's essay, which is concerned with the ideas of Cantor and Dedekind and their reception at the turn of the century, the papers in the present collection are either concerned with or are contributions to, the latter groups of studies. All the contributors are outstanding authorities in their respective fields, and the essays, which are directed to historians and philosophers of mathematics as well as to mathematicians who are concerned with the foundations of their subject, are preceded by a lengthy historical introduction