Radiation in Astrophysical Plasmas

Interest in the problem of interaction between radiation and astrophysical plasmas arose decades ago. Initially, this was closely related to the discovery of radio emission from the Sun and Galaxy which alerted theoretical radio astronomers to the problem of the origin of extra-terrestrial radio emi...

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Main Author: Zheleznyakov, V.V.
Corporate Author: SpringerLink (Online service)
Format: eBook
Language:English
Published: Dordrecht Springer Netherlands 1996, 1996
Edition:1st ed. 1996
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Library
Subjects:
Online Access:
Collection: Springer Book Archives -2004 - Collection details see MPG.ReNa
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245 0 0 |a Radiation in Astrophysical Plasmas  |h Elektronische Ressource  |c by V.V. Zheleznyakov 
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260 |a Dordrecht  |b Springer Netherlands  |c 1996, 1996 
300 |a IX, 462 p  |b online resource 
505 0 |a 1 Introduction -- 1.1 Parameters of astrophysical plasmas -- 1.2 Electromagnetic radiation and its main characteristics -- 1.3 Radiation sources and radiation mechanisms. Definitions and general properties -- 2 Electromagnetic waves in homogeneous plasma -- 2.1 Dielectric permittivity of plasma. Dispersion equations -- 2.2 Electromagnetic waves in homogeneous equilibrium plasma -- 3 Electromagnetic waves in inhomogeneous astrophysical plasma -- 3.1 Geometrical optics approximation in an inhomogeneous medium -- 3.2 Linear mode coupling in magnetoactive plasma -- 4 Transfer of radiation in astrophysical plasmas -- 4.1Transfer of radiation intensity -- 4.2 Transfer of polarization -- 5 Emission by astrophysical plasmas -- 5.1 Emission by a charged particle -- 5.2 Plasma emissivity -- 6 Absorption in thermal astrophysical plasmas -- 6.1 Absorption in isotropic plasma -- 6.2 Absorption in magnetoactive plasma -- 7 Reabsorption and amplification of radiation in non-equilibrium plasma -- 7.1 Method of kinetic equation and method of Einstein coefficients -- 7.2 Cerenkov instability -- 7.3 Cyclotron instability -- 7.4 Synchrotron reabsorption and instability -- 8 Scattering of radiation in plasma -- 8.1 Scattering of waves by particles in isotropic plasma -- 8.2 Transfer of radiation at cyclotron frequencies -- 8.3 Radiation pressure force in plasma -- 8.4 Raman scattering in plasma -- References -- References 
653 |a Astronomy, Observations and Techniques 
653 |a Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons 
653 |a Astrophysics and Astroparticles 
653 |a Nuclear physics 
653 |a Heavy ions 
653 |a Observations, Astronomical 
653 |a Astronomy—Observations 
653 |a Astrophysics 
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520 |a Interest in the problem of interaction between radiation and astrophysical plasmas arose decades ago. Initially, this was closely related to the discovery of radio emission from the Sun and Galaxy which alerted theoretical radio astronomers to the problem of the origin of extra-terrestrial radio emission. It has been found that the observed radio emission from cosmic sources is generated by virtue of the mechanisms which work mainly in plasma (an ionized gas). Recently, the theory of generation and propagation of radiation in astrophysical plasmas has outgrown its parent domain of theoretical radio astronomy and is being successfully applied to other fields, such as high-energy astrophysics. General results obtained in this field may also help to better understand the complicated phenomena in laboratory plasmas on the Earth. At the same time, analysis of interaction between radiation and astrophysical plasmas under extreme conditions (strong magnetic fields of white dwarfs and neutron stars or strong gravitational fields in the vicinity of black holes) stimulates the development of plasma physics as a whole. In fact, the physics of plasma under extreme conditions in space is a new branch of fundamental science. The monograph contains the description of physical processes involved in interaction between radiation and astrophysical plasmas. It comprises the reasonable minimum necessary for understanding the emission and propagation of electromagnetic waves in astrophysical plasmas; without this minimum one could not succeed in interpreting the results of a number of astronomical observations. Audience: This monograph will be useful for graduate and post-graduate students and young scientists as a textbook on plasma astrophysics and the issues of plasma physics dealing with radiation. At the same time, the book can be used by specialists on astrophysics, radio astronomy and plasma physics