Very Long Baseline Interferometry Techniques and Applications

The quest for high resolution has preoccupied radio astronomers ever since radio waves were first detected from space fifty years ago. This venture was par­ ticularly stimulated by the discovery of quasars, and led to the development of interferometer techniques using baselines of transglobal dimens...

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Main Author: Felli, Marcello
Corporate Author: SpringerLink (Online service)
Other Authors: Spencer, Ralph E. (Editor)
Format: eBook
Language:English
Published: Dordrecht Springer Netherlands 1989, 1989
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences
Subjects:
Online Access:
Collection: Springer Book Archives -2004 - Collection details see MPG.ReNa
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245 0 0 |a Very Long Baseline Interferometry  |h Elektronische Ressource  |b Techniques and Applications  |c edited by Marcello Felli, Ralph E. Spencer 
246 3 1 |a Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute, Castel S. Pietro Terme, Bologna, Italy, September 12-23, 1988 
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505 0 |a Extragalactic -- 18. Recent Results in Astronomy II: Pulsars and Stars -- 19. Recent Results in Astronomy III: Interstellar Masers -- 4 The Present and Future of VLBI -- 20. The European and U.S. VLBI Networks in 1988 -- 21. Comparison with other Instruments -- 
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653 |a Astronomy, Observations and Techniques 
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520 |a The quest for high resolution has preoccupied radio astronomers ever since radio waves were first detected from space fifty years ago. This venture was par­ ticularly stimulated by the discovery of quasars, and led to the development of interferometer techniques using baselines of transglobal dimensions. These meth­ ods have become known as Very Long Baseline Interferometry (VLBI). Arrays of radio telescopes situated all over the Earth (or even in space) are regularly used for researches in radio astronomy, reaching resolutions as small as a fraction of a milli arcsecond. The technique also allows the measurement of the positions of the radio telescopes to a few millimeters and so VLBI has become a major tool in geodesy and the study of the rotation of the Earth. VLBI has now passed the pioneer stage and is becoming a standard facility available to astronomers and geodesists, requiring the coordination of the operations of indpendently owned radio telescopes around the world. In Europe observatories from England, Federal Republic of Germany, France, Italy, Poland, Sweden and The Netherlands are coordinated in their VLBI activity by the European VLBI Network Consortium (EVN). The Programme Committee of the EVN allocates time to scientific projects on a routine basis three times a year. The Unites States has a similar arrangement of a network of independent radio observatories, and joint experiments using 'Global Network' are often made